Journal of Health and Medical Sciences
Published: 10 May 2021
Assessment of Household Work as Compensation for Physical Activity Deficit Amongst Older Adults in a Nigerian Urban Setting
Eucharia O. Ejechi, May O. Esiri
Delta State University, Nigeria
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Household Chores, Yard Work, Physical Activity, Older Adults, Urban Centre
Urban older adults tend to be physically inactive and often remain indoors. Household work of a sample of 300 urban-dwelling adults (50-65 years) from a Nigerian state capital was therefore investigated for physical activity (PA) levels. Questionnaire on participation in household tasks, time and days/week for the tasks, awareness of health benefits of PA and household work as exercise was used. Greater participation occurred in household chores than outdoor/yard work (70.0 vs 44.0%) while participation varied with specific chores (55.0-70.0%) and yard work (28.7-34.0%). Gender, education, age and living with spouse or children/helper were associated with performance of household chores (P<0.05) as well as with yard work except living with spouse. Prevalence of low-intensity household PA was high with only 0.9-13.8% attaining moderate-intensity level and no vigorous-intensity. Low prevalence of awareness of PA health benefits (32.3%) and household work as exercise (14.4%) was observed, but were related to good performance of household work (OR, 1.50-1.55; CL, 0.55-3.54). The finding that 13% of the respondents attained moderate-intensity PA indicated the potential of household work to compensate for the absence of other physical activities. Thus public health campaigns based on household work as exercise in a gender sensitive African society becomes necessary.
Abula, K., Gröpel, P., Chen, K. & Beckmann, J. (2018). Does knowledge of physical activity recommendations increase physical activity among Chinese college students? Empirical investigations based on the transtheoretical model. Journal of Sport and Health Science 7, 77–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2016.10.010
Adeniyi, A. F., Odukoya, O. O., Oyeyemi, A. L., Adedoyin, R. A., Ojo, O. S., Metseagharun, E. & Akinroye, K. K. (2016). Results From Nigeria’s 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children andYouth. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 13(2), S231 -S236. http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2016-0305
Akarolo-Anthony, S. N. & Adebamowom C. A. (2014).Prevalence and correlates of leisure-time physical activity among Nigerians.BMC Public Health, 14, 529. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-529.
Ashton-Shaeffer, C. & Constant, A. (2006). Why do older adults garden? Activities, Adaptation & Aging. 30,1–18.
Assah, F., Mbanya, J. C., Ekelund, U., Wareham, N. & Brage, S. (2015). Patterns and correlates of objectively measured free-living physical activity in adults in rural and urban Cameroon. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.10, 1–8. doi:10.1136/jech-2014-205154.
Azevedo, L. M., Chiavegato, L. D., Carvalho, C. R. F., Braz, J. R., Cabral, C. M. N. & Padula, R. S. (2020). Are blue-collar workers more physically active than white collar at work? Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, Doi:10.1080/19338244.2020.1835
Barr, A. L., Partap, U., Young, E. H., Agoudavi, K., Balde, N., Kagaruki, G. B., Mayige, M. T., Longo-Mbenza, B., Mutungi, G., Mwalim, O., Wesseh, C. S., Bahendeka, S. K., Guwatudde, D., Jørgensen, J. M. A., Bovet, P., Motala, A. A. & Sandhu, M. S. (2020). Sociodemographic inequities associated with participation in leisure-time physical activity in sub-Saharan Africa: an individual participant data meta-analysis. BMC Public Health, 20, 927. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08987-w
Biswas, B., Dasgupta, A., Paul, B. & Sembiah, S. (2018). Stress level of shopkeepers and its relationship with their physical activity and body mass index: A cross-sectional study in a marketplace of Kolkata, West Bengal. CHRISMED Journal of Health Research, 5, 203-207. DOI: 10.4103/cjhr.cjhr_4_18
Ejechi, E. O. (2013). A comparative study of physical activity and cognitive function of a sample of elderly Nigerians living in a rural and an urban area.International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 3(6), 140-150
Ejechi, E. O. & Ogege, S. O. (2015). Socio-demographic, health-related and physical environmental correlates of physical activity among urban-dwelling Nigerians in early old age. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 4(7), 789-804
Elmagd, M. A. (2016). Benefits, need and importance of daily exercise. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 3(5), 22-27.
Fransson, E. I. M., Alfredsson, L. S., de Faire, U H., Knutsson, A. & Westerholm, P. J. M. (2003). Leisure time, occupational and household physical activity, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in working men and women: the WOLF study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 31, 324–333. DOI: 10.1080/14034940210165055
Fredriksson, S. V., Alley, S. J., Rebar, A. L., Hayman, M., Vandelanotte, C. & Schoeppe, S. (2018). How are different levels of knowledge about physical activity associated with physical activity behaviour in Australian adults? PLoS ONE 13(11), e0207003. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207003
Gesinde, B. (2019). Could Physical Activity Have an Impact on the Incidence or prevention of diabetes-related complications? A Review of the Evidence. Physical Activity and Health, 3(1), 57–62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5334/paah.32
Gouda, H. N., Charlson,F., Sorsdahl K., Ahmadzada, S., Ferrari A. J., Erskine, H., Leung, J., Santamauro, D., Lund, C., Aminde, L. N., Mayos, B. M., Kengne, A. P., Harris, M., Achoki T., Wiysonge, C. S., Stein, D. J. & Whiteford H. (2019). Burden of non-communicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa,1990–2017: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study2017. Lancet Global Health 2019; 7, e1375–e1387
Hallal, P. C., Andersen, L. B., Bull, F. C., Guthold, R., Haskell, W. & Ekelund, U. (2012). Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet, 380, 247–57.
