Journal of Social and Political


ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

Published: 24 May 2019

Determinants of Human Capital Accumulation of Female Migrants in the Destination

Dusadee Ayuwat, Soiboon Saithong, Ornnutda Chinnasri

Khon Kean University, and Kasetsart University (Thailand)

pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf


Pages: 347-355

Keywords: Migration, Female Migration, Human Capital, Human Capital Accumulation, Economic Factor, Social Factor


The purpose of this research was to examine human capital accumulation and factors determined human capital accumulation among female migrants, who moved from the rural northeastern region of Thailand, at destination areas. Using quantitative methodology in the study, and unit of analysis was at the individual level. The sample size was 320 female migrants who have been living in Chonburi for 1-10 years with inclusion criteria. The approach for sampling was the randomized enumeration area. The interview schedule was used as a research tool, and the data collection period was in January 2018. Data analysis was done by PATH analysis with STATA program. The results found that factors effected directly on human capital accumulation consisted of 1) female migrant characteristics; marriage status and number of the dependent household member, 2) migration factor; remittance, 3) human capital factor; the computer skill and 4) economic factor; occupational income with statistical significance level at 0.01 and 0.05. In addition, it was found those female migrant characteristics; age, and education, human capital factor; training on occupational skill, and social capital factor; membership had indirect effects on human capital accumulation through single marriage status with statistical significance level at 0.01 and 0.05. In addition, the factor of female migrant characteristics, migration factor, human capital factor, economic factor, and social factor were able to explain the variance of human capital accumulation by 49.34 percent (the R-squared = 0.4934).


  1. Becker, G.S.(1993). Nobel Lecture: The Economic Way of Looking at Behavior. Journal of Political, 101,385-409.

  2. Becker, G.S.(1964). Human Capital. New York: Columbia University Press.

  3. Chantavanich, S. (1991).Social Stratification: Occupational Prestige in Thai Society. Social Research Institute. Chulalongkorn University.

  4. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistic power analysis for the behavioral science. 2nd  ed. New Jersey. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

  5. Davenport, T.O. (1999). Human Capital: What it is and Why people invest it. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

  6. Ederer, P., Schuller, P. &Willims, S. (2006). Innovation at work: The European Human Capital Index. The Lisbon Council Policy Brief, 1(2), 2-4.

  7. Fabrizio Bernardi, Juan-Ignacio Martinez-Pastor. (2010). Female Education and Marriage Dissolution: Is it a Selection Effect?European Sociological Review, 27(6): December 2011, 693-707

  8. Gögel, K. (2013). Remittance, expenditure patterns, andgender: parametic andsemiparametric evidence from Ecuador. IZA journal of Migration.

  9. Harvey, D. (2006). NoleCastree and Derek Gregory,(eds). David Harvey: A Critical Reader. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.  

  10. Harvey, D.

  11. Jacobs, S. (. Trends in Women’s Career and Gender in Britain. Gender Work and Organization, 6(1) January 1999: 32- 46.

  12. Knodel J. et al. (2000). As cited by De Jong, G.(2000). Expectations Gender andNorms in Migration Decision-Making. Population Studies, 54(3): 307-319.

  13. Lee, Everett. (1966). A Theory of Migration. Demography, 3(1), 47-57.

  14. Narongchai, W. (2016). Social Mobility of Rural Household after the Intergenerational Transfers of Capitals. Khon Kaen: Graduate School.Khon Kaen University.

  15. National Statistic Office. (2006). Migration Survey 2006. Bangkok: National Statistic Office. Ministry of Information and CommunicationTechnology.

  16. National Statistical Office. (2013). Migration Survey 2013. Bangkok: National Statistic Office. Ministry of Information and CommunicationTechnology.

  17. National Statistic Office. (2013).The Labour Force Survey 2013.Bangkok: National Statistic Office. Ministry of Information and Communication Technology.

  18. National Statistical Office. (2016). Migration Survey 2016. Bangkok: National Statistic Office. Ministry of Information and Communication Technology.

  19. Office of the National Economic and Social Development Council. (2007). National Economic and Social Development Plan 10th ed.(2007- 2011). Retrieved from Accessed 8th January 2019.

  20. Prasitrathasin, S. (2005). Multivariate Techniques for Social and Behavioral Sciences. 6 th. Bangkok: Samlada Press.

  21. Saithong, S. (2018). Capital Accumulation of Female Migrants and Occupational Mobility. Khon Kaen: Graduate SchoolKhonKaen University.

  22. Saithong, S., Ayuwat, D., and Chinnasri, O. (2018). Human capital accumulation of rural female migrants and occupational mobility at destination area: A case study of Chonburi. International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET), 7 (2.10), 80-85

  23. Santhan, K. (2011). Migration Process of Thai-traditional Women Massager from ISAN Rural. Khon Kaen: Graduate School.Khon Kaen University.

  24. Tacoli, C. (1999). International Migration and the Restructuring of Gender Asymmetric: Continuity and Chang among Filipino Labor Migrants in Rome. International Migration Review. 33(3): 658-28.

  25. Todaro, M.P. (1976) Internal migration in developing countries. Geneva: International Labor Office.

  26. Wuensch, K.L. (2016). An Introduction to Path analysis. Retrieved from http://core.ecu.ecu./pscyc/wuenschk/MV/SEM/Path.pdf. Accessed1st February2019

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle