Journal of Social and Political
ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)
Published: 06 April 2020
The Function and Typology of the Padmasana Tiga Architecture in Besakih Temple, Bali Indonesia
Ida Bagus Idedhyana, Ngakan Putu Sueca, Ngakan Ketut Acwin Dwijendra, Ida Bagus Wira Wibawa
Udayana University, Indonesia
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Keywords: Traditional Balinese Architecture, Padmasana Tiga, Function and Typology
Padmasana architecture is part of traditional Balinese architecture, it is a sacred building that functions as God's sthana (place/position). The existence of symbols as religious expressions is very thick coloring the realization of padmasana architecture, a very diverse typology, and there are still many meanings that need to be expressed. Padmasana tiga is one of the most important types of padmasana buildings, manifested from three Padmasana, standing tall on a rectangular base. Its unique shape, different from other padmasana buildings, gives rise to diverse interpretations, thereby increasing the attractiveness of this building for research. Padmasana tiga is located in the main and largest temple in Bali, Besakih Temple, on the slopes of Mount Agung, Karangasem Regency, Bali Province. The purpose of this study is to reveal the padmasana tiga functions and their typology which are closely related to the teachings of Shiva Siddhanta, so that they can be better understood by the Hindu community in Bali and the wider community. In order to express its function and typology, a descriptive qualitative method was used, by observing, documenting and interviewing Hindu priests, intellectuals who understood the Shiva Siddhanta concept, and undagi (traditional Balinese craftsman). Padmasana tiga is the embodiment of the great soul of the universe, a vertical representation of God, a God in three different realms called 'Tri Purusa'. Judging from its layout which is in the middle of the mandala (zone) facing the entrance and at its peak there are 3 rongs (empty throne), this padmasana belongs to the type of padmasana kurung (brackets). Judging from the number of rongs and the number of palih (level), which amounted to 7, padmasana tiga including the type of padmasana anglayang.
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