IPAQ (2005). Guidelines for data processing and analysis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)– Short and Long Forms. Retrieved from www.ipaq.ki.se
John, B., Todd, J., Mboya, I., Mosha, M., Urassa, M. & Mtuy, T. (2017). Physical activity and associated factors from a cross-sectional survey among adults in northern Tanzania. BMC Public Health, 17, 588. DOI 10.1186/s12889-017-4512-4
Juma, K., Juma, P. A., Shumba, C., Otieno, P. & Asiki, G. (2019). Non-communicable diseases and urbanization in African cities: A narrative review. IntechOpen, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.89507
Kokkinos, P. (2012). Physical activity, health benefits and mortality risks. Internationa Scholarly Research Notices, Article ID 718789, 14 pages, https://10.5402/2012/718789
Mashili, F. L., Kagaruki, G. B., Mbatia, J.,Nanai, A., Saguti, G., Maongezi, S., Magimba, A., Mghamba, J., Kamugisha, M., Mgina, E., Mweya, C. N., Kaushik, R. & Mayige, M. T. (2018). Physical activity and associated socioeconomic determinants in rural and urban Tanzania: Results from the 2012 WHO-STEPS Survey. International Journal of Population Research Volume 2018, Article ID 4965193, 10 pages https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4965193
Mengesha, M. M., Roba, H. S., Ayele, B. H. & Beye, A. S. (2019). Level of physical activity among urban adults and the socio-demographic correlates: a population-based cross-sectional study using the global physical activity questionnaire. BMC Public Health, 19, 1160 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7465-y
Murphy, M. H., Donnelly, P., Breslin, G., Simon Shibli, S. & Nevill, A, M. (2013). Does doing housework keep you healthy? The contribution of domestic physical activity to meeting current ecommendations for health. BMC Public Health, 13:966 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/13/966
Nicklett, E. J., Anderson, L. A. & Irene H. Yen, I. H. (2016). Gardening activities and physical health among older adults: A review of the evidence. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 35(6), 678–690. doi:10.1177/0733464814563608
Owoeye, O. B. A., Osho, O. A., Akinfeye, A. M. Akinsola, A. J., Durowoju, O. S., & Akinbo, S. R. A. (2013). Physical activity profile of senior civil servants in Lagos, Nigeria: need for effective strategies for improvement. The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 20(2), 104-107
Oyeyemi, A. L., Oyeyemi, A. Y., Jidda, Z. A. & Babagana, F. (2013). Prevalence of physical activity among adults in a metropolitan Nigerian city: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Epidemiology, 23(3), 169-177. doi:10.2188/jea.JE20120116
Oyeyemi, A. L., Oyeyemi, A. Y., Omotara, B. A., Lawan, A., Akinroye, K. K., Adedoyin, R. A. & Ramírez, A. (2018). Physical activity profile of Nigeria: implications for research, surveillance and policy. Pan African Medical Journal. 30, 175. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.30.175.12679
Park J, Choi J, Shin A, Lee S, Lee M, Choi J, Lee, J & Kang, D. (2020). Patterns of leisure time and household physical activity and the risk of mortality among middle-aged Korean adults. PLoS ONE, 15(6): e0234852. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234852
Phongsavan, P., Merom, D., Marshall, A. L. & Baumanm A. (2004). Estimating physical activity level: the role of domestic activities. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 58, 466–467. doi: 10.1136/jech.2003.012096
Reiner, M., Niermann, C., Jekauc, D. &Woll, A. (2013). Long-term health benefits of physical activity-a systematic review of longitudinal studies.BMC Public Health, 13, 813 http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-813
Scott , T. L., Masser, B. M. & Pachana, N. A. (2020). Positive aging benefits of home and community gardening activities: Older adults report enhanced self-esteem, productive endeavours, social engagement and exercise. SAGE Open Medicine, 8, 1–13. DOI: 10.1177/2050312120901732
Shi, Y., Li, T., Wang, Y., Zhou, L., Qin, Q., Yin, J., Wei, S., Liu, L. & Nie, S. (2015). Household physical activity and cancer risk: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. Scientific Reports, 5, 14901. DOI: 10.1038/srep14901
Stephan, A., Strobi, A., Muller, M., Holle, R., Austenrieth, C. S., Thorand, B., Linkohr, B., Peters, A. & Grill, E. (2016). A high level of household physical activity compensates for lack of leisure time physical activity with regard to deficit accumulation: Results from KORA-Age study. Preventive Medicine, 86, 64-69. doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmd.2016.01.021
WHO (2018). Physical activity. Geneva: World Health Organisation. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity
Williamson, J. (2016). Awareness of physical activity health benefits can influence participation and dose. Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Journal, 1(1), 1003.