Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Social and Political

Sciences

ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 28 December 2021

Participation in Voting Parties Based on Gender and Ages

Agus Aribowo, Anny Nurbasari, Bram Hadianto

Maranatha Christian University, Indonesia

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1991.04.04.327

Pages: 155-160

Keywords: Ages, Gender, General Election, Participation in the Vote

Abstract

In a democracy, a general election is a platform for citizens to use their political rights. However, not all citizens use it well, leading to an imperfect voting participation level. This situation motivates this study to exist. With this intention, this paper examines and analyzes the participation to vote decision in the party general election in 2019 based on gender and ages. Backing up this goal, we use the people in three regencies in West Java: Subang, Majalengka, and Sumedang, as the population. Because of these areas, we utilize multistage random sampling to take 600 people as the samples. As the statistical checking, we use the Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis to test the hypotheses based on the categorical responses. After investigating the answers through the statistical test and discussing their outputs, we deduce that the participation of females is lower than that of males, demonstrating the gender gap. Also, the younger the participants, the higher involvement to vote.

References

  1. Adam, A. F., Betaubun, W. L., & Jalal, N. (2021).  Quo vadis of parliamentary threshold in Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu  Pemerintahan, 6(1), 1-17. doi:10.14710/jiip.v6i1.8618

  2. Al-Amin, M., & Juniati, D.  (2017). The analysis of fractal box-counting of face image by Canny edge  detection-based human group age classification. Jurnal Ilmiah Matematika, 2(6),  33-42.

  3. Aribowo, A., Sucherly, S., Suryana,  Y., & Effendi, N. (2016). A study of vote decision among political parties  in legislative election 2014. International Journal of Economics, Commerce,  and Management, 4(5), 617-639. Retrieved from  https://ijecm.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/4541.pdf

  4. Bastian, A. F. (2010, May 11). Political  Marketing. Retrieved November 2021, 30, from  https://news.detik.com/opini/d-1355495/marketing-politik

  5. Bibi, H. (2020). Causes of low turn  out of women in the general elections: A case study of district Peshawar. Pakistan  Social Sciences Review, 4(2), 608-618. doi:10.35484/pssr.2020(4-II)48

  6. Damarjati, D. (2019, April 13). Abstain  from the old order to present order. Retrieved December 20, 2021, from  https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4509398/fenomena-golput-dari-orde-lama-hingga-kekinian

  7. Dassonneville, R., Nugent, M. K.,  Hooghe, M., & Lau, R. (2020). Do women vote less correctly? The effect of  gender on Ideological proximity voting and correct voting. The Journal of  Politics, 82(3), 1156–1160. doi:10.1086/707525

  8. Fowler, E. F., Ridout, T. N., &  Franz, M. M. (2016). Political advertising in 2016: The presidential election  as outlier? The Forum, 14(4), 445-469. doi:10.1515/for-2016-0040

  9. Hartono, J. (2012). Business  Research Methodology: Misunderstanding and Experiences. Yogyakarta: Badan  Penerbit Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Gadjah Mada.

  10. Hassan, M. S., Mohideen, R. S.;  Siti, A.A., Allam, S.N.S.,Mustaffa, F., & Ridzuan, A. R. (2021). The  voting decision: Social media use, internal and external efficacy aspects. International  Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 11(7),  1525-1535. doi:10.6007/IJARBSS/v11-i7/10362

  11. Intyaswati, D., Maryani, E.,  Sugiana, D., & Venus, A. (2021). Using media for voting decisions among  first-time college students in West Java, Indonesia. Academic Journal of  Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(1), 327-339. doi:10.36941/ajis-2021-0028

  12. Jelita, I. N. (2019, May 30). Indonesian  General Election Committee: The involvement rate in 2019 exceeds the national  target. Retrieved December 20, 2021, from  https://mediaindonesia.com/politik-dan-hukum/238702/kpu-partisipasi-pemilu-2019-lampaui-target-nasional

  13. Korschun, D., Martin, K. D., &  Vadakkepatt, G. (2020). Marketing's role in understanding political activity. Journal  of Public Policy & Marketing, 39(4), 378-387.  doi:10.1177/0743915620949261

  14. Lee, J. M., Park, Y., & Kim, G.  D. (2016). Social media and regionalism in South Korean voting behavior: The  case of the 19th South Korean presidential election. Issues & Studies,  54(3), 1840006. doi:10.1142/S1013251118400064

  15. Lestari, I., & Rafni, A. (2018).  The political marketing of major candidates in Padang in the simultaneous head  district election in June 2018. Journal of Civic Education, 1(3),  225-233. doi:10.24036/jce.v1i3.222

  16. Liu, S.-J. S. (2020). Gender gaps in  political participation in Asia. International Political Science Review.  doi:10.1177/0192512120935517

  17. Mulyadi, M. (2019). Building  democracy by public participation to vote in the 2019 general election. Info  Singkat, 11(9), 13-18. Retrieved from  https://berkas.dpr.go.id/puslit/files/info_singkat/Info%20Singkat-XI-9-I-P3DI-Mei-2019-192.pdf

  18. Noor, T. (2009). The general  election commission's role in elevating public participation in the general  election. Jurnal Konstutusi, 2(1), 51-71. Retrieved from  https://www.mkri.id/public/content/infoumum/ejurnal/pdf/ejurnal_Jurnal%20Konstitusi%20KANJURUHAN%20Vol%202%20no%201.pdf

  19. Santoso, S. (2005). Mastering  statistics in informational era by SPSS 12. Jakarta: PT Elex Media  Komputindo.

  20. Sedgwick, P. (2015). Multistage  sampling. BMJ, 351, 1-2. doi:0.1136/bmj.h4155

  21. Solihah, R., Bainus, A., &  Rahmatunnisa, M. (2015). Jeje-Adang's capital relations in local election in  Pangandaran Regency. Mimbar: Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, 34(2),  378-388. Retrieved from  https://ejournal.unisba.ac.id/index.php/mimbar/article/view/3671/pdf

  22. Sugiyono, S. (2017). Quantitative,  Qualitative, and Mixed Research Methods. Bandung: Alfabeta.

  23. The General Election Supervisory  Agency of Manado city (2019, August 6). Retrieved December 20, 2021, from  http://manado.bawaslu.go.id/2019/04/berikut-partai-politik-peserta-pemilu/

  24. Wagner, M., Johann, D., &  Kritzinger, S. (2012). Voting at 16: Turnout and the quality of vote choice. Electoral  Studies, 31, 372-383. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2012.01.007

  25. Willocq, S. (2019). Explaining time  of vote decision: The socio-structural, attitudinal, and contextual  determinants of late-deciding. Political Studies Review, 17(1), 53-64.  doi:10.1177/1478929917748484

  26. Zamroni, M. (2013). Women in the  political communication and gender review. Jurnal Dakwah, XIV(1), 103-132.  doi:10.14421/jd.2013.14105