top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.09 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.02 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.57 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.52 AM.png
open access

Published: 12 July 2021

OHIS Differences on Primary School Students in Relation to Little Dentist Training

Asep Arifin Senjaya, Ni Made Sirat, I Nyoman Wirata, Ni Ketut Ratmini

Poltekkes Kemenkes Denpasar, Indonesia

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf



Pages: 1-7

Keywords: Oral Hygiene Index, Simplified (OHI-S), Primary School Students, Little Dentists


Dental healthcare is very important since dental and oral hygiene should be maintained. Statistics showed that more than 80% of children in developed and developing countries suffer from dental disease. This study aimed to see the safety of OHIS (Oral Hygiene Index Simplified) in primary school students who got and did not get little dentist cadre training in Bangli Regency in 2019. The study was done in an experimental design: pre and post-test with control design, which was conducted in August-September 2019. The sample in this study is 366 students. The difference in OHIS scores before and after treatment in the control group and treatment group was carried out by the bivariate Mann Whitney U Test. The results of the study showed that before dental health training was conducted, there were 54.3% of primary school students in the treatment group with good OHIS score criteria, and after the training was carried out as many as 98.4% of the students in the treatment group had a good OHIS. Additionally, prior to the training, 57.5% of the control group had fair OHIS criteria score. Then, after the training was carried out, 73.7% of the control group had good OHIS score. Hence, the study concluded that there was a significant difference in the OHIS of primary school students who got little doctor training prior to and after the training. Also, there was a significant difference in the OHIS of the students who did not get such treatment before and after the training.


  1. Cockerham, W. C., Hamby, B. W. and Oates, G. R. (2017) ‘The Social Determinants of Chronic Disease’, Am J Prev Med, 52(1), pp. 1–14. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2016.09.010.The.

  2. Gopdianto, R., Rattu, A. J. M. and Mariati, N. W. (2015) ‘Status Kebersihan Mulut dan Perilaku Menyikat Gigi Anak SD Negeri 1 Malalayang’, Jurnal e-GiGi (eG), 3(1), pp. 1–9.

  3. Harackiewicz, J. M., Smith, J. L. and Priniski, S. J. (2018) ‘Interest Matters: The Importance of Promoting Interest in Education’, Policy Insights Behav Brain Sci, 3(2), pp. 220–227. doi: 10.1177/2372732216655542.Interest.

  4. Herrera, M. del al.(2013) ‘Dental plaque , preventive care , and tooth brushing associated with dental caries in primary teeth in schoolchildren ages 6 – 9 years of Leon , Nicaragua’, Med Sci Monit, 19, pp. 1019–1026. doi: 10.12659/MSM.884025.

  5. Huang, R., Li, M. and Gregory, R. L. (2011) ‘Bacterial interactions in dental biofilm’, Virulence, 2(October), pp. 435–444.

  6. Karasneh, A. A.-F. and Al-zoubi, M. (2018) ‘Factors affecting knowledge sharing in special education — A Jordanian study’, Knowl Process Manag, (August), pp. 1–10. doi: 10.1002/kpm.1588.

  7. Ministry of Health of Indonesia (2013) Pokok – Pokok Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar - Riskesdas 2013 Provinsi Bali. Jakarta: Badan Litbangkes Kemenkes RI.

  8. Ministry of Health of Indonesia (2018) Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta.

  9. Morgan, K. et al.(2019) ‘Formative research to develop a school- based , community-linked physical activity role model programme for girls : CHoosing Active Role Models to INspire Girls ( CHARMING )’, BMC Public Health. BMC Public Health, 19(437), pp. 1–13.

  10. Nurhamidah et al.(2016) ‘The relationship between oral hygiene status and learning achievement of students in SD Negeri 2 Sangga Beru, Gunung Meriah, Aceh Singkil’, Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi, 03(2), pp. 35–40.

  11. Puspitoningsih, N., Safitri, W. and Istiningtyas, A. (2015) ‘Persepsi Ibu Tentang Karies Gigi pada Anak Usia Prasekolah di TK Darma Wanita Kecamatan Kemusu Boyolali’.

  12. Putri, M. H., Herijulianti, E. and Nurjannah, N. (2011) Ilmu Pencegahan Penyakit Jaringan Keras dan Jaringan Pendukung Gigi. Jakarta: EGC.

  13. Sastroasmoro, S. D. (1995) Dasar-dasar Metodelogi Penelitian Klinis. Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara.

  14. Senjaya, A. A., Sirat, N. M. and Wirata, I. N. (2019) ‘Factors Related to Dental Caries on Elementary School Students in Badung Regency – Indonesia’, Journal of Mediccal Science and Clinical Research, 07(12), pp. 1–7.

  15. Sirat, N. M., Senjaya, A. A. and Sumerti, N. N. (2019) ‘Efektivitas Pelatihan Dokter Gigi Kecil untuk Meningkatkan Kebersihan Gigi dan Mulut’, Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi, 6, pp. 5–9.

  16. Sluijs, E. van deret al.(2018) ‘Dry brushing : Does it improve plaque removal ? A secondary analysis’, Int J Dent Hygiene, (June), pp. 1–8. doi: 10.1111/idh.12358.

bottom of page