top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
open access

Published: 04 March 2024

A Qualitative Study on MBHTE-BARMM Supervisors’ Approaches to Achieving Work-Life Responsibilities

Asnaida T. Lampaco, Minerva-Saminah M. Naga, Wardah D. Guimba, Lotis B. Daguisonan

Mindanao State University, Philippines

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf



Pages: 133-147

Keywords: Work-Life Responsibilities, Phenomenological Study, Education Supervisors, Work-Life Balance


This study explores the approaches employed by supervisors in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) in attaining work-life responsibilities. Employing a qualitative study design, it delves into the experiences of the research participants in their strive to balance their professional roles with personal life commitments. Data collection involved in-depth interviews, observation, and narrative analysis, involving a sample of twenty-five (25) supervisors from diverse divisions and programs in the BARMM. The findings of the study unveil several crucial dimensions of the participants’ experiences and strategies. It becomes apparent that they experienced multitasking hence, learned to prioritize tasks which is a testament to the dynamic and multifaceted nature of their roles. In terms of strategies, the study reveals that they predominantly rely on time management and advance planning to deal with the balancing of work and personal life. Moreover, personal, and professional factors that affect their approach to achieving work-life balance include personal problems, inability to balance time, and commitment to work. The research participants also face specific challenges such as resource shortages and overwhelming workloads. This study further highlights the participants’ expected support from schools and districts through communication and mutual understanding. Based on the findings of the study, a model was generated. This model reveals three dimensions of work-life responsibilities namely (1) personal and professional responsibilities, (2) internal support, and (3) external support.


  1. Alonge, H. and Osagiobare, E. (2020), Single-parent teachers’ work-life balance and job among female teachers in Ghana. International Journal of Education Policy & Leadership, 15(7)

  2. Asfahani, A. (2021). Work-life balance and role conflict among academic staff in the Middle East: a review of literature. International Journal of Higher Education, 10(5), 111-118

  3. Baltes, B., Zhdanova, L., and Clark, A. (2011). Examining the relationships between personality, coping strategies, and work-family conflict. Journal of Business Psychology, 8(1), 517-530.

  4. Bargsma, S. (2000). The regular classroom as battle for inclusive special needs education. An assessment of options of special needs education in the commonwealth Caribbean. Education for All in the Caribbean: UNESCO.

  5. Baumgartner, M., and Schneider, D. (2010). Perceptions of women management: an analysis of razing the glass ceiling. Journal of Career Development, 4(6), 559-576.

  6. Bell, A., Rajendran, D., and Theiler, S. (2012). Job stress, wellbeing, work-life balance and work-life conflict among academics. Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology, 4(3), 25-37.

  7. Britton, B. & Glynn, A. (2013). Effects of Time Management Practices. Journal of Educational Psychology.85 (4):409-412: DOI: 10. 1048/0023-0667.84.4.409

  8. Creswell, J. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

  9. Dapiton, E., Quiambao, D., and Canlas, R. (2020). Parenting as a moderating factor for Good Leader. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(4), 1425-1434

  10. Denson, N. and Szelényi, K. (2022). Faculty Perceptions of Work-Life Balance: The Role of School Head. Higher Education, 83(2), 261-278

  11. Dulay, S. (2022). Teachers’ Work-Life Balance in Emergency Remote Teaching. Asian Journal of Distance Education, Japan. (3)4, 105-110

  12. Dux, P. (2014). Succinct Survey Measures of Web-Use Skills. Social Science Computer Review.

  13. Edwards, A. and Oteng, R. (2019). Attaining Work-Life Balance and Modeling the Way among female Teachers in Ghana. International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership, 15(7), 1-18

  14. Eilam, B. and Aharon, I. (2003). Students Planning in the Process of Self-Regulated Learning. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 28(9), 304-334. 476X (02)00042-5

  15. Encila, R. and Madrigal, P. (2021). Balancing Work-Family Roles: The Experiences of Solo Parent School Administrators. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 20(10), 100-107, ISSN: 2668-7798

  16. Gafman, D. (2013). Search engine use. Washington, DC: Pew Internet and American Life Project. Search-Engine-Use.aspx.

  17. Giorgi, A. (2012). The descriptive phenomenological psychological method. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 4(43), 3-12

  18. Grissom, J., Loeb, S., and Mitani, B. (2015). Effective instructional time use for school leaders’ longitudinal evidence from observations of principals. Educational Researcher. doi: 0010189x1351020

  19. Hall, B. and Hursch, D. (1982). An Evaluation of The Effects Of A Time Management-Training Program On Work Efficacy. Journal of Organizational Behaviour Management, 3(5), 73-98.

  20. Hausman, C., Nebeker, A., McCreary, J., and Donaldson, G. (2002). The work life of the assistant principal. Journal of Education Administration, 40(23), 136-157

  21. Hinds, M. (2022). Crossing Over To Assistant Principal: A Phenomenological Study. Unpublished Dissertation. Liberty University, Virginia, USA

  22. Kamran, A., Zafar, S., and Ali, S. (2014). Impact of work-life balance on employees’ performance. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 2(2), 98-100

  23. Kandemir, A. and Nartgün, S. (2022). The role of distance education in teachers' work-life. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 2(1), 87-89

  24. Kochung, F. (2011). Role of Higher Education in Promoting Inclusive Education. Kenya Perspective. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 2(3), 144-1449

  25. Lesher, J. (2012). Supervisor Job Description.

  26. Li, T. and Ye, W. (2022). Burnout among Administrative Staff. Organizational Development Journal, 4(2), 88-89

  27. Macan, T. H. (1994). Time management: Test of a Process Model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79, 381-391.

  28. Manafa, J. (2019). Culturally responsive school leadership. Handbook of School Leadership, 5(4), 85. Washington: American Psychological Association

  29. Marsh-Girardi, L. (2011). Administrator Negotiate Work-Family Conflicts in Changing Times: An Intergenerational Perspective. Educational Administration Quarterly, 2(2), 741-776

  30. Mayaer, M. (2022). Indeed Uk Operations Ltd. Farringdon London.

  31. McBrayer, J. S., Pannell, S. Sasser, A., Fallon, K., and Evans, K. (2020). School leadership. The International Journal of Higher Education Research, 93(5), 261-279 DOI: 10.1063/0071425578

  32. Mendis, M. and Weerakkody, W. (2017). The impact of work life balance on employee performance with reference to telecommunication industry in Sri Lanka: A mediation model. Kelaniya Journal of Human Resource Management, 12 (1).

  33. Mohammadi, G. (2010). Time Management and Its Components among Islamic Azad University students. Social Research Quarterly, 2(6), 57-73

  34. Oishi, S., & Westgate, E. C. (2022). A psychologically rich life: Beyond happiness and meaning. Psychological

  35. Review, 129(4), 790.

  36. Oleszewski A., Shoho A., and Barnett B. (2012). The Development of Assistant Principals: A Literature Review. Journal of Educational Administration, 50(3): 264-286

  37. Owoko, I. (2010). The Role of Advocacy in Enhancing Equalization of Opportunities for People. Paper presented in Leonard Cheshire workshop in Kisumu, Kenya.

  38. Oyugi, N. and Nyaga, M. (2010). Introduction to Contemporary Issues Affecting Education. Kenya Institute of Special Needs.

  39. Persson, G. and Håkansson, K. (2018). Work Life Balance – A Question of Income and Gender? A qualitative study about Work Life Balance and affecting factors in the Philippines. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Karlstad Business School, Sweden

  40. Puri, M. and Abraham, G. (2004). Inclusive Education. Sage Publication Ltd Mohan Co-operative Industrial Aea

  41. Raabe, M. (2021). Work-Life Balance: The Phenomenological Experiences of Faculty. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 38(4), 82-92

  42. Rao, P. and Mohan, A. (2008) Perceptual Factors in Quality of Work-Life of Indian Employees. Management and Labour Studies, 33, 373-383.

  43. Rath, L. (2020). A Phenomenological Study of Administrators’ Shared Experiences of Restructuring In Virginia Schools. Liberty University, Virginia, USA

  44. Rawal, D. (2023). Work Life balance among female school teachers [k-12] delivering online research productivity and work-life balance: Evidence from Philippine women academics. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(4), 1425-1434.

  45. Robertson, J. (2016). Learning Leadership for Principalship. New Zealand Education Review, 7(2), 14

  46. Sahito, Z., Khawaja, M., Panhwar, U. M, Siddiqui, A., and Saeed, H. (2016). Teachers’ time management and the performance of students: A Comparison of government and private schools of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. World Journal of Education, 6(6), 42-50.

  47. Sarwar, S., Aslam, H., and Rasheed, M. (2012). Hindering factors of beginning teachers' high performance in higher education Pakistan. International Journal of Educational Management, 26 (1), 27-38.

  48. Selzer, R., Howton, A., and Wallace, F. (2017). Rethinking Women’s Leadership Development: Voices from the Trenches. Administrative Sciences, 7(2), 1-20. doi:10.3390/admsci7020018

  49. Sirgy, M., and Lee, D. (2020). Work-life balance: An Integrative Review. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 13(1), 229-254. Doi: 10.1007/s11482-017-9509-8

  50. Smith, G., Minor, M., Brashen, H., and Remaly, K. (2017). Successful instructional leadership styles in education. Journal of Instructional Research,6(1), 46-52. doi:10.9743/jir.2017.8

  51. Soomro, A., Breitenecker, R., and Shah, S. (2018). Relation of Work-Life Balance, Work Family Conflict and Family-Work Conflict with the Employee Performance-Moderating Role of Job Satisfaction. South Asian Journal of Business Studies, 29

  52. Sriyono, H. (2017). The Effect of Emotional Intelligence and Student Learning Interest on the Achievement of Economic Learning at Madrasah Aliyah in Indonesia. International Journal Environmental Science Education, 12(10), 2177–2183

  53. Talukder, A. (2019). Supervisor Support and Organizational Commitment: The Role of Work– Family Conflict, Job Satisfaction, and Work–Life Balance. Journal Employee Counselling. 56(3), 98–116, Academic Research,

  54. Wambui, B., Cherotich, C., Emily, T. and Dave, F. (2017). Effects of Work Life Balance on Employees’ Performance In Institutions of Higher Learning. A Case Study of Kabarak University. Kabarak Journal Research Innovation, 4(2), 60–79

  55. Whitehead, T. and Kotze, M. (2003). Career and Life-Balance of Professional Women: A South African Study. Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(4), 77-84

  56. Wilk, K. (2013). Work-life Balance for Administrators in the Academy: under Ideal Worker Pressure. Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs). 1849. New Jersey, USA

  57. Yang, D. (2020). Work-To-Family Conflict and Life Satisfaction: The Moderating Role of Type of Employment. Applied Research in Quality of Life. International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, 12 (1), 115-130

  58. Yusuf, S., & Khan, D. S. (2015). Work Life Balance in Relation to Well-Being of Religious and Non-Religious Employees. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 2(3), 200-212. ISSN, 2348-5396.

bottom of page