Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Social and Political

Sciences

ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 17 November 2021

Contribution of Lifestyle Related Shaming in Drug Relapse Management in Indonesia

Muh Ardila Amry, Adrianus Meliala

University of Indonesia

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1991.04.04.318

Pages: 69-79

Keywords: Shaming, Reintegrative, Stigmatitative, Drug Relapse, Crime

Abstract

In the statistical calculation of the National Narcotics Board of the Republic of Indonesia or so called BNN, there were 70% of drug offenders with the status of drug relapse in 2019 reached (BNN: 2019). Such condition illustrates that the social rehabilitation mechanism for drug offenders in Indonesia still has the opportunity to present shameless people. Therefore, this study is intended to observe the significance of Lifestyle Related Shaming as an effort to reduce the number of drug relapses in Indonesia. Lifestyle Related Shaming is supported by 3 (three) macro theories, namely reintegrative shaming theory proposed by John Braithwaite, desistance theory proposed by Farral and routine activity theory proposed by Hiddlenlang The literature review method was applied here through the utilization and effort to develop an existing theory (grounded theory) by presenting certain concepts (variables) in accordance with the affordability of study data. In addition to qualitative approach, this research also performed a quantitative approach through survey method among respondents who experienced drugs relapse in Indonesia as well as in-depth interviews with drug relapse residents with various backgrounds and educational levels at the Center for Drug Rehabilitation of the Republic of Indonesia at Lido Bogor. It is expected that this study may provide a broad understanding to the government to prepare the best program for solving the drug relapse phenomenon, especially drug abuse in Indonesia. For the science, this study is expected to be a basis for the implementation of shaming in Indonesia. Furthermore, this study is also expected to be able to provide input in the process of drug relapse management in Indonesia, especially in an effort to prevent residents from falling into a shameless condition.

References

  1. Ariwibowo, K. (2013). Stigma Negatif Menjadi Faktor Utara Mantan Pecandu. Retrieved from dedihumas.bnn.go.id: https://dedihumas.bnn.go.id/read/section/berita/2013/06 /28/675/stigma-negatif-menjadi-faktor-utara-mantan-pecandu-relapse

  2. Braithwaite, John. (1989). Crime, Shame and Reintegration. Cambridge University Press

  3. Braithwaite, John. (1989). Reintegrative Shamming. Australian National University.

  4. Bynum, J. E., & Thompson, W. E. (2007). Juvenile Delinquency: A Sociological Approach 7th Edition. USA: Pearson Education Inc.

  5. Coe, G. (1961). Delinquency and Opportunity. The Free Press.

  6. Cohen, A. K. (1955). Delinquent Boys: The Culture of the Gang. New York: Free Press.

  7. Corrigan, D. (2006). Undestanding Subtances and Subtance Use. South Western Area Health Board.

  8. Downes, D. M., & Rock, P. (2007). Understanding Deviance: A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking (5th ed.).Oxford University Press.

  9. Edelhertz, H. (1970). The Nature, Impact and Prosecution of White Collar Crime. Washington: US Departement of Justice Law Enforcement Assistance Administration.

  10. Gottschalk, P., & Glaso, L. (2013). Corporate crime does pay! The Relationship between Financial Crime and Imprisonment in White-Collar Crime . International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences , 63-78.

  11. Gottschalk, P. (2013). Empirical Differences in Crime Categories by White-Collar Criminals. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 17-26.

  12. Levey, S & Loomba, P. (1973). Health Care Administration: A Managerial Prespectiv. Dalam: Azwar, Azrul, 1996, Pengantar Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Jakarta: FKUI.

  13. Lowinson, J. H. (2005). Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Textbook. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

  14. Madero-Hernandez, A. (2019). Lifestyle Exposure Theory of Victimization. In F. P. Bernat, The Encyclopedia of Women and Crime.John Wiley & Sons Inc.

  15. Michel, P. (2008). Financial Crimes: The Constant Challenge of Seeking Effective Prevention. Journal of Financial Crime, 383-397.

  16. Leasure, P., & Zhang, G. (2017). “THAT’S How They Taught Us To Do It: Learned Deviance and Inadequate Deterrents in Retail Banking. Deviant Behavior, 603-616.

  17. Pickett , K., & Pickett, J. (2002). Financial Crime Investigation and Control. Nw York: Wiley.

  18. Holtfreter, K. (2005). Is occupational fraud "typical" white-collar crime? A comparison of individual and organizational characteristics. Journal of Criminal Justice, 353-365.

  19. Hayes, H. (2011). Explaining Continuity and Change in Offending Behaviour after a Restorative Justice Conference. Journal Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 23:2, 127-143,.

  20. Putratama, A. F. (2019). Dirjen PAS: Selama 2019, Residivis Narkoba Dekati Angka 9 Ribu Orang. Retrieved from kumparan.com: https://kumparan.com/kumparannews/dirjen-pas-selama-2019-residivis-narkoba-dekati-angka-9-ribu-orang-1sTWHIt2lIy/full

  21. Cheah, P. K. (2019). Rehabilitation Programs for Incarcerated Drug Offenders in Malaysia: Experience-Based Perspectives on Reintegration and Recidivism. . The Prison Journal, 100(2), 201–223.

  22. Emerson, E. (2003). Timing of Adult Social Bonds and Desistensi from Crime. Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers. .

  23. Braithwate, J. (1989). Reintegrative Shaming. Australian National University.

  24. Kim, H. J., & Gerber, J. (2012). The Effectiveness of Reintegrative Shaming and Restorative Justice Conferences: Focusing on Juvenile Offender. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology · August 2011.

  25. Miethe, T. D., Lu, H., & Reese, E. (2000). Reintegrative Shaming and Recidivism Risks Drug Court: Explanations for Some Unexpected Findings. Crime and Delinquency Vol 46 No 4.

  26. Badan Narkotika Nasional. (2019). Data Statistik Kasus Narkoba. Retrieved from BNN.id: https://puslitdatin.bnn.go.id/portfolio/data-statistik-kasus-narkoba/

  27. Chaniago, R. (2019). Kepala BNN: Pengguna Narkoba pada 2019 Tembus 3,6 Juta Orang. Retrieved from Liputan6.com: https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/4127338/kepala-bnn-pengguna-narkoba-pada-2019-tembus-36-juta-orang

  28. Sabarinah. (2019). Sabarinah. (2019). Use of Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation Services in Indonesia: Findings of the 2014 National Narcotic Survey. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.

  29. Badan Narkotika Nasional. (2019). Penggunaan Narkotika di Kalangan Remaja Meningkat. Retrieved from BNN.go.id: https://bnn.go.id/penggunaan-narkotika-kalangan-remaja-meningkat/

  30. Herindrasti, S. (2018). Drug-free ASEAN 2025: Tantangan Indonesia dalam Penanggulangan Penyalahgunaan Narkoba. JURNAL HUBUNGAN INTERNASIONALVOL. 7, NO. 1 / APRIL - SEPTEMBER 2018.

  31. Badan Narkotika Nasional. (2019). Indonesia Report Drug 2019. PUSLITDATIN BNN.

  32. Isnaini, F., & Nitibaskara, T. (2017). Spatial analysis on the impact of socioeconomic vulnerability to drug abuse prevalence in Indonesia 2015. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science Vol 179.

  33. Hambali, S. (2017). Why Indonesia’s drugs problem is getting worse despite ‘shoot on sight’ orders and draconian laws. Retrieved from South China Morning Post: https://www.scmp.com/lifestyle/article/2120688/why-indonesias-drugs-problem-getting-worse-despite-shoot-sight-orders-and