Journal of Social and Political
ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)
Published: 26 April 2021
Research on the Development of Small and Medium-sized Navy in Southeast Asian Countries
Industrial Technology Research Intitule, Taiwan
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Navy Modernization, Southeast Asia, South China Sea, Strategy, Issues
There is no doubt that the entire Asia-Pacific region, especially Southeast Asia, is undergoing a large-scale naval modernization process. However, most analyses of this phenomenon have focused on its scope and nature, especially its possible consequences for peace and stability in the region. Of particular concern is whether we are seeing the beginning of an unstable naval arms race in the region. This is completely grounded, and it is indeed an important research area, which will be discussed in the article. In addition, we also look at the general naval modernization process, and discuss in essence how the country to develop or maintain the navy, as well as the special problems and challenges that the navy often faces in this process, for example, with the current economic growth and international trends, increasing the naval budget and procurement of related potential ship. The purpose of this paper is to review the naval modernization of the six countries in the South China Sea, which can be served as guidance for Taiwan's navy construction.
Abuza, Z. (2014). Vietnam’s Naval Upgrades Likely Will Limit but not Deter China in the South China Sea. cogitASIA Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Abuza, Z. & Anh, N. N. (2016). Vietnam’s Military Modernization. The Diplomat.
Ali, I. (2017). U.S. Destroyer Challenges China’s Claims in South China Sea. Reuters.
Andersson, J. J. (2016). Submarine Capabilities and Conventional Deterrence in Southeast Asia. Contemporary Security Policy, 36(3), (January), 490.
Banlaoi, Rommel C. (2012). Philippine Naval Modernization: Current State and Continuing Challenges. Quezon City: Philippine Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research, 40.
Barrie, D. & Waldwyn, T. (2016). Vietnam paddles its own Kayak. The International Institute for Strategic Studies.
Basiron, M. N. & Kaur, C. R. (2009). A National Ocean Policy for Malaysia: Rationale and Proposed Components. East Asian Seas Congress 2009, Manila, the Philippines.
Basiron, M. N. (2012). The search for sustainability and security: Malaysia’s maritime challenges and opportunities. In: Ho, Joshua & Bateman, Sam eds., Maritime Challenges and Priorities in Asia: Implications for regional security. London and New York: Routledge, 72–82.
Bateman, S. (2005). Naval Balance in Southeast Asia: Search for Stability. IHS Jane’s Defense Weekly.
Beng, K. K. (2016). Growth in ties validates trust in China: Najib. The Straits Times.
Bitzinger, Richard A. (2010). A New Arms Race? Explaining Recent Southeast Asian Military Acquisitions. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 32(1), (April), 50–69.
Bitzinger, R. (2015). Tight budget hampers Malaysia’s defense ambitions. Today.
Chow, J. (2015). RSN beefs up older ships with modern muscle. The Straits Times.
Defense Studies. (1993). Malaysia Set To Buy MiG-29 and F/A-18s. Defense Studies.
Dolven, B., Elsea, Jennifer K., Lawrence, Susan V., Rourke, Ronald O’ & Rinehart, Ian E. (2015). Chinese Land Reclamation in the South China Sea: Implications and Policy Options. Congressional Research Service.
Francis, L. (2010). Malaysia to keep some MiG-29s, delay choice on replacement fighters. Flightglobal.
Goldrick, J. & McCaffrie, J. (2013). Navies of South-East Asia: A Comparative Study. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 320.
Gray, C. (1996). Arms Races and Other Pathetic Fallacies: A Case for Deconstruction. Review of International Studies, 22(3), (July), 323-335.
Izvestia (2016). “Bьeтнaмy пoнaдoбилcя poccийcкий (Vietnam needs a Russian “Dolphin”). Дeльфин.
Kaplan, R. (2014). Asia’s Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific. New York: Random House, 34.
Kienthuc.net.vn (2014). Giải mật thiết kế tàu chiến KBO-2000 Ngadành cho Việt Nam (Declassified the KBO-2000 design Russia made for Vietnam). Kienthuc.
kknews. (2018). The Philippine army throws out the equipment update wish list. Military.
Ladwig III, Walter C. (2012). Drivers of Indian Naval Expansion. In Pant, Harsh V. Ed. The Rise of the Indian Navy: Internal Vulnerabilities, External Challenges. Aldershot: Ashgate, 19-40.
Laude, J. (2016a). Noy mulls submarine force for Philippine defense. The Philippine Star.
Laude, J. (2016b). Japan to lease 5 surveillance aircraft to Philippines. The Philippine Star.
