top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.09 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.02 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.57 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.52 AM.png
open access

Published: 13 December 2018

Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Among Pregnant Women: Are We Winning the War?

A.S. Ibama, S. Kimanyieke, P. Dennis, T. Timothy

Federal University of Technology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, T. Rivers State Primary Health Care

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf




The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevalence in prenatal clinic indicates that the gap in HIV prevalence between sub-regions of Africa is not reducing but widening. No evidence suggests that pregnancy accelerate the progression of HIV infection to AIDS in women, but pregnancy in HIV infected mothers are more likely to result in prematurity, intrauterine growth retardation, spontaneous abortion, and prenatal death. The aim was to determine the prevalence of HIV infection among pregnant women attending a rural primary health center for care. The study was designed as cross-sectional survey and case series using 80 pregnant women, randomly selected among those attending Antenatal care in a primary health center in Local Government Area in Rivers State, Nigeria. Descriptive method was used to represent the characteristics of the subjects and the differences in HIV infection among subjects analyzed using frequencies and percentages. The findings showed that out of 80 subjects studied; (14%) were HIV positive, (86%) were HIV negative; knowledge of risk factors identified were unprotected sex with sex partner/s (39%); existence of other sexually transmitted infection (33%); sharing of sharp instrument (17%); transfusion of unscreened blood (11%). Conclusion, the majority of the women had good knowledge of awareness on HIV infection and control using medication; which is a sound basis for the epidemiology, outcome, and effectiveness in prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in such a rural setting, considering socio-demographic factors. Awareness creation on risk factors of HIV/AIDS, lifestyle changes and adherence


  1. Agbogborbia, T. (2002). An assessment of the awareness, attitude and anticipated practice regarding HIV/AIDS in women attending ANC in Lagos. Medline 2002; 11: 9-11.

  2. Agida, E.T.; Abu, P.; Echikwonye, M.; Hwande, T.S.; Ayeni, H. A.D. and Swende, T.Z. (2010). HIV Prevalence among Clients Attending Antenatal Clinic at the Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, Nigeria. Nigerian Medical Journal, 19,295-297.  

  3. Charles, A.; Tinuada, O.; Jonah, M.; Mercy, I.; Ifechi, A. and Christian, I. (2016). HIV Prevalence amongst Pregnant Women Clients Attending Antenatal Clinic at the Faith Alive Foundation and PMTCT Centre, Jos, Plateau State. World Journal of AIDS, 6,59-64.

  4. Cherinet, Y.; Berihu, A.; Bekele, A.; Biadgilign, S.; Taye, B. and Tsegaye, A. (2013). Trend of HIV Prevalence among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Unit of Bishoftu Hospital, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Medical Journal, 51, 169-176.

  5. Eaton, J.W.; Rehle, T.M.; Jooste, S.; Nkambule, R.; Kim, A.A.; Mahy, M. and Hallett, T. B. (2014). Recent HIV prevalence trends among pregnant women and all women in sub-Saharan Africa: implications for HIV estimates. AIDS 2014, 28 (Suppl 4): S507-S514

  6. Eze, N.C. and Onwasigwe, C.N. (2017). Knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission and Risk Perception among Antenatal Care Attendees in Abakaliki, Southeast Nigeria. International STD Research and Reviews 5(1): 1-8, 2017; Article N0. ISRR. 31495.

  7. Federal Ministry of Health (FMH), (2012). National Reproductive and Health Survey Plus (NARHS PLUS). 8-11.

  8. Ibrahim, I. A.; Owoeye, G. I. and Obilahi, A. (2013). The Burden of HIV infection among women attending Antenatal Clinic in a semi-urban Nigeria Town. West Indian Medical Journal, 62, 323-328.

  9. Igwegbe, A.O. and Ilika, A. L. (2005). Knowledge and Perception of HIV/AIDS and mother-to-child transmission among antenatal mothers at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Hospital Nnewi. Journal of clin. Pract. 2005, 8 (2):97-101.

  10. Isichie, C. et al. (2015). High Rate of HIV Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors among Rural Pregnant Women in North Central Nigeria. America Journal of Health Research, 3, 18-23.

  11. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Report on global AIDS epidemics, 2010.

  12. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, unpublished estimates, 2010.

  13. National HIV and AIDS Sentinel Sero-prevalence Survey in Nigeria (2014).

  14. NPHCDA, (2012). National Guidelines for Development of Primary Health Care System in Nigeria. 4th ed. Danmori Nigeria Limited. Abuja.

  15. Okafor, C.T.; Dinmoke, V.O.and Udigwe, G.O. (2014). Awareness of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection among Antenatal Clients in Nnewi, Nigeria. Nigerian Medical Journal, 23. 20-25.

  16. World Health Organization, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, United Nations Children’s Fund. Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the Health Sector. Progress report, 2010.

bottom of page