Journal of Social and Political
ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)
Published: 13 June 2023
Corporate Crimes in the Perspective of Self-Control and Criminaloid Approaches (Study of 5 Fraud Cases)
Indonesian National Police Officer
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Keywords: Criminaloid, Fraud, Financial Crime, Netralization, Social Control
This paper examines financial crime through the lens of self-control and a criminaloid approach. Some of the data gathered is an attempt to describe the general state of financial crimes in relation to the contribution of aspects of self-control using a criminaloid approach. The author attempts to capture this general picture through case illustrations that can reflect financial crimes, especially tax fraud, based on the criminaloid aspect's contribution. The data sources used are classified into two types: primary data and secondary data. Researchers employ data collection techniques in ways that do not provide equal or diverse opportunities. The BPS criminal statistics from 2014 to 2018 were used as a secondary data source in this study. Data collection methods based on in-depth interviews (in-depth interviews). This is done as an illustration to bridge the gap between the explanation of the role of self-control and criminaloid aspects in financial crime. Physical and psychosocial characteristics, hesitation in acting, ease of giving confessions, moral sensitivity and intelligence, as well as social and cultural status in terms of social control, all contribute to perpetrators' willingness to commit crime. Neutralization factors also assist perpetrators in legitimizing criminal behavior as reasonable or legal.
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