Journal of Social and Political
ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)
Published: 27 December 2019
Motives of Traditional and Emerging Donors in Aid Giving: Comparative Study between China and France
Ansoumane D. Diakite, Jenny O. L. Phillips
University of Saint Joseph, Macau
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Aid Giving Motives, Emerging Donor, Traditional Donor, Poverty Reduction
Since the beginning of bilateral aid giving in the aftermath of the Second World War, the motives for aid giving have changed from being purely political and humanitarian to a mix of different interests. While poverty reduction is frequently stated as the goal of aid giving, it is commonplace for donors to use aid to advance their national interests. The rise of new, emerging donors is creating discussion in both the political and academic fields of aid giving. Traditional or western donors see emerging donors, such as China’s efforts in aid-giving as seeking the natural resources of the recipient countries. This paper provides a historical analysis of the aid-giving motivations underlying an emerging donor, China, and a traditional donor, France. The motives for China’s and France’s aid giving to African countries, with special focus on Guinea, show a great number of similarities.
- Banik, D. (2013). China’s aid and poverty reduction in Africa. In Yu.G (Ed.), Rethinking Law and Development (pp. 215- 247). London, Routledge.
- Banik, D., and Chasukwa, M. (2016). The impact of emerging donors on development and poverty reduction. In Banik, D. and Chinsinga, B. (Ed.), Political Transition and Inclusive Development in Malawi: The democratic dividend (pp. 147-168). London, Routledge.
- Berthelemy, J.C. (2005). Bilateral donors' interest vs. Recipients' development motives in aid allocation: do all donors behave the same? Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques bla05001, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
- Brautigam, D. (2010). The Dragon’s Gift the Real Story of China in Africa. UK: Oxford University Press.
- Bricq, N (2012). Kenya/Échanges commerciaux - Communiqué du ministère du commerce extérieur - 13 Novembre 2012, Paris.
- Cabestan, J.P. (2013). Les relations Chine-Afrique : nouvelles responsabilités et nouveaux défis d’une puissance mondiale en devenir. In Hérodote, No. 150, Third Term 2013, pp. 150- 171. France: Cairn.info.
- Cooke, J. G. (2009). China’s Soft Power in Africa. In Carola McGiffert (Ed.) Chinese Soft Power and its Implications for the United States: Competition and cooperation in the developing world. A report of the CSIS Smart Power Initiative. Washington D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies.
- Caulderwood, K. (2014, December 20). Ebola Outbreak 2014: China Adds to International Aid Efforts. International Business Times. Retrieved from: https://www.ibtimes.com/ebola-outbreak-2014-china-adds-international-aid-efforts-1677644.
- Cheung, Y.W., Haan, J., Quian, X.W., and Yu, S. (2011). China’s Outward Direct Investment in Africa. HKIMR Working Paper No. 13/2011. Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research
- Davies, P. (2007). China and the end of poverty in Africa– towards mutual benefit? (Report). Retrieved from Diakonia website: http://www.diakonia.se/en/Info/News-- Publications/Reports-from-Diakonia-/
- Dreher, A. & Fuchs, A. (2011). Rogue Aid? The Determinants of China's Aid Allocation, Discussion Papers, No. 93. Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Courant Research Centre - Poverty, Equity and Growth (CRC-PEG), Göttingen.
- Dreher, A. et al. (2014). Aid on Demand: African Leaders and the Geography of China’s Foreign Assistance. AidData Working Papers. Williamsburg, VA: AidData at William & Mary.
- Girod, D. (2008). Cut from the same cloth? Bilateral vs multilateral aid. in Annual Meeting of the International Political Economy Society. Philadelphia, PA, 14-15 November
- Guinant, P. (2013). La Politique de la France en Afrique Subsaharienne après les Indépendances (Master thesis). Available from University of Toulouse.
- Gulrajani, N., and Calleja, R. (2019). Understanding Donor Motivations: developing the Principled Aid Index. Overseas Development Institute.
