top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Law and Humanities
Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2827-9735

Judge Gavel
 Scales of Justice
City Crowds
People in Library
open access

Published: 04 March 2024

Examination of Judge's Decision Number 732/Pid.Sus/2017/PN Jkt.Utr: A Case Study of Immigration Crimes Committed by Corporation based on Article 118 juncto Article 136 paragraph (1) of the Indonesian Immigration Law

M. Alvi Syahrin, Tony Mirwanto, Budy Mulyawan, M. Ryanindityo, Agung Sulistyo Purnomo, Sri Kuncoro Bawono, Wilonotomo, Novan Syahputra

Polytechnic of Immigration (Indonesia), Directorate General of Immigration (Indonesia)

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf



Pages: 107-118

Keywords: Examination of the Judge's Decision, North Jakarta Immigration Office


In applying this article, the author finds a discrepancy between the judge's decision that has permanent legal force (inkracht van gewijsde) and what is mandated by Law Number 6 of 2011 concerning Immigration. Article 136 paragraph (1) explains that if an immigration crime is committed by a corporation, the parties who can be asked for responsibility are the management and the corporation. The author sees that there are three elements that have an influence on the effectiveness of law enforcement, namely Immigration Investigators, Public Prosecutors, and Judges. In this case, the Public Prosecutor has a major role in influencing the non-compliance with the application of the article. This is because the Public Prosecutor has authority over who and how much prosecution is in this case. However, the author cannot know what the basis for the Public Prosecutor's consideration in conducting the prosecution is because the Public Prosecutor is known to have died. The author concludes that there was an error in the interpretation of the elements of legal norms in Article 118 juncto Article 136 paragraph (1) which resulted in the prosecution only directed at the corporation.


Ansori, L. (2017). Law Enforcement Reform: A Progressive Legal Perspective. Juridical journal, 4(2), 148-163.
Arianto, H. (2010). Responsive Law and Law Enforcement in Indonesia. Lex Jurnalica, 7(2), 18013.
Aryani, F. D. (2021). Corporate Paradigmatic Transition and Construction of Corporate Crime Accountability in the Globalization Era. Cosmic Law, 21(3), 213.
Astuti, A. N. P. (2020). Criminal Liability of Perpetrators of Immigration Crimes (Study of Decision No. 284/PID. Sus/2018/Pn. Mtr).
Benuf, K., &; Azhar, M. (2020). Legal research methodology as an instrument to unravel contemporary legal problems. Echoes of Justice, 7(1), 20-33.
Disemadi, H. S., &; Jaya, N. S. P. (2019). The development of corporate regulation as a subject of criminal law in Indonesia. Journal of Media Bhakti Law.
Enggarsasi, U. (2002). Corporate criminal liability in economic crimes. Perspective, 7(1), 20-25.
Ginting, G., Rani, F. A., &; Ali, D. (2014). Deportation of foreigners who commit immigration crimes. Journal of Legal Sciences, 2(4).
Hamidi, J., &; Christian, C. (2021). Immigration Law for foreigners in Indonesia. Ray Grafika.
Hasan, A. (2015). Immigration supervision and enforcement for foreigners who exceed the time limit for their stay permit in Indonesia. Lex et Societatis, 3(1).
Krismen, Y. (2014). Corporate criminal liability in economic crimes. Journal of Legal Sciences, 5(1), 61-70.
Kristian, K. (2016). The Urgency of Corporate Criminal Liability. Journal of Law & Development, 44(4), 575-621.
Malota, D. D. P. (2015). evidence tool in the examination of immigration criminal matter matters. Lex Crimen, 4(6).
Mirwanto, T. (2016). The legal system supervises foreign workers against the misuse of visit stay permits to work for foreign investment companies in Indonesia. Lex et Societatis, 4(3).
Mohede, N. (2011). Criminal Sanctions against Perpetrators of Immigration Crimes. Unsrat Law Journal, 19(4), 40-52.
Moeliono, T. P., &; Sebastian, T. (2015). Reductionist and Utilitarianist Tendencies in Indonesian Legal Science: Rereading Gustav Radbruch's Philosophy of Law.
Muhlisa, A. N., &; Roisah, K. (2020). Immigration law enforcement against misuse of overstay visas on foreign nationals. Indonesian Journal of Legal Development, 2(2), 145-157.
Mulyawan, B. (2018). The power of electronic information evidence in the investigation of immigration crimes. Scientific Journal of Legal Policy, 12(1), 107-118.
Muslih, M. (2017). The Indonesian State of Law in the Perspective of Gustav Radbruch's Legal Theory (Three Basic Legal Values). Legality: Journal of Law, 4(1), 130-152.
Parameshwara, P., &; Riza, K. (2023). Corruption in the Context of Corporate Criminal Liability. Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 1(1), 25-34.
Parengkuan, R. (2015). Enforcement of Criminal Sanctions against Perpetrators of Immigration Crimes. Lex Crimen, 4(1).
Prasetyo, R. T., Ma'ruf, U., &; Mashdurohatun, A. (2017). Corporate Crime in the Perspective of Criminal Law Formulation Policy. Khaira Ummah Law Journal, 12(4), 727-741.
Priyatno, H. D. (2017). Corporate criminal liability system: in legislation policy. Pretone Media.
Puspitasari, I., &; Devintawati, E. (2018). The Urgency of Regulating Corporate Crime in Corporate Crime Accountability According to the RKUHP. Canon Journal of Legal Sciences, 20(2), 237-254.
Puteri, R. P., Junaidi, M., &; Arifin, Z. (2020). Reorientation of criminal sanctions in Corporate liability in Indonesia. USM Journal of Law Review, 3(1), 98-111.
Rifai, E. (2014). Perspective of corporate criminal responsibility as perpetrators of criminal acts of corruption. Pulpit of Law, Faculty of Law, Gajah Mada University, 26(1), 87-101.
Retnowinarni, R. (2019). Criminal liability to corporations in Indonesia. Legal Perspectives, 82-104.
Soekanto, S. (2004). Factors affecting law enforcement.
Sjahdeini, Sutan Remy. (2017). Penal Teachings: Corporate Crime and Its Subtleties. Gold.
Syahrin, M. A. (2018). Application of the Authority of Civil Servant Investigators in Investigating Immigration Crimes. In National Law Seminar (Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 25-49).
Syahrin, M. A. (2019). Polarization of Contemporary Immigration Law Enforcement: A Normative-Empirical Axiology. National Law Magazine, 49(1), 59-89.
Wijaya, M. S. (2018). Inconsistencies in Corporate Criminal Liability Arrangements. Rechtidee, 13(1), 104-115.
Yuanitha, H. (2020). Obstacles of PPNS Investigators in Carrying Out Immigration Criminal Investigations. Journal of Law, 35(2), 119-144.
Yudoprakoso, P. W. (2016). Corporate Criminal Liability and Corporate Penalties. PT Kanisius.

bottom of page