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Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Law and Humanities
Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2827-9735

Judge Gavel
 Scales of Justice
City Crowds
People in Library
open access

Published: 06 March 2023

Independent Learning-Independent Campus: From the Perspective of Justice and Utilitarian Theories

Suratman, Umi Salamah, Sulaisyah Amini, Fitria Dewi Navisa

Universitas Islam Malang (Indonesia), SMK Negeri 3 (Indonesia)

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
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Pages: 34-43

Keywords: Independent Learning Independent Campus, Justice Theory, Utilitarian Theory


The Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 3 of 2020 implies that learning experience should be able to build characters of graduates in both hard skills and soft skills as expected by learners, the needs of the users, and the development of science and technology. The government set a policy of Independent Learning-Independent Campus, or commonly known as Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka, to set graduates ready to compete in the real career world. This concept was initiated by the government parallel to the theoretical perspective, giving students their rights to study outside their study programs in or outside the university; this is reckoned as a learning activity outside the university. From the perspective of utilitarian theory, this concept, set forth in the Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 3 of 2020, is intended to give countless benefits to university students as a whole to help them construct their hard and soft skills and to set them prepared to adjust to current development.


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