Journal of Social and Political
ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)
Published: 07 October 2020
Constructing an Inadequate Human Rights Regime: Indonesia and the Deliberate Weakening of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights Authority
Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: AICHR, ASEAN, Indonesia, Foreign Policy, Regionalism
The establishment of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights in 2019 provided hopes for the advancement of human rights in Southeast Asia. As a region that puts forward the notions of consensus and non-sovereignty, concluding regional human rights norms is seen as a first step in solidifying human rights protection in the region. Unfortunately, since its establishment, the commission has failed to fulfill the expectations to implement protection-based regional norms in Southeast Asia, measured by their failure to effectively respond to systemic human rights abuses in the region. This article employs the Neoliberal Institutionalist’s view of Hegemonic Stability Theory (specifically to Robert Keohane) in analyzing how regional hegemons such as Indonesia, have deliberately directed the establishment of a weak human rights regime, in the form of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights, which is proven by; (1) The Commission’s deficiencies in human rights protection, and (2) Indonesia’s lack of political will in solidifying human rights regimes in Southeast Asia.
Andika Putra, B. (2019) ‘ASEAN Political-Security Community: Challenges of establishing regional security in the Southeast Asia’, Journal of International Studies, 12(1), pp. 33–49. doi: 10.14254/2071-8330.2019/12-1/2.
Arendshorst, J. (2009) ‘The Dilemma of Non-Interference: Myanmar, Human Rights, and the ASEAN Charter’, Northwestern University Journal of International Human Rights, 8. Available at: (Accessed: 23 January 2020).
Bangun, B. H. (2018) ‘ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights and Effectiveness of Fulfilling Human Rights Obligations of ASEAN Members States’, Jambe Law Journal, 1(2), pp. 231–249. doi: 10.22437/jlj.1.2.231-249.
BUI, H. (2016) ‘The ASEAN Human Rights System: A Critical Analysis’, Asian Journal of Comparative Law. Cambridge University Press, 11(1), pp. 111–140. doi: 10.1017/asjcl.2016.9.
Darwis, Putra, B. A. and Cangara, A. R. (2020) ‘Navigating Through Domestic Impediments: Suharto and Indonesia’s Leadership in ASEAN’, International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 13(6), pp. 808–824. Available at: (Accessed: 16 July 2020).
DAVIES, M. (2012) ‘The Perils of Incoherence: ASEAN, Myanmar and the Avoidable Failures of Human Rights Socialization’, Contemporary Southeast Asia. ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute, pp. 1–22. doi: 10.2307/41446242.
Drajat, G. M. (2018) ‘Assessing Indonesia’s Leadership in the Advancement of ASEAN Political-Security Community under President Joko Widodo’, AEGIS : Journal of International Relations. Universitas Presiden, 2(2). doi: 10.33021/aegis.v2i2.424.
Hara, A. E. (2017) ‘The concerns and sustainability of ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR)’, in Sustainable Future for Human Security: Society, Cities and Governance. Springer Singapore, pp. 49–59. doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-5433-4_4.
Hara, A. E. (2019a) ‘The struggle to uphold a regional human rights regime: the winding role of ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR)’, Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional. Instituto Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais, 62(1). doi: 10.1590/0034-7329201900111.
Hara, A. E. (2019b) ‘The struggle to uphold a regional human rights regime: The winding role of asean intergovernmental commission on human rights (AICHR)’, Revista Brasileira de Politica Internacional. INSTBRASILEIRORELACOESINT, 62(1). doi: 10.1590/0034-7329201900111.
Hara, A. E. (2019c) ‘The struggle to uphold a regional human rights regime: The winding role of asean intergovernmental commission on human rights (AICHR)’, Revista Brasileira de Politica Internacional. INSTBRASILEIRORELACOESINT, 62(1). doi: 10.1590/0034-7329201900111.
Keohane, R. O. (1984) After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy . NY: Princeton University Press. Available at: (Accessed: 2 October 2020).
Kusuma, A. J. (2018) ‘The Allegation of Human Rights Violation in the Process of Counter-Terrorism Acts in Indonesia by Densus 88 Force’, Advanced Science Letters. American Scientific Publishers, 24(5), pp. 3394–3398. doi: 10.1166/asl.2018.11384.
Limsiritong, N. (2018) ‘The Power Limitation of ASEAN Inter-Governmental Human Rights Commission Under the Perspective of ASEAN Charter in Case of the Rohingya Issue’, SSRN Electronic Journal. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.3318102.
Olivia, Y. (2014a) ‘Will the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission of Human Rights (AICHR) Grow Its Teeth?’, Jurnal Hubungan Internasional. JK School of Gov, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, 3(2), pp. 149–158. doi: 10.18196/hi.2014.0057.149-158.
Olivia, Y. (2014b) ‘Will the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission of Human Rights (AICHR) Grow Its Teeth?’, Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 3(2), pp. 149–158. doi: 10.18196/hi.2014.0057.149-158.
Putra, B. A. (2015) ‘INDONESIA’S LEADERSHIP ROLE IN ASEAN: HISTORY AND FUTURE PROSPECTS’, IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, 1(2), p. 188. doi: 10.18769/ijasos.82584.
Putra, B. A. (2019) ‘China’s Assertiveness in the South China Sea: Have ASEAN’s Endeavors in Establishing Regional Order Truly Failed’, SSRN Electronic Journal. Elsevier BV. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.3412289.
Regilme, S. S. F. (2018) ‘Beyond Paradigms’, International Studies. SAGE Publications, 55(3), pp. 213–237. doi: 10.1177/0020881718794527.