top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Social and Political


ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
open access

Published: 12 April 2018

An Analysis of the Social Stability and Resolution of the Conflict Since Macao Sovereignty Returns to China

Yang Liao

South China Agricultural University, China

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf




Review-based on the basic situation of social stability since the return of Macao’s sovereignty to China, this paper discusses the manifestations, forms, and causes of social conflicts hidden behind the economic and social prosperity and stability of Macao, and analyzes the dissolution of social conflicts in Macao. The author holds that economic prosperity is accompanied by different social contradictions or conflicts and constitutes the normal state of Macao society since the return. From the point of view of the social conflict, Macao's social conflicts mainly include actual conflicts and non-real-life conflicts, primary group conflicts, and sub-group conflicts, and internal and external conflicts. The root causes are the dominance of Macau's gaming industry and the influence of community politics. There are mainly three ways to resolve the problem. Firstly, the government of the Macao Special Administrative Region Government of Macao spoke widely and listened to the public's voice through policy advice and publicity to maximize response to the people's livelihood. Secondly, keep pace with the times and communicate through online and offline messages to explain communications in a timely manner and eliminate negative impacts. Thirdly, the various departments of the Macao Special Administrative Region Government have made full use of the portal website of the Macao Special Administrative Region Government to respond to events with large impact, wide coverage and high degree of concern, timely release official opinions, guide public opinion, clarify facts, and reduce social conflict risks. However, to truly avoid the risk of conflict between the social security in Macao, social stability, and social stability, it is also necessary to build a structural protection system from the inside out and through the bottom-up and top-down Adaptation, through the meso-level of social stability to achieve a two-way integration of macro and micro. The main contribution of this article is based on the combing of local media in Macao, and from the perspective of social conflict theory, the relationship between the social conflict and social stability of Macao's sovereignty has been analyzed since the return of the sovereignty of the Chinese mainland.


Catherine H. Tinsley & Jeanne M. Brett,2001.Managing Workplace Conflict in the United States and Hong Kong.Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes,85,(2):360-381.

CCTV.2004. "Returning to Macau for Five Years," CCTV "Focus Interview," 2004-12-21.

Chen Kuan-sheng, 2012.“Urban Planning Should Both Respect Public Opinion and Analyze Public Opinion”, Macau News of Xinhua 2012-12-26.

Chun Geng.2015. "The social reforms are getting more and more rational," Macao Daily, 2015-07-31(A10).

Citizen Daily,2011. Chief Executive: Government decides to suspend land sales, Citizen Daily, 2011-04-11.

Dicky Lai,2010.The political economy of social security development in Macao.China Journal of Social Work.3,(1):65.

  Dicky W. L. Lai,2017.A comparative study of social assistance systems in Macao and Hong Kong.Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, 27,(1):39-52.

Hao,zhidong.2015.Social Stratification and Ethnic and Class Politics in Macao before and after the Handover in 1999.China: an International Journal, 13,(1):66-92.

Hu Jintao,2004.Speech on the 5th Anniversary of the Reunification of Macao (Full Text), Xinhuanet Macau, 2004-12-20.

Hu Jintao: "Speech at the Inaugural Ceremony for the Celebration of the 10th Anniversary of Macao's Return to the Motherland and the Third Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region", Beijing: People's Publishing House, 2009.

Hugh D. R. Baker,1993.Social Change in Hong Kong: Hong Kong Man in Search of Majority. China Quarterly, 136:864-877.

Huo Xiaoguang, Zhao Wei, Niu Qi,2014. "Xi Jinping attended the conference to celebrate the 15th anniversary of the return of Macao to the motherland and delivered an important speech,"Xinhuanet Macau, 2014-12-20.

Jinfa Liu, 2014. From social management to social governance: social conflict mediation in China. Journal of Public Affairs, 14(2): 93-104.

Li Qiong, “Government Management and Border Conflicts: Analysis of Groups, Organizations and Institutions in Social Conflicts," Beijing: Xinhua Publishing House, 2007.

Liu Taoxiong: "Social Conflict and Economic Growth: A Theoretical Framework," Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2008.

Luo Liwen,2015. Luo Liwen: "The government pays close attention to the issue of expired lease extensions," the website of the Macao Special Administrative Region, 2015-10-01.

Macau Daily

2015a. “Housing Policy Expert: Shortage of public housing to take care of over 55-year-old low income”, Macau Daily, 2015 -10-18(A10).

2015b. Gao Tianci's Election of the Portuguese Parliament Against the Basic Law, Macau Daily, 2015-10-17( A03).

2015c. Gao Tiancai: If the elected member of the Diet still stays in Macau, Macao Daily, 2015-10-05(C01).

2015d. "The Social Advisory Committee promoted the installation of Tianyan Baoan," Macau Daily , 2015-09-04( B01).

2015e. "Society Wing Eyes Anti-smuggling," Macau Daily, September 3, 2015-09-03( C06).

2015f. "The chief executive: Development is the most important and legal," Macao Daily, 2015-09-02(A06).

Macao News of Xinhua

2011. "The Chief Executive refuses to promise to build 40,000 public housing estates," Macao News of Xinhua, 2011-08-12.

2013a. "The Forum Calls for the Implementation of Macao and Macao," Macao News of Xinhua, 2013-02-04.

2013b. "Public Consultation Most People Oppose Xiwan Lake Project," Macao News of Xinhua, 2013-01-21.

Marjaana Gunkel,Christopher Schlaegel and Vas Taras,2016.Cultural values, emotional intelligence, and conflict handling styles:A global study.Journal of World Business,51: 568-585.

MSAR Economics and Financial Secretary's Office,2015. The MSAR Government reiterated its established gambling and labor policies and called on the industry to comply with it. The website of the Macau Special Administrative Region, 2015010-18.

MSAR Government Spokesperson's Office,2012. "Promoting the well-being of the people, based on long-term development," website of the Macao SAR Government Information Bureau, 2012-11-13.

MSAR Government Information Bureau,2015. "The Government's decision to recover unused land will be given priority to the construction of public housing," website of the Macau Special Administrative Region, 2015-10-19.

Macau Special Administrative Region, 2015. "The MSAR Government Values Residents' Housing Claims," website of the Macau Special Administrative Region, 2015-10-18.

Office of the Director of the Department of Administration and Justice of the Macao SAR,2015. "Director Chen Haifan's Visit to Group Exchanges and Administrative Views," website of the Macau Special Administrative Region, 2015-10-19.

Pan Guojun

2004a. "Ho Hau Wah: The Macao SAR has opened a new era in the past five years," Xinhuanet Macau, 2004-12-20.

2004b. "Public Security in Macao From "Not Being" to "Good,"", Macau, 2004-12-11.

Qi Pengfei,2014. "Creating a New Era of Economic Development in Macao," People's Daily, 2014-12-19.

Shen Danyang,2014. “About the Economic and Trade Development of the Mainland in the 15 Years of the Return of Macao”, the Ministry of Commerce held a regular press conference, the official website of the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China, 2014-12-16.

Statistics and Census Bureau of MSAR: Survey of Gaming Industry (2014).

Wai LeungLa,2008.The Regulatory Role of Social Policy: Macao's Social Security Development. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 38,(3):373-394.

Wang Hongyu & Pan Guojun,2004. Bai Zhijian spoke highly of the effective administration of the Macao SAR government, Xinhuanet Macau, 2004-12-14.

Wood, Andy, 2007. The Politics of Social Conflict. Cambridge University Press.

Xia Yun

2015a."Combating the safety of stowaways protecting the community", Macau Daily, 2015-09-03( B07).

2015b. "The election of the legislature to fix the gray block," Macau Daily, 2015-10-18( B07).


2009a. "The 10th Anniversary of the Return of Macao: The Numbers Look at Macao," Xinhuanet, 2009-12-19.

2009b. "Memorabilia of the 10th Anniversary of the Return of Macao to the Motherland", Xinhuanet, 2009-12-19.

Yu Zhen: "Community Culture and Community Politics in Macao - Concurrently Discussing Political and Transitional Democracy in Mass Organizations," "Status and Prospects of Macao Associations," Macau Development Strategy Research Center, 2000

Zhang Yanling,2014. "Achievement of Macao's 15 Years of Regression is Now at the Best Period of Historical Development", China Network, 2014-04-25.

Zhihunet,2015. To know the user: "Macau is a society without choice,", 2015-04-25. Http://

Zifeng,2015."Shelving disputes and seeking common development", Macau Daily, 2015-09-09(E07).

bottom of page