top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.09 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.02 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.57 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.52 AM.png
open access

Published: 25 February 2022

Risk Communication and Community Attitude to Corona Virus Disease 2019 Outbreak in Southwestern Nigeria

Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe, Adeleye Abiodun Adeomi, Abidemi Kafayat Adegbore, Olugbenga Osunmakinwa, Abiola Rilwan Oladejo, Akeem Adebayo Adebimpe, Khalid Mohammad

University of Medical Sciences Ondo (Nigeria), Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife (Nigeria), University Osogbo (Nigeria), Kwara State University Molete (Nigeria)

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf



Pages: 8-17

Keywords: COVID-19, Risk Communication, Misconception, Knowledge and Prevention, Southwestern Nigeria


Background: The global community is racing to slow down and eventually halt the spread of COVID-19. The success of the ongoing battle against this pandemic all over the world depends on community knowledge and perception. The objective of this study was to assess risk communication, knowledge and community attitudes to COVID-19 outbreaks in southwestern Nigeria. Methods: Community based descriptive cross-sectional study of risk communication, knowledge and community attitude to COVID-19 prevention and control among 1200 community persons selected using multistage sampling methods. Research instrument was a semi-structure interviewer administered questionnaire, and data analyzed using the IBM SPSS software version 23.0. Findings: Mean age of respondents was 36.0 ± 12.1 years, 735 (61.3%) were females and 465 (38.8%) were males. Majority of the respondents (97.5%) had heard about COVID-19, with the radio (65.2%) and television (60.4%) being the major sources of information. Only 455 (37.9%) think that they can get COVID-19, 738 (61.5%) said they were ready to willingly observe staying indoors or lockdown, only 525 (43.8%) have been putting on face mask. Respondents with good knowledge of COVID-19 transmission, symptoms and prevention were 39.6%, 88.7% and 94.5% respectively, while for good perception towards COVID-19 was 72.2%. Predictors of good knowledge of transmission and symptoms of COVID were respondents being above 19 years, being a male and having education level above secondary school. Predictors of good knowledge and perception of prevention and control measures of COVID were respondents being above 19 years, being a female and having education level above secondary school. Conclusion: Good awareness and poor knowledge of COVID-19 transmission, but good knowledge of prevention and good perception were reported among communities in Southwestern Nigeria. Only few believed they could get the disease. This calls for enlightenment campaign and good communication messages directed at the general population.


  1. Araoye MO. (2004). Sampling methods. In: Research methodology with Statistics for Health and Social Sciences. Ilorin, Nigeria: Nathadex Publishers;. p. 117‑20.

  2. Bhagavathula A.S., Aldhaleei W.A., Rahmani J, Mahabadi M.A., BandariD.K. (2020) Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge and Perceptions: A Survey on Healthcare workers. BMJ Accessed on 17/04/2020 from 2020.03.19.20038968v3. doi: 10.2196/19160.

  3. Geldsetzer P (2020). Knowledge and Perceptions of COVID-19 Among the General Public in the United States and the United Kingdom: A Cross-sectional Online Survey. Ann Intern Med. M20-0912.  Accessed on 17/04/2020 from doi:10.1101/2020.03.13.20035568

  4. Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y et al., (2020 Feb); Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 15;395(10223):497-506. doi:

  5. Jiao J, Tang X, Li H, Chen J, Xiao Y, Li A (2005). Survey of knowledge of villagers in prevention and control of SARS in Hainan Province. China Tropical Medicine. 5:703-5.

  6. Li Q, Guan X, Wu P, Wang X, Zhou L, Tong Y et al. (2020 Mar 26). Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia. N. Engl. J. Med. ;382(13):1199-1207 doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2001316

  7. Nigerian Center for Disease Control (NCDC). Updates on COVID in Nigeria. NCDC Nigeria. Accessed 8th April 2020. Available at

  8. Zhong B., Luo W., Li H., Zhang Q., Liu X., Li W., Li Y. (2020). Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Biological Sciences; 16: 1745 – 1752. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.45221

bottom of page