- Heidi Østbø Haugen (2013). China's recruitment of African university students: policy efficacy and unintended outcomes. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 11:3, 315-334, DOI: 10.1080/14767724.2012.750492
- Irish, J. (2019, March 12). Macron warns of Chinese risk to African sovereignty. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-djibouti-france/macron-warns-of-chinese-risk-to-african-sovereignty-idUSKBN1QS2QP
- Ismael, T. (1971). The People’s Republic of China and Africa. Journal of Modern African Studies, 9:4, p.527-542.
- Kaiman, J. (2013, April 29). Africa’s future leaders benefit from Beijing’s desire to win hearts and minds. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/apr/29/africa-future-leaders-china-aid-programme
- Kessler, M. C. (2013). L’outil diplomatique français, Le temps des concurrences. In La France Dans le Monde, Questions Internationals, Special Anniversaire, 10 ans. N° 61-62, pp.33-43. Paris: La Documentation Française, Mai-Août.
- King, K. (2013). China’s Aid and Soft Power in Africa. UK: BOYE6.
- Lammers, E. (2007, March 22). How will the Beijing Consensus benefit Africa? – China and Africa. The Broker. Retrieved from: https://www.thebrokeronline.eu/how-will-the-beijing-consensus-benefit-africa/.
- Lancaster, C. (2007). Foreign Aid: Diplomacy, Development, Domestic Politics. USA: University of Chicago Press.
- Lum, T., Fischer, H., Gomez-Granger, J., and Leland, A. (2009). China’s Foreign Aid Activities in Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress. Washington D. C.: Congressional Research Service.
- Luo, J. & Zhang, X. (2009). China's African Policy and its Soft Power. In AntePodium. Victoria University of Wellington. p 1-18.
- MacGregor, K. (2015, December 12). China ups Africa support with training, scholarships. University World News. Retrieved from: https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20151211183903298
- Martinussen, J. D., and Pedersen, P. E. (2003). Aid: Understanding International Development Cooperation. New York: Zed Books.
- Melly, P., and Darracq, V. (2013). A New Way to Engage? French Policy in Africa from Sarkozy to Hollande. London: Chatham House.
- New African. (2014, May 21). How China’s Confucius centres affect African culture. New African Magazine. Retrieved from: https://newafricanmagazine.com/10905/.
- Tan-Mullins, M., Mohan, G., and Power, M. (2010). Redefining ‘Aid’ in the China–Africa Context. Development and Change, 41(5), 857-881.
- Naím, M. (2007, March). Rogue Aid. Foreign Policy, 95-96. Retrieved from: https://search.proquest.com/docview/224026979?accountid=143153.
- Ojakorotu, V., and Whetho, A. (2008). Sino-African Relations: The Cold War Years and After. Asian Journal of Global Studies, 2(2), 35-43.
- Rotberg, R. (Ed.). (2008). China into Africa: Trade, Aid, and Influence. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.
- Steele, C. (2011). Disease Control and Donor Priorities: the political economy of development aid for health. PhD Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
- Strange et. al., (2013). China's Development Finance to Africa: A Media-Based Approach to Data Collection. Working Paper No. 32. Center for Global Development.
- Sun, Y. (2014, February 7). China’s Aid to Africa: Monster or Messiah? Brookings: East Asia Commentary, Retrieved from: http://www.brookings.edu/research/opinions/2014/02/07-china-aid-to-africa-sun.
- Sun, Y. (2014). Africa in China’s Foreign Policy. Africa Growth Initiative Publications, Vol. 24. Washington D.C.: Brookings.
- Taylor, I. (2009). China’s New Role in Africa. Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
- Thompson, D. (2005). China’s emerging interests in Africa: Opportunities and challenges for Africa and the United States. Africa Renaissance Journal, 2 (4), 20–29
- Wang, J, Y. (2007). What Drives China’s Growing Role in Africa?. IMF Working Paper WP/07/21.
- Xinhua. (2014, August 11). Xi expresses sympathy to African leaders over Ebola outbreak. Xinhua News. Retriev