Journal of Social and Political

Sciences

ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

Published: 25 September 2020

Shared Identity as Social Capital in The Chinese-Javanese Relations in Malang City, Indonesia

Juli Astutik, Ruli Inayah Ramadhoan

University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

10.31014/aior.1991.03.03.224

Pages: 922-939

Keywords: Social Capital, Identity, Perception, Cross-Cultural Integration

Abstract

This article discusses the relations between Javanese and the Chinese identity in Malang City, Indonesia. How the perception of the two communities and how the social capital construct personal and social (shared) the identity of people's with different backgrounds in the city of Malang, East Java, Indonesia. This research is done with a qualitative approach. The subject of this research is the Chinese and Javanese community in Malang. Data collected by observation, interviews, documents, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The results showed that Javanese and Chinese people identified their identities based on physical and character conditions. The construction of shared identities through social capital between the two ethnicities as Malang’s resident has been able to attach them. Social capital is essential to create unity, coexistence, mutual need, and complement in daily life. Based on the findings, it can be recommended that to realize the integration of nations with various ethnic in Indonesia is needed to strengthen social capital (trust, value/norms, network cooperation) in various areas of life.

References

  1. Abdul Baqir Zein, 2000,  Ethnis Cina dalam Potret Pembauran di Indonesia, Prestasi Insan Indonesia, Jakarta

  2. Adam, Andi Nurlita, 2012, Membincang Kembali Masalah Etnisitas, Nasionalitas, dan Internasional di Indonesia, ATIKA, Volume 2 Nomor 2.

  3. Afif, A, 2012,  Identitas Tionghoa Musilm Indonesia: Pergulatan Mencari Jati Diri, Depok : Kepik.

  4. Anggaini, D., 2011, Does Multicultural Indonesia include its ethnic Chinese?, Wacana Vol.13, No.2 October 2011, 256-278.

  5. Astri, H, 2011, Penyelesaian Konflik Sosial Melalui Penguatan Kearifan Lokal, ASPIRASI, Jurnal Masalah Sosial Vol. 2, No, 2.

  6. Astutik, Juli, 2000, Problematika Pembauran Golongan Ethnis Cina-Jawa Kajian Literature dalamDimensi Sosial Budaya, DPPM-UMM Publication.

  7. , 2000, Ethnosentrisme Ethnis Tionghoa pengaruhnya terhadap perkawinan Campuran (Amalgamation) Studi tentang Asimilasi Perkawinan campuran antara Ethnis Jawa-Tionghoa di Kota Malang.

  8. , 2009, Perilaku Politik Elit Ethnis Tionghoa Pasca Reformasi, Jurnal Humaniora, Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Vol. 6 Nomer1, Malang, September 2010, ISSN:0216–8995.

  9. ________, 2015, Model Bauran Etnis Jawa-Tionghoa Berbasis Partisipasi Holistik dalam Upaya Meminimalisir terjadinya Konflik di Kota Malang, DPPM-UMM Publication.

  10. , 2016, Model Jejaring Penguatan Modal Sosial bauran masyarakat Tiionghoa-Jawa Berbasis Konstruktif-Produktif Menuju Intergrasi Bangsa di Jawa Timur, PDUPT Kemenristek Dikti Research, published in National Seminar Proceedings and Product Titles (SenasPro UMM, Oktober 2016)

  11. Coppel, C, 1994, Tionghoa Indonesia dalam krisis. Jakarta : Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

  12. Cox, Eva, 1995, A Truly Civil Society, Sydney: ABC Book.

  13. Cushman, J. & Gungwu, W, 1991, Perubahan Identitas Orang Cina di Asia Tenggara, Jakarta: Grafiti.

  14. Giblin, M.S, 2003,  Being Chinese and Indonesian: Chinese Organization in Post-Soeharto Indonesia (Ph.D. Thesis), Leeds: The University of Leeds.

  15. Greif, W. Stuart, 1991, WNI : Problematika Orang Indonesia Asal Cina, Grafiti, Jakarta.

  16. Haryanto, Bagus, 2011, Estimasi Parameter Integrasi Soal Etnis Tionghoa-Jawa di Yogyakarta dan Surakarta Pengembangan Model Hybrid, Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan.

  17. Hasbullah, Jousairi, 2006, Sosial Capital (Menuju Keunggulan Budaya Manusia Indonesia), Jakarta: MR United Press.

  18. Hendry Ar., Eka, 2013, Integrasi Sosial Dalam Masyarakat Multi Etnik, Jurnal Walisosngo, Vol. 21 Nomor 1, STAIN Pontianak.

  19. Jacques, M,  2011, When China Rules The World: Kebangkitan Dunia Timur dan Akhir Dunia Barat, Jakarta : Kompas.

  20. Jacobson, Beth, 2003, The Social Psychology of the Creation of a Sports Fan Identity: A Theoretical Review of The Literature. Athletic Insight, Volume 5, Issue 2, Juni 2003. h 236.

  21. Kusmayadi, Y., 1991, Jarak Sosial WNI Keturunan Cina di Lokasi Pecinan dan di Luar Pecinan (Studi Komparative), STKS Bandung.

  22. Mahfud, C. 2013 . Manifesto Politik Tionghoa di Indonesia, Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar.

  23. Muslim, Asrul, 2013.  Interaksi Sosial Dalam Masyarakat Multi Etnis, Jurnal Diskursus Islam, Vol. 1 Nomor 3.

  24. Poerwanto, Hari,  1999. . Asimilasi, Akulturasi, Dan Integrasi Sosial, HUMAIORA Journal ofCulture, Litarature, and Linguistics, Volume 11 Nomor3, FIBUGM.

  25. Purdey, J.  2006. Anti-Chinese Violence in Indonesia 1996-1999. Singapore: Singapore University Press.

  26. Salim, Agus, 2006. Stratifikasi Etnik, Kajian Mikro Sosiologi Interaksi Etnik Jawa dan Cina, Tiara Wacana, Yogyakarta.

  27. Soegiyono,  2006.  Metode Penelitian Kualitatif, CV Alfabeta, Yogyakarta.

  28. Suryadinata, L , 2002. Negara dan Ethnis Tionghoa : Kasus Indonesia, Jakarta : Pustaka LP3ES.

  29. ___________ 2007 . Understanding the Ethnic Chinese in South East Asia.Singapore: ISEAS.

  30. Wibowo, I. 2001. Harga Yang Harus Dibayar : Sketsa Pergaulan Etnis Cina di Indonesia. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

editorial@asianinstituteofresearch.org

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved