Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Social and Political

Sciences

ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 22 April 2022

What is ‘Self-Help’? Self-Help Group Case-Study in Phnom Penh with Applying Most Significant Change Analyze

Taizo Yokoyama

National University of Laos

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1991.05.02.348

Pages: 68-83

Keywords: SHG, Self-Help Group, Most Significant Change, Cambodia, South-East Asia, Indochina

Abstract

The study explores the dynamism of Self-Help and Self-Help Groups in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, by drawing on multiple narratives of International Organizations, NGOs and Self-Help Groups (n=11). The research is qualitative in nature, conducting semi-structured interviews and attempts to depict the developmental processes of SHG with applying the originally customized Most Significant Change methodology. The result indicates ‘sangkhum’ (‘confidence’ and ‘hope’ in Khmer) is a key element for Self-Help spirit, which developed itself through encountering significant persons and social participation. It is also recognized that the concept of Self-Help ought to be grasped as a dynamism of continuum with listening-thinking-action in dialogical interaction with existing society fueled by passion for innovation (pathos of novelty).

References

  1. Ames, David. Burns, Alistair. and O'Brien, John. (2005). Dementia, Hodder Arnold, 3rd edition, p324-325.

  2. Atkinson, Rowland and Flint, John. (2001). “Accessing Hidden and Hard-to-Reach Populations: Snowball Research Strategies,” Sociology at Surrey, Social Research UPDATE 33, University of Surrey.

  3. Ban, Radu. Gilligan, Michael, J. and Rieger, Matthian. (2015). “Self-Help Groups, Savings and Social Capital, Evidence from a Field Experiment in Cambodia,” World Bank, Development Research Group Impact Evaluation Team, 2015, WPS7382.

  4. Bullen, D and Sokheang, H. (2015). Identification and effectiveness of self-help groups in Cambodia. Penang, Malaysia: CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems. Program Report: AAS-2015-11.

  5. Christenson, J. A. (1989). “Themes of community development,” p26-47. In Community Development in Perspective edited by J. A. Christenson, & J. W. Robinson. USA: Iowa State University Press.

  6. Greenall, Matthew. (2007). “Coordinating with Communities, Workshop Facilitation Notes,” ICASO International Council of AIDS Service Organizations.

  7. Davids, T.W. Rhys & Stede, W. (1959). The Pali Text Society's Pali-English dictionary. London : Published for the Pali Text Society by Luzac.

  8. Davies, R. & Dart, J. (2005). The ‘Most Significant Change’ (MSC) Technique. A Guide to its Use.

  9. Eschler, J & Pratt, W. (2017). "I'm so glad I met you": Designing Dynamic Collaborative Support for Young Adult Cancer Survivors, CSCW '17 Proceedings of the 2017 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, Portland, Oregon, USA:1763-1774.

  10. Gidron, B. Chesler, M. Chesney, B. K. (1991). “Cross-Cultural Perspective on Self-Help Groups: Comparison between Participants and Nonparticipants in Israel and the United States,” American Journal of Community Psychology, vol.19, No.5: 667-681.

  11. Gidron, B and Chesler, M. (1995). “Universal and Particular Attributes of Self-Help: A Framework for Internaitonal and Intranational Analysis,” in Self-Help and Mutual Aid Groups: International and Multicultural Perspectives, edited by Francine Laboie, Thomasina Borkman, Benhamin Gidron, New York, London: The Haworth Press, Inc.

  12. Hyman, D. (1990). "Six Models of Community Intervention: A Dialectical Synthesis of Social Theory and Social Action.” Sociological Practice, 8(1), article5.

  13. Le, T.H. Trinch, T. V. Cao, A. N. (2015). “Self-Help Groups for Human Trafficking Victims in Vietnam: An Innovative Program Model” in Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, Proceedings of The 3rdInternational Conference, vol1:70-77, edited by Helen Berents and John Scott, , Crime and Justice Research Centre, Faculty of Law Queensland University of Technology.

  14. Lennie, J. (2011). The Most Significant Change Techniquie, A manual for M&E staff and others at Equal Access, Equal Access Participatory Monitroing and Evaluation toolkit.

  15. Nayar, KR. Kyobutungi, C. Razum, O. (2012). "What future role in health care for low and middle-income countries?.” International Journal for Equity in Health, 2(1).

  16. Nicolai, J. Muller, N. Noest, S. Wilke, S. Schultz, J-H. Gleißner, C. A. Eich, W and Bieber, C. (2017). “To Change or Not to Change – That is the Question: A Qualitative Study of Lifestyle Changes Following Acute Myocardial Infarction,” Chronic Illness 0(0) 1–17, SAGE.

  17. Oka,T & Borkman, T. (2000). "The History, Concepts and Theories of Self-Help Groups: From an International Perspective.” The Japanese Journal of Occupational Therapy 34 (7), 718-722.

  18. Oka, T. (2003). “Self-Help Groups for Parents of Children with Intractable Diseases: A Qualitative Study of Their Organisational Problems,” Parkland, FL/ USA, Dissertation. com.

  19. Oka, T. (2013). "Self-Help Groups in Japan: Historical Development and Current Issues.” International Journal of Self-Help and Self Care, 7(2), 217-232. DOI: 10.2190/SH.7.2.g.

  20. Osborne, M. (1978). “Peasant Politics in Cambodia: The 1916 Affair,” Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2, Cambridge University Press.

  21. Pickens, M. (2004). Savings-Led and Self-Help Microfinance in Cambodia - Lessons Learned and Best Practices, PACT Cambodia.

  22. Pitt,H. Rasmey, A. Vimean, B. Rady, P. Channy, C . Thomas, K. (2012). “Self Help Groups and Parents/ Carers of Children with Disability – A participatory Action Research Initiative,” Komar Pikar Foundation in collaboration with interparty and CDMD, Australian AID.

  23. Pou, S. (1992). Dictionnaire vieux khmer-français-anglais : An old Khmer-French-English dictionary, Centre de documentation et de recherche sur la civilisation Khmére, (Bibliothèque khmère; série B, travaux et recherches; v. 3.

  24. Rothstein, I. (2014). “The Aid Trap: A theory developing study of foreign aid in post-conflictual Cambodia,” Spring.

  25. Serrat, O. (2009). The Most Significant Change Technique. Knowledge Solutions, Asian Development Bank, 2009.

  26. Yokoyama, T. (2016), ‘Problematizing Fragmentation of the Concept, Self-Help Group,’ Asian-Pacific Social Science Association. full-paper

  27. Vogt, W. P. (1999). Dictionary of Statistics and Methodology: A Nontechnical Guide for the Social Sciences, London: Sage.