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Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

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open access

Published: 09 December 2018

Oral Motor Difficulties and Speech Intelligibility in Bangla Speaking Children with Down syndrome

Mohammad Kamrujjaman

State College of Health Sciences, Bangladesh

journal of social and political sciences
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Background: Many children with Down syndrome have low intelligibility due to oral motor problems and some related factors. Purposes: The present study was conducted to find out the oral motor difficulties and speech intelligibility in Bengali speaking children with Down syndrome. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out by a structured parental questionnaire with an Intelligibility Context Scale (ICS). Among 82 children with DS comprising 42 boys and 40 girls took part in this study. Results: The Maximum (41.5%) age range was 9-13 years old (41.5%) where a greater percentage (82.9%) of children with DS had delayed speech and most of them developed one word at 3 years old. The majority (40.7%) of the DS was reported with large or big tongue. Results also indicated that a high percentage of the children with DS had not a good oral motor movement. However, there were significant relationship (P=.019<0.05, .010<0.05, .003<0.05) between oral motor difficulties with lip, tongue, and jaw movement, but there was not a significant relationship between gender and intelligibility scale. Highly significant relationship (P= 0.000<0.05) was found between oral motor difficulties and speech intelligibility and positive co-relation (P= 0.040<0.05) initiated between age and speech intelligibility score. Conclusion: A high prevalence (72%) of oral motor difficulties was found in Bangla speaking children with DS & oral motor control, speech delay and oral cavity structure were the responsible factors to interrupt speech intelligibility.


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