Appraisal of the Then Belief’s Preservation in Vietnam Through a Pang Then Ritual of the Tày People in Lào Cai Province

Journal of Social and Political

Sciences

ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

Published: 11 December 2019

Appraisal of the Then Belief’s Preservation in Vietnam Through a Pang Then Ritual of the Tày People in Lào Cai Province

Pham Minh Huong, Nguyen Thuy Tien

Vietnamese Institute for Musicology, Vietnam

pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

10.31014/aior.1991.02.04.133

Pages: 960-964

Keywords: Then Ritual, Vietnamese Culture, Intangible Cultural Heritage, the Tày People

Abstract

Vietnam has fifty-four distinct groups. Religious beliefs have always played a significant role in every Vietnamese ethnic group. Then is a form of ritual belief system of Tày, Nùng, and Thái ethnic groups in Northern Vietnam’s mountainous provinces. Then ritual practices can take place with different purposes. Each Then ritual is identified with a unique integration of music, dance, fine arts and language. In this paper, we would like to describe a Pang Then ceremony, which celebrates rank advancement of a Then master. During 3 days, the Then master sings and plays Tính Tẩu (a long-necked lute with a gourd body and two or three silk strings) at the same time. The lyric of song is narrating the path to the Realm of Heaven of the Then master and his spirited Then soldiers. At the end of the third day, all participants take part in the festivities: singing, dancing and drinking. Not only are the rituals preserved, but also the unique art of Then belief is separated. Then music and dance has eventually become a form of entertainment art in daily life. Every 2 years, a national festival of Then singing with Tính Tẩu has been organized. Some new works based on the Then original tunes is performed in these festivals.

References

  1. Ngô Đức Thịnh (2002). Then - một hình thức shaman của dân tộc Tày ở Việt Nam [The Then - a shaman ritual of Tày people in Viet Nam]. Văn hoá dân gian magazine 2002: 3, pp.3-20
  2. Nguyễn Thị Yên (2007). Then Tày [The Then of the Tày]. Hanoi: Văn hoá Dân tộc Publisher.
  3. Viện Âm nhạc (2016). Kiểm kê di sản Then Tày, Nùng, Thái Việt Nam 2016 [Inventory of the Then of Tày, Nùng, Thái minorities in Vietnam in 2016]. Hanoi: Thanh Niên Publisher
  4. Phạm Minh Hương and Nguyễn Thuỷ Tiên (2017). Sưu tầm Lễ Pang Nó (Then Thăng sắc) của người Tày ở huyện Văn Bàn, tỉnh Lào Cai [Collection of the Pang Nó (celebrates rank advancement) of Tay people in Văn Bàn district, Lào Cai province]. Hanoi, Vietnamese Institute of Musicology: Music and Studies, Bulletin No.52, pp. 15 - 33.
  5. Report of project “Urgent solutions to preserve and promote the values of traditional music of minorities in Vietnam”, implemented by researchers from Vietnamese Institute of Musicology, Hanoi, Vietnam from 2017 - 2019.

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

editorial@asianinstituteofresearch.org

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved