Journal of Social and Political


ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

Published: 16 November 2018

Analysis of Reformation in Biometrics for Conducting Elections by the Relationship of NADRA, Cellular Companies and Election Commission Pakistan

Basit Habib, Sonia Abid

Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

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During the periods of democracy in Pakistan transparency regarding the over turn of the elections has always been an issue. The problems regarding rigging have been seen mostly during these eras, and the main cause except from the human error has been the traditional vote casting system, First Past the Post (FPTP). There are many other errors less methods by which elections can be conducted and without any hustle. The methods regarding electronic devices like E-Voting are very essential. By following all these methods, in present era to reduce rigging and human error, elections can be held by using such a system in which a collaborative role of Election commission of Pakistan, NADRA and cellular companies plays an important role by verifying, registering and casting the vote of voters. The focal point of research is that in which the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and Access Ladder is being used, and their relationship's shown through a hierarchy diagram. The relationship of phases of SDLC with factors of Access Ladder show how a problem statement can be explained which has the nature of a procedure. ECP will have the direct link with cellular companies and NADRA to conduct transparent elections.


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