Law and Humanities
Published: 24 November 2022
Indonesian Legal Policy in Treating International Refugees Based on Human Rights Approach
M. Alvi Syahrin, Anindito Rizki Wiraputa, Koesmoyo Ponco Aji
Politeknik Imigrasi, Indonesia
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Keywords: Law Policy, Refugees, Human Rights, Indonesia
Indonesia is one of the countries that is often a transit point for immigrants who want to seek asylum in other countries. This illegal arrival is certainly very detrimental to Indonesia. This is because the arrival of these refugees is considered a threat to national security and resilience. The trend of the number of refugees that continues to increase every year has caused various problems in handling foreign refugees in Indonesia. Indonesia did not ratify the 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1967 Protocol, but on the basis of human rights. As a transit country, Indonesia is experiencing a build-up of refugee flows due to the uncertain timing of the status granting process from UNHCR and moreover third countries limit the acceptance of refugees. However, Indonesia continues to provide various forms of assistance in dealing with the problems faced by refugees. The government has also issued several regulations including Presidential Decree Number 125 of 2016 and other technical regulations. Indonesia also collaborates with non-governmental institutions, such as academics, humanitarian activists, and faith and charity-based organizations. This collaboration has implications for the existence of asylum seekers and refugees in Indonesia. It is hoped that with this regulation and cooperation, it can provide legal certainty regarding solutions to refugee problems in Indonesia.
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