Educational Assessment and Some Related Indicators of Educational Equality and Equity

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

Published: 02 December 2019

Educational Assessment and Some Related Indicators of Educational Equality and Equity

Jari Metsämuuronen

Finnish National Education Evaluation Centre Finland, NLA University College Norway

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10.31014/aior.1993.02.04.105

Pages: 770-788

Keywords: Equality, Equity, Student assessