Journal of Social and Political
ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)
Published: 02 May 2018
Nigerian 2015 General Election: The Successes, Challenges, and Implications for Future General Elections
Babayo Sule, Mohd Azizuddin Mohd Sani, Bakri Mat
Federal University Kashere Gombe (Nigeria), Universiti Utara Malaysia (Malaysia), Universiti Utara Malaysia (Malaysia)
Download Full-Text Pdf
The Nigerian 2015 General Election is one of the elections in the world that drew lots of attention and analysis as a result of its uniqueness and the many successes and challenges recorded which provide a lesson for future elections in Nigeria and other countries in the world. The aim of this work is to investigate the successes and challenges recorded in the election with a view to providing a better alternative for an improved election in future. The problem is the way many Nigerians and those outside Nigeria overwhelmingly are carried away by the defeat of the incumbent by the opposition which made them to perceive the election wholeheartedly as credible despite many challenges that it faced. The research used qualitative method of data collection and analysis. It is a qualitative particularistic case study which used primary and secondary data. The primary data was interview from different stakeholders that are involved in the electoral process, and the secondary data is the use of available literature on the subject matter. The data obtained was presented in tabular and figurative forms and analyzed using thematic analytical interpretations for findings. The research discovered that the 2015 General Election is an improvement on the previous elections especially in the Fourth Republic as a result of the techniques adopted in the conduct, but there are still challenges that must be looked into in future to make the election more credible. The research recommends that the areas that recorded significant improvement should be maintained while in the areas of challenges it should be looked into against the next election.
Abdullahi, S.A. (2015) “Youth, Political Parties and Electoral Violence in Nigeria” in Mohammed, H. (Ed) The Patterns and Dynamics of Party Politics in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic. Kano: Hallmark Publishing Nigeria LTD.
Adetula, V.O.A. (2008) “Money and Politics in Nigeria: an Overview” in Adetula, V.O.A. (2008) Money and Politics in Nigeria. Abuja: DFID.
Adeniyi, O. (2017) Against The Run of Play: How an Incumbent President was Defeated in Nigeria. Lagos: Prestige Impress This Day Books.
Adeyemi, L.O. (2012) “The Challenges of Democratic Governance in Nigeria” International Journal of Business and Social Sciences. 3(5):200-207.
Adibe, J. (2015) “The 2015 Presidential Election in Nigeria: The Issues and Challenges” Washington: Brookings Institution.
Africa Centre for Strategic Studies (2015) After the Election: Fundamental Security Challenges Nigeria Must Face. Washington DC.
Ahar, U.C. (2015) “Historical Dialectics of 2015 Presidential Election: Implication for Sustainable Democracy in Nigeria” European Scientific Journal. 11(25):372-381.
Almond, G. & Verba, S. (1963) The Civic Culture: Political Attitude and Democracy in Five Nations. California: Sage Publications Inc.
ANAP FOUNDATION, Press Release: 2015 Presidential Pre-Election Poll: Too Close to Call Between Jonathan and Buhari. NOI Polls.
Animashaun, M.A. (2015) “Nigeria 2015 Presidential Election: The Votes, the Fears and Regime Change” Journal of African Elections. 14(2):186-211.
Antunnes, R. (2010) Theoretical Models of Voting Behaviour” Escola Superior De Educacao- Instituto Politecnico de Coimbra. 4(10):145-170.
Arrows, K. (1986) "Rationality of Self and others in Economic System." The Journal of Business. 59(4):385-399.
Auwal, A. (2015) “Political Parties and Electoral Misconduct in Nigeria” in Mohammed, H. (Ed) The Patterns and Dynamics of Party Politics in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic. Kano: Hallmark Publishing Nigeria LTD.
Ayanda, A, A, & Odunayo, B.J. (2015) “Comparative Study of 2011 and 2015 Presidential Elections in Nigeria” Global Journal of Human Social Sciences: F Political Science. 14(1): 22-48.
Bartlett, J. Jones, A.K. Daniel, N. Fisher, A. & Jesperson, N. (2015) Social Media for Election Communication and Monitoring in Nigeria. London: Demos.
Blanchard, S.P. (2015) Nigeria’s 2015 Elections and The Boko Haram Crisis Bertelsmann Stiftung Institute Nigeria Country Report. Congressional Research Service.
