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Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

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open access

Published: 13 January 2024

Prevalence, Clinical Profile, and Outcomes of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Pediatric Patients at the Intensive Care Unit of King Fahad Hospital, Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia

Abdulmajid Almawazini, Sami Ahmed Taha, Abdurabu A Abdullah, Ahmed Fahmy Soliman, Mouid Mohammed, Abdulraheem A Alghamdi, Mohammed Othman Alghamdi

King Fahad Hospital Albaha, Saudi Arabia

journal of social and political sciences
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Pages: 25-29

Keywords: Children, Diabetes Ketoacidosis, Type1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM), Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)


Introduction: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a severe acute complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) leading to pediatric morbidity and complications. Objectives: Analyze the prevalence, clinical profiles, and outcomes of DKA in children. Methodology: This retrospective cohort study explored the diabetic ketoacidosis in type I diabetes mellitus at the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit at King Fahad Hospital at Albaha, Saudi Arabia, between January 2022 and December 2023. Participants included children aged < 14 years. Data were collected from medical records of all admitted patients. The main outcomes were the average time needed to recover from DKA, and patient survival rates. Results: Total of 180 DKA cases were reviewed, and observed that 68.3% were recurring cases of type 1 diabetes mellitus admitted to PICU due to poor treatment adherence. The remaining 31.7% were newly diagnosed as diabetes mellitus due to the onset of DKA. The average patient age was 8.9 ([4.0]) years, with females representing two-thirds of this cohort. The most frequent precipitating factors were non-adherence to treatment (90%) and previous infections (10%). Common symptoms included abdominal pain (78.3%), as the principal source of decompensation. Conclusion: Recognizing characteristic symptoms is vital for early diagnosis, emphasizing the importance of a timely and well-structured management approach for improved outcomes, reduced morbidity, improved recovery times, and shortened hospital stays. Moreover, no deaths were reported in this study.


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