Journal of Social and Political
ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)
Published: 29 July 2019
Institutional Merger of Farmer Groups in the Enhancement Efforts of Independence of Farmer Groups in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia (Case Study on Citrus Farming)
Yani Taufik, Ine Fausayana, Anas Nikoyan, Hastuti, Rosmawaty Basiru
Haluoleo University, Konawe Selatan Food Crop Agriculture Service
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Institutional Merger, Farmer Group, Partnership, Non-Formal Education
The agricultural sector was one of the priorities during the New Order era in Indonesia under Soeharto's leadership. The formation of farmer groups was carried out extensively in order to achieve self-sufficiency in food, but since the fall of the New Order, many farmer groups have not functioned, especially those that relied on government assistance alone. The government in the current reform era in Indonesia is trying to merge farmer groups into new institutions which are named the alliance of farmers group (Gapoktan). This research aims to understand the benefit of merging farmer groups. Field research was conducted in 4 villages of South Konawe Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province where there was a merger of farmer groups. The results of the study show that the incorporation of farmer groups has had a positive impact their reactivation. The farmer group develops to become a place of learning, discussion, and exchange of information between fellow members. Actually, farmer groups who are members of Gapoktan no longer discuss only the problem of increasing production, but the functions of farmer groups have developed into as marketing institutions, facilities for distribution as well as savings and loan cooperatives. The combination of farmer groups also resulted in government extension workers no need visiting each farmer group as before, because the spread of innovation is being continued by farmer group representatives who themselves disseminate knowledge and skills obtained from training held by government agencies to other farmer group members. The process of training farmers to train other farmers has improved the farmers' competency. The merger of farmer groups has also fostered the trust of partner institutions such as buyers and banking institutions.
Anandajayasekeram, P., Puskur, R., Sindu, Workneh, Hoekstra, D., 2008. Concepts and Practices in Agricultural Extension in Developing Countries: A Source Book. IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute), Washington, DC, USA, and ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, Kenya. 275 pp.<https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/99/Source_book.pdf?sequence=2>.
Budzinski, Oliver. 2010. An Institutional Analysis of the Enforcement Problems in Merger Control. European Competition Journal. Vol 6. (2). Pp. 445-474. Taylor & Francis Online.
Hodgson Geoffrey M., 2006. What Are Institutions? Journal of Economic Issues. Vol. XL No. 1 March 2006. Pp 1-25.
Kartner, Fay. 2017. Merger remedies: fostering innovation? European Competition Journal. Vol 12. Issue 2-3. Taylor & Francis Online.
Migdal, J Samuel; Kohli Atul and Shue, Vivienne. 1997. State Power and Social Forces: Domination and Transformation in the Third World. Cambridge University Press
R. Hermanto. 2007. Rancangan Kelembagaan Tani Dalam Implementasi Prima Tani di Sumatera Selatan. Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian. Vol.5 (2). Pp. 110-125.
Simatupang, P. 2004. Prima Tani sebagai Langkah Awal Pengembangan Sistem dan Usaha Agribisnis Industrial. Pusat Analisis Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian. Departemen Pertanian. Jakarta.
Stearns, Linda Brewster, and Allan, Kenneth D. 1996. Economic Behavior in Institutional Enviroments: The Corporate Merger Wave of the 1980s. American Sociological Review. Vol. 61 (4). Pp. 699-718.
Syahyuti, 2007. Strategi dan tantangan Dalam Pengembangan Gabungan Kelompok Tani (GAPOKTAN) sebagai Kelembagaan Ekonomi di Pedesaan. Pusat Analisis Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian. Bogor.
Weber, Max. 1968. On Charisma and Instituion Building. Selected Papers Ed. S.N. Eisenstadt. The University of Chicago Press. Chicgao-London.
Wolford, Wendy; Saturnino M. Borras; Jr.,Ruth Hall; Ian Scoones and Ben White (Edited). 2013. Governing Global Land Deals The Role of the State in the Rush for Land. Wiley Blackwell and Sons.Ltd. United Kingdom.