An Evaluation of Fulfillment of Press Freedom as the Intrinsic Values of Psychological Contract of Macau Journalists After the Passing of Civil Protection Law under the Background of Economic Success With Once Over 75% Government Approval Rate

Journal of Social and Political

Sciences

ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

Published: 20 January 2020

An Evaluation of Fulfillment of Press Freedom as the Intrinsic Values of Psychological Contract of Macau Journalists After the Passing of Civil Protection Law under the Background of Economic Success With Once Over 75% Government Approval Rate

Vincent Lam Hing-Po

Hong Kong Baptist University

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10.31014/aior.1991.03.01.143

Pages: 23-31

Keywords: Press Freedom, Macau Journalists, Civil Protection Law

Abstract

The research is conducted with background that Macau government has had positive satisfaction rate from 1999 to 2018. According to Macau annual survey by HKU’s public polling survey released in December 2018, Macau government received with highest satisfaction rate of 75.8% in 2014 and 62.6% of Macau residents evaluate the policy of the Central Government on Macau after the Handover to be very good and quite good. 62% of Macau residents rated trust in the Beijing Government in 2018 with highest rate at 79.9% during the research period. The Macau’s GDP per capital recorded USD of USD 83,000 per capital in 2019 from USD15,000 in 1999 during the research period. Macau has no independence ranking on the league table the reporter without border ranking. The Article 27 of Macau Basic Law guarantees that Article 27 Macao residents shall have freedom of speech, of the press and of publication; freedom of association, of assembly, Of procession and of demonstration; and the right and freedom to form and join trade unions, and to strike. On 10th June 2019, in order to prevent the spread of rumours, fake news or misinformation during emergency situations, the Legislative Assembly (AL) 1st Standing Committee passed the Civil Protection Law which defines crimes against public security, order and peace in sudden incidents of public nature, with a previous draft predicting a possible prison sentence of up to three years for spreading false, unfounded and biased news. This paper aims to apply requirements used by the reporter without border for measurement of the editorial independence to obtain the perspective of Macau Journalists towards the degree of press freedom in Macau and whether the organizations they work for fulfill the press freedom as the intrinsic values of Psychological Contract on their employment contract after the passing of this law. 10 news workers from Macau local media organizations were interviewed anonymously for this research.

References

  1. Bingham, J. B., Oldroyd, J. B., Thompson, J. A., Bednar, J. S., & Bunderson, J. S. (2014).Status and the true believer: The impact of psychological contracts on social status attributions of friendship and influence. Organization Science, 25(1), 73-92.
  2. Macac Basic Law
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  4. Proposta de Lei intitulada "Lei de bases de protecção civil"
  5. Vincent Lam (2017) How do perceptions about the presence or absence of press freedom ideology in job candidates affect Hong Kong media companies' hiring decisions?; DBA Thesis, University of Newcastle Australia.
  6. Vincent Lam Hing-Po and Lo Suk-fun, An Empirical Study of Potential Breach of Psychological Contract of Hong Kong Journalist Towards the Swift of Editorial Direction Between June and July 2019 After the Announcement of Fugitive Ordinance in Hong Kong (August 16, 2019). Journal of Social and Political Sciences, Vol.2 No.3 (2019).
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