Leng, K. Y. (2013). The Significance of China-Malaysia Industrial Parks. ISEAS Perspective #37.
Lim, R. (1997). Speech at the Navy 20th Anniversary Parade. MINDEF Singapore.
Lu, S.-M. (2019). The turbulent navy arms race in South China Sea. Appledaily-Forum.
Malaysia’s National Defense Policy. (2015). Organization (Organizational Chart in Malay). Malaysian Armed Forces Headquarters.
Matthews, R. & Yip, T. (2013). The Push and Pull of Offset in the Development of Malaysia’s Defense and Security Technology Park. Defense Review Asia.
McDevitt, M. (2014). Small Navies in Asia: Small navies in Asia: the strategic rationale for growth. In Mulqueen, M., Sanders, D., & Spell, I. eds. Small navies: strategy and policy for small navies in war and peace. London and New York: Routledge, 266.
Miksic, J. N. (2013). Singapore and the Silk Road of the Sea 1300–1800. Singapore: NUS Press, 491.
Minh, H. B. (2016). India offers $500 million defense credit as Vietnam seeks arms boost. Reuters.
Ministry of Defense (Malaysia). (2010). Malaysia’s National Defense Policy. MOD-Malaysia.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (People’s Republic of China). (2014). Position Paper of the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Matter of Jurisdiction in the South China Sea Arbitration Initiated by the Republic of the Philippines. FMPRC.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (People’s Republic of China). (2016). Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China on the Award of 12 July 2016 of the Arbitral Tribunal in the South China Sea Arbitration Established at the Request of the Republic of the Philippines. FMPRC.
NAVAL Technology. (2019). Philippine prefers G2G approach to buy offshore patrol vessels. Philippine News Agency.
Nepomuceno, P. (2018). Phase 2 of AFP Modernization Program gets PRRD nod. Philippine News Agency.
Papstratigakis, N. (2011). Russian Imperialism and Naval Power: Military Strategy and the Build-Up to the Russo-Japanese War. London: I.B. Taurus, 352.
Percival, B. (2007). The Dragon Looks South: China and Southeast Asia in the New Century. Westport, CT: Praeger, 216.
Robison, R. & Hadiz, V. (2004). Reorganising Power in Indonesia:The Politics of Oligarchy in an Age of Markets. London and New York: Routledge Curzon, 328.
Schreer, B. (2013). Moving beyond ambitions? Indonesia’s military modernization. ASPI Strategy. Canberra: the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, 35.
Sebastian, L. C., Supriyanto, R. A. I. & Arsana, M. A. (2015). Beyond the Archipelagic Outlook: The Law of the Sea, Maritime Security and the Great Powers. In Christopher Roberts, Ahmad Habir & Leonard Sebastian eds. Indonesia’s Ascent: Power, Leadership, and the Regional Order. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 372.
SIPRI. (2020) SIPRI Databases (1960-2018). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
Sơn, A. (2014). Nga nâng cấp xong trực thăng săn ngầm cho Việt Nam (Russia finished its upgrade for Vietnam’s AWE helicopters). Thanhnien.vn.
Supriyanto, R. A. (2016). Developing Indonesia’s Maritime Strategy under President Jokowi. ASAN Special Forum.
Sutarji, Hj. & Kasmin, Hj. (2009). Maritime Law Enforcement Agencies and Auxiliary Security Agencies of Malaysia. In Abdul Razak Baginda ed., Malaysia’s Defense and Security Since 1957. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Strategic Research Centre, 226.
Teoh, S. (2016). Najib: deals with China don’t hurt sovereignty. The Straits Times.
Till, G. (2012). Asia’s Naval Expansion: An arms race in the making? London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 112.
Till, G. & Chan, J. (2014). Naval Modernisation in South-East Asia: Nature, causes and consequences. London and New York: Routledge, 4.
Till, G. & Supriyanto, R. A. (2018). Naval Modernisation in Southeast Asia: Problems and Prospects for Small and Medium Navies. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 126.
Torode, G. (2014). Vietnam building deterrent against China in disputed seas with submarines. Reuters.
Wijaya, M. A. (2014). DPR KritikPerintah Jokowi TenggelamkanKapalAsing Illegal (Parliament criticize Jokowi’s order to sink illegal fishing boats. Republika Online.
Wong, K. (2015). TKMS starts construction of Singapore’s Type 218SG submarines. Defense Studies.
Wood, I. ed. (2014). National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy: Charting the Course. Halifax: Dalhousie University, 76.