Journal of Social and Political
ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)
Published: 07 July 2020
The Credibility of Communicators as Leaders in the Peasant Movement
Aprilyanti Pratiwi, Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo, Endriatmo Soetarto, Nurmala K. Pandjaitan
IPB University (Indonesia)
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Credibility, Leader, Peasant Organization, Peasant Protest
One important aspect in the peasant movement is the existence of a leader figure. The peasant movement needs a communicator or leader figure with strong credibility and therefore, peasants want to join in the protest. A horrendous peasants protests was the self grave action carried out by the STTB peasants (The United Telukjambe Peasants Association). The peasant protest movement of STTB began when they were involved in a conflict with PT Pertiwi Lestari. PT Pertiwi Lestari claimed that the rice field land occupied and cultivated by STTB peasants was their own land in 2010 and the company asked the peasants to move from the rice field land. The research purpose is to identify the credibility of the STTB leaders in the peasant mobilization. The research is a qualitative research with case study approach. Data collected by interviewed three STTB leaders and three STTB peasants. The research findings show that the STTB leaders have initial credibility, i.e. the credibility related to social status and derived credibility, the credibility related to the leaders' competencies. Beside that, the leader of STTB also has character, competence, personality and dynamis. STTB leaders are generous, close to STTB members, and open-minded.
Beebe, S.A. & Susan J. Beebe (2005). Public Speaking Handbook (5th Edition). Pearson. New York.
Borras Jr., Marc Edelman, & Cristobal Kay. (2008). Transnational Agrarian Movements: Origins and Politics, Campaigns and Impact. Journal of Agrarian Change. Vol. 8 No. 2 and 3, pp. 169–204. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0366.2008.00167.x
Brown, J. (1974). Gandhi and India’s peasants, 1917–22. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 1(4), 462–485. doi:10.1080/03066157408437906
Cangara, H. (2014). Perencanaan & Strategi Komunikasi. [Communication planning and strategy]. PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.
Creswell, J.W. & Cheryl N. Poth. (2016). Qualitative Inquiry and research design: choosing among five approaches, 4thedition. Sage. New York.
Choudhury, N.H. (2013). Faraizi Movement and Zamindars of Nineteenth Century Bengal. Journal of International Studies, vol. 9, 113-128.
Das, A.N. (1982). Peasants and peasant organizations: The Kisan Sabha in Bihar. The Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol. 9(3), 40–87. doi:10.1080/03066158208438173.
Devito, J.A. (2012). Interpersonal Communication Book, 13th edition. Pearson. New York.
Gao, Y. (2015). Revolutionary Rural Politics. Modern China, 42(2), 162–187. doi:10.1177/0097700415618357
Ghildiyal, S. (2008). Leadership in nineteenth-century peasant movements: a historiography review. Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. Vol. 69, 665-673.
Goren, P. (2018). Effect of Leadership Styles on Employee Productivity at South Nyanza Sugar Company Limited, Migori County. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), Vol. 6(2), 428-432.
Hartoyo. 2010. Involution of the agrarian movement and the farmer’s fate. [Dissertation]. Bogor. IPB University.
Kumar, K. (1983). Peasants’ Perception of Gandhi and His Programme: Oudh, 1920-1922. Social Scientist, 11(2), 16. doi:10.2307/3517031.
Liliweri, A. (2010). Communication strategy of community. [Strategi Komunikasi Masyarakat]. LkiS. Yogjakarta.
Longworth, P. (1975) Peasant leadership and the Pugachev revolt. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 2:2, 183-205. doi.org/10.1080/03066157508437925.
Lund, C., & Rachman, N. F. (2016). Occupied! Property, Citizenship and Peasant Movements in Rural Java. Development and Change, 47(6), 1316–1337. doi:10.1111/dech.12263.
Mansyuri, M.R. (2019). The effect of organizational culture and leadership on employee performance in the general section of the regional secretariat of Kerinci Regency. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), Vol. 15(2), 90-97.
Mbogoh, E.W., Elegwa Mukulu, Ester Waiganjo. (2019). Project implementation in grass-root support non-governmental organizations in Kenya: is project leadership a determinant. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), Vol. 14(2), 286-289.
Mccroskey, J.C., & Thomas J. Young. (1981). Ethos and credibility: the construct and its measurement after three decades. Central States Speech Journal, volume 32, 24-36.
McKeon, N. (2009). Who speaks for peasants? Civil society, social movements and the global governance of food and agriculture. Interface: a journal for and about social movements. Volume 1(2), 48 – 82.
Namaganda, Justine, and Kimoga, Joseph (2018), Critical Reflection on the Nature of Campus Female Students’ Aspiration for Leadership Positions. In: Journal of Social and Political Sciences, Vol.1, No.2, 326-341. doi: 10.31014/aior.1991.01.02.23.
Nayak, AK. (2014). The Peasants’ Mobilization in Colonial Odisha under the Socialist Leadership. Journal of Education & Social Policy. Vol. 1(2), 1-9.
Pehrson C, Banerjee SC, Manna R, Shen MJ, Hammonds S, Coyle N, Krueger CA, Maloney E, Zaider T, Bylund CL. (2015), “Responding empathically to patients: Development, implementation, and evaluation of a communication skills training module for oncology nurses.” Journal Patient Education and Counseling, Vol. 99(4), 610–616.
Pratiwi, A., Sarwititi S., Endriatmo S., Nurmala P. (20191). Fantasy Themes in peasant movement. International Conference ACHITS 2019, July 30-31, Surabaya, Indonesia. https://eudl.eu/pdf/10.4108/eai.30-7-2019.2287573.
Pratiwi, A., Sarwititi S., Endriatmo S., Nurmala P. (20192). Strategi Komunikasi Gerakan Perlawanan Petani di Media Sosial (Studi Etnografi Virtual pada akun Instagram @jogja_darurat_agraria) [Communication Strategy of Farmer Resistance Movement in Social Media (Virtual Ethnographic Study on Instagram account @jogja_darurat_agraria)]. Jurnal Pekommas, Vol 4(2):165-176.
Ruslan, R., Bukamn Lian, Happy Fitria. (2020). The Influence of principal’s situational leadership and teacher’s professionalism on teachers performace. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), vol. 20(1), 135-143.
Scott, J.C. (1976). The Moral Economy of The Peasant. New Heaven: Yale University Press.
Sinamo, J., dan Santoso A. (2012). Credible Leader Visionary Leader(The Ethos Leadership). Grafika Mardi Yuana. Bogor.
Wahyudi. (2005). Formation and structure of farmers social movement, “reclaiming case study of PTPN XII Kalibakar Land, South Malang”. [Dissertation]. Depok. University of Indonesia.
Yin, R.K. (2009). Case study research: design and methods 4thedition. Sage. New York.
Zhang, W. (2015). Leadership, organization and moral authority: explaining peasant militancy in contemporary china. The China Journal. No. 73, pp. 59-83.