CLEEN Foundation, Nigeria Headed for Closest Election on Record. Afrobarometre.
Chatham House Report 2017
Chukwudi, O. R. (2015) “Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria: Progress and Challenges” Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review. 5(5):21-34.
Dahl, R. (2000) A Framework of Political Analysis. California: Oxford Publishers.
Downs, A. (1957) An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
Economic and Financial Crimes Commission 2017 Electoral Act 2010.
Ewi, N, (2015) “Was The Nigerian 2015 Presidential Election a Victory for Boko Haram?” African Security Review. 10(1):169-189.
Farber, H.S. (2009) “Rational Choice and Voter Turnout: Evidence from Union Representation Elections” CEPS Working Paper.
Independent National Electoral Commission 2015
Independent National Electoral Commission 2017.
International Republic Institute, Nigeria National Elections March 28 2015.
Isma’ila, Y. & Othman, Z. (2015) “Challenges of Electoral Processes in Nigeria’s Quest for Democratic Governance in the Fourth Republic” Research on Humanities Social Sciences. 2(6):32-44.
Jiddere, A.J. (2015) “The Politics of Party Defection, Cross-Carpeting and The Democratic Processes in Nigeria” in Mohammed, H. (Ed) The Patterns and Dynamics of Party Politics in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic. Kano: Hallmark Publishing Nigeria LTD.
Kapur, A.C. (2009) Principles of Political Science. New Delhi: S. Chand.
Lindberg, S.I. & Morrison, M. (2008) “Are African Voters Really Ethnic or Clientelistic”? Survey Evidence from Ghana” Political Science Quarterly.
Lindberg, S.I. & Weghorst, K.R. (2010) “Are Swing Voters Instruments of Democracy or Farmers of Clientalism” Evidence from Ghana. The QOG Institute Quality of Government.
Nkechi, A. & Innocent, E.O. (2014)“Political Financing in Africa: A Comparative Study for Kenya and Nigeria: Proposal for Reform. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences MCSER. 5(27):22-34.
Nigerian 1999 Constitution as Amended.
Nigeria Civil Society Situation Room, Report on Nigeria’s 2015 General Elections. Abuja.
Nwachukwu, C. (2015) Election Manual 2015. Abuja: INEC.
Nwofe, E.S. (2015) "Dimensions of Negativity in the Coverage of Nigeria's 2015 Presidential Election" International Journal of International Relations, Media and Mass Communication Studies. 2(2):6-29.
Oji, R.O. Okechukwu, A.I. & Anthony, O.O. (2015) “Implications of Politically Exposed Persons Participation in 2015 Elections in Nigeria” Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 5(27): 325-334.
Olorunmola, A. (2016) Cost of Politics in Nigeria. Westminster Foundation for Democracy.
Omilusi, M. (2016) “An Assessment of Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic” European Journal of Research in Social Sciences. 4(1):1-17.
Orji, N. (2015) Nigeria’s 2015 Elections: Lessons and Prospects for Democratic Consolidation. African Peace building Network.
Paden, J. (2015) Midterm Challenges in Nigeria: Elections, Parties, and Regional Conflicts. United States Institute of Peace. Security Analysis and Research. Evolving Security Situation in Advance of Presidential Elections, 14 February 2015.
Sekaran, U. & Bougie, R. (2013) Research Methods for Business. India: John Wiley & Sons.
Sharan, M.P. (2009) Qualitative Research Method San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
Sule, B. Azizuddin, M. Sani, M. & Mat, B. (2017) “Political Party Financing and Corruption in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic: The Case of 2015 General Elections” Arts and Social Sciences Journal 8(4):2-8.
The Centre for Public Policy Alternatives (CPPA) 2015, 2015 Presidential Election Outcome: Analyses & Implications.
Transparency International Report 2015.
Ukase, P.I. (2015) “Political Parties and Election /Campaign Financing in Nigeria: Interrogating the 2015 General Elections” (n.p.)
USAID & UKAID 2015 Still Above The Ceiling (A Report on Campaign Finance and Use of State Administrative Resources in The 2015 Presidential Election). Centre for Social Justice.
Yagboyaju, D.A. (2011) “Nigeria’s Fourth Republic and the Challenge of a Faltering Democratisation” African Studies Quarterly. 12(3):94-106.