Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Social and Political

Sciences

ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 26 July 2021

The Link Between the Type of Attachment and Religiosity

Toader Alina Mădălina, Vasiliu Alexandra, Constantinescu-Coban Raisa, Trifu Simona

University of Bucharest (Romania), “Spiru Haret” University (Romania), Romanian Society of Psychoanalysis (Romania), “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy (Romania)

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1991.04.03.300

Pages: 31-35

Keywords: Attachment, Religiosity, Oversized Parental Figure, Primary Figure, Representation, Maturation, Anxiety, Avoidance

Abstract

Motivation: This paper aims to show the central role of the notion of attachment in human behavior, the image of God in the representation of the believer as a parental figure and as an oversized attachment figure in the personal relationships, social and religious behavior. Methods: Scientific and comparative studies of different concepts from psychology of religion, social psychology, psychoanalytic theory, cognitive psychology as well as theory, research and behavioral studies. Results: Attachment to God seems to develop in a coordinated way with the maturation of attachment to the primary figure but also with the development of cognitive processes involved. In addition, in case of danger, loss and separation are validate the human and common response to approach God as a substitute figure of attachment, the intensification of religious activities. Conclusions: The need for attachment and attachment for religion is one of the prerogatives of survival, development and growth and it is present in all-important areas of the life, culture and in all societies. People who develop a secure attachment are less prone to become religious over time.

References

  1. Abbasi, A. R. K., Tabatabaei, S. M., Sharbaf, H. A., & Karshki, H. (2016). „Relationship of attachment styles and emotional intelligence with marital satisfaction.” Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, 10(3).

  2. Atkinson, R.L., Atkinson, R.C., Smith, E.E., Bem, D.J. and Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2000). Hilgard’s Introduction to Psychology (13th ed.). New York: Harcourt College Publishers.

  3. Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M. (1991). „Attachment styles among young adults: a test of a four-category model”. Journal of personality and social psychology, 61(2), 226.

  4. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: Vol. 2. Separation: Anxiety and anger. New York: Basic Books.

  5. Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.

  6. Bylsma, W. H., Cozzarelli, C., & Sumer, N. (1997). „Relation between adult attachment styles and global self-esteem”. Basic and applied social psychology, 19(1), 1-16.

  7. Cherniak, A. D., Mikulincer, M., Shaver, P. R., & Granqvist, P. (2020). „Attachment Theory and Religion”. Current Opinion in Psychology.

  8. Ferm, V. (1945). The encyclopedia of religion. Secaucus, NJ: Poplar.

  9. Foster, J. D., Kernis, M. H., & Goldman, B. M. (2007). „Linking adult attachment to self-esteem stability”. Self and Identity, 6(1), 64-73.

  10. Freud, S. (1927/1961). The future of an illusion. (J. Strachey, Trans.). New York: Norton.

  11. Golu, F. (2015). Manual de psihologia dezvoltării: o abordare psihodinamică. Polirom.

  12. Granqvist, P., & Hagekull, B. (2003). „Longitudinal predictions of religious change in adolescence: Contributions from the interaction of attachment and relationship status”. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 20, 793-817.

  13. Granqvist, P., & Kirkpatrick, L. A. (2016). „Attachment and religious representations and behavior”. In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (3rd ed., pp. 917-940). New York: Guilford Press.

  14. Granqvist, P., Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2020). „An attachment theory perspective on religion and spirituality”. The Science of Religion, Spirituality, and Existentialism, 175–186.

  15. Hampton, J. A., Passanisi, A., & Jönsson, M. L. (2011). „The modifier effect and property mutability”. Journal of Memory and Language, 64(3), 233-248.

  16. Kirkpatrick, L. A. (1994). „The role of attachment in religious belief and behavior”. In D. Perlman, & K. Bartholomew (Eds.), Advances in personal relationships (Vol. 5). London: Jessica Kingsley.

  17. Kirkpatrick, L. A. (1997). „A longitudinal study of changes in religious belief and behavior as a function of individual differences in adult attachment style”. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 36, 207-217.

  18. Passanisi, A., Gervasi, A. M., Madonia, C., Guzzo, G., & Greco, D. (2015). Attachment, self- esteem and shame in emerging adulthood. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 342-346.

  19. Tamayo, A., & Desjardins, L. (1976). „Belief systems and conceptual images of parents and God”. Journal of Psychology, 92, 131-140.

  20. Thouless, R. H. (1923). An introduction to the psychology of religion. New York: Macmillan.

  21. Ullman, C. (1982). „Change of mind, change of heart: Some cognitive and emotional antecedents of religious conversion”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 183-192.