top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
open access

Published: 05 August 2022

Exploring Problems of Moms with Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder during COVID-19

Hasan Hüseyin Yıldırım, Atajan Rovshenov

Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University (Turkey), İzmir Bakırçay University (Turkey)

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf



Pages: 142-151

Keywords: COVID-19, Pandemic, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Special Education


The COVID-19 pandemic, which emerged in 2019, disrupted global education and training activities. During the epidemic, online education has replaced face-to-face education. During the epidemic, the routines of all families and their children have changed. This situation adversely affected the lives of both families with normally developing children and families with children with special needs. Significantly during the pandemic process, the workload of mothers has increased. From this point of view, the research aims to reveal the problems experienced by the mothers of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic. For this purpose, the opinions of 20 mothers who had a child diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and participated in the study voluntarily were taken. The case study design was used as a qualitative research approach. In the study, data were collected by voice recording through semi-structured interviews, one of the qualitative data collection techniques. The obtained data were written down, checked and analyzed through descriptive analysis. According to the study, mothers stated that their children were bored at home and wanted to go out; they encountered behavioral problems and forgot what their children learned at school. They reported that their children spend more time with digital tools such as phones, tablets, and computers. They stated that they could not get feedback from the online courses, the courses were not organized according to individual differences, they had connection problems, and they could not benefit enough due to a lack of resources. All the mothers who participated in the interview emphasized that they wanted the education to be face-to-face.


  1. Altın, D. (2014). Examination of mothers' experiences regarding the transition from preschool to primary school for their children with special needs. (Unpublished Master Thesis). Eskişehir: Anadolu University.

  2. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-V). American Psychiatric Pub.

  3. Alexander, R., Ravi, A., Barclay, H., Sawhney, I., Chester, V., Malcolm, V., Brolly, K., Mukherji, K., Zia, A., Tharian, R., Howell, A., Lane, T., Cooper, V., ve Langdon, P. E. (2020). Guidance for the treatment and management of Covid-19 among people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 17(3), 256-269. doi:10.1111/jppi.12352

  4. American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.

  5. Asbury, K., Fox, L., Deniz, E., Code, A., ve Toseeb, U. (2021). How is COVID-19 affecting the mental health of children with special educational needs and disabilities and their families?. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 51(5), 1772-1780. doi:10.1007/s10803-020-04577-2

  6. Bogdan, R. C. ve Biklen, S. K. (2007). Qualitative research for education: an introduction to theory and methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

  7. Bozkurt, A., ve Sharma, R. C. (2020). Emergency remote teaching in a time of global crisis due to CoronaVirus pandemic. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(1), i-vi. doi:10.5281/zenodo.3778083

  8. Can, E. (2020). Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic and its pedagogical reflections: Open and online education practices in Turkey. Açıköğretim Uygulamaları ve Araştırmaları Publishing, 6(2), 11-53.

  9. MEB, (2020). Minister Selçuk announced the measures taken in the field of education against the coronavirus. Web: accessed from.

  10. Dikici Sığırtmaç, A. ve Deretarla Gül, E. (2010). Preschool special education.Ankara: Kök Publishing.

  11. Fiorillo, A., ve Gorwood, P. (2020). The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and implications for clinical practice. European Psychiatry, 63(1), 1-2. doi: 10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.35.

  12. Duncan, A. W., & Bishop, S. L. (2015). Understanding the gap between cognitive abilities and daily living skills in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders with average intelligence. Autism, 19(1), 64-72.

  13. Hayek, L., & McIntyre, N. (2019). Supporting independence in daily living skills. Autism at-a glance. Center on Secondary Education for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

  14. Heward, W. L., Alber-Morgan, S. A., & Konrad, M. (2017). Exceptional children: An introduction to special education (11th edition). Pearson.

