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Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

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open access

Published: 18 May 2020

Perceived Service Quality, a Key to Improved Patient Satisfaction and Loyalty in Healthcare Delivery: The Servqual Dimension Approach

Geoffrey Bentum-Micah, Zhiqiang Ma, Wenxin Wang, Sampson A. Atuahene, Victor Bondzie-Micah

Jiangsu University (China), University of Science and Technology of China (China)

journal of social and political sciences
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Pages: 185-195

Keywords: Private Health/Clinic, Service Quality, Patient Loyalty, Satisfaction, PLS-SEM


Hospital’s perceived service quality is a degree of discrepancy between patients’ perceptions and their expectations about hospitals services. The quality of services which is provided by healthcare providers emphasizes the actual hospital service process. In the hospital, patients’ satisfaction and hence loyalty could be widely used to determine hospital service quality. The study adopted a regression and path analysis utilizing SmartPLS V3.2.8; a second-generation multivariate data analysis method (PLS-SEM) approach to analyze the influence of perceived quality of services of hospitals on patient’s satisfaction and loyalty based on the SERVQUAL dimensions. The study used data from (562) out-patients who had received services from (4) four major private hospitals in Ghana using purposive census sampling technique. Based on the analysis results, all five dimensions of the health services quality predictor of patients’ level of satisfaction and loyalty to the hospital’s services, explained that patients’ satisfaction and loyalty was affected by all dimensions of health service quality (RATER) simultaneously. Nonetheless, different impacts will be obtained if all dimensions were measured separately. The study incited that patients’ satisfaction and loyalty are influenced by the quality of medical/hospital services through its five components: reliability, assurance, tangibility, empathy and responsiveness.


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