  15. Hughes, N., ve Anderson, G. (2020). The experience of the COVID-19 pandemic in a UK learning disability service: lost in a sea of ever changing variables–a perspective. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 0(0) 1-4. doi:10.1080/20473869.2020.1773711

  16. İnce, M., & Yıkmış, A. (2021). Opinions and recommendations of academics training special education teachers about applicability of integration in Turkey. International Education Studies, 14(11), 54-74.

  17. Karabulut, A. (2021). Investigating the concern level of special education teachers regarding their own children. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 13(4), 535-548.

  18. Karataş, S. (2003). Equality of learning experiences in face-to-face and online education. Eğitim Bilimleri ve Uygulama 2,(3), 91-104.

  19. Karip, E. (2020). COVID-19: School closures and beyond. adresinden erişilmiştir.

  20. McConnell, D., ve Savage, A. (2015). Stress and resilience among families caring for children with intellectual disability: Expanding the research agenda. Current Developmental Disorders Reports, 2(2), 100-109. doi:10.1007/s40474-015-0040-z

  21. Mc Leod, T. (1993). Social-Behavioral characteristics. learning disabled: Best practices for professionals. Stoneham: Andover Medical Publishers.

  22. Patel K. (2020). Mental health implications of COVID-19 on children with disabilities. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 54, 102273. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102273

  23. Petretto, D. R., Masala, I., ve Masala, C. (2020). Special educational needs, distance learning, inclusion and COVID-19. Education Sciences 10(6), 154. doi:10.3390/educsci10060154

  24. Picciani, B., Bausen, A. G., Michalski Dos Santos, B., Marinho, M. A., Faria, M. B., Bastos, L. F., ve Dziedzic, A. (2020). The challenges of dental care provision in patients with learning disabilities and special requirements during COVID-19 pandemic. Special care in dentistry: Official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry, 40(5), 525–527. doi:10.1111/scd.12494

  25. Rosen, L. D., Lim, A., Felt, J., Carrier, L. M., Cheever, N. A., Lara-Ruiz, J., ve Rokkum, J. (2014). Media and technology use predicts ill-being among children, preteens and teenagers independent of the negative health impacts of exercise and eating habits. Computers in Human Behavior, 35 (2014), 364–375. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.01.036

  26. Sarıhan, C. (2007). Examining the perceptions of family functions and loneliness levels of mothers with and without a disabled child. (Unpublished Master Thesis). Ankara: Ankara University.

  27. Scruggs, T. E., ve Mastropieri, M. A. (2004). Research in secondary schools. Advances in learning and behavioral disabilities. St. Louis: Elsevier.

  28. Sönmez, S., Karabulut, H. A., Kot, M. & Çifci Tekinarslan, İ. (2018). The review of single subject researches in the field of teaching social skills with ındividuals with ıntellectual disabilities in Turkey. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education, 7(2), 429-455.

  29. Tsibidaki, A. (2021). Anxiety, meaning in life, self-efficacy and resilience in families with one or more members with special educational needs and disability during COVID-19 pandemic in Greece. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 109(2021) 103830 doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2020.103830

  30. Toran, M., Ulusoy, Z., Aydın, B., Deveci, T. ve Akbulut, A. (2016). Evaluation of mothers' views on children's use of digital games.Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 24(5), 22–63.

  31. United Nations Children's Fund (2020b). COVID-19 response: Considerations for children and adults with disabilities. UNICEF:New York adresinden erişilmiştir.

  32. Yaman, B. (2021). Investigation of online education processes and practices in Turkey and China during the Covid-19 pandemic. OPUS Toplum Araştırmaları Publishing. 17(Pandemic Special Issue), 145-157. doi:10.26466/opus.857131

  33. Yıldız, S. (2019). Relationships between depression, anxiety and marital adjustment in parents of children aged 7-12 years with a special learning disability (Unpublished Master Thesis). Lefkoşa: Yakın Doğu University.

  34. Yıldırım, A. ve Şimşek, H. (2018). Qualitative research methods in the social sciences. Ankara: Seçkin Publishing.

  35. Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research design and methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

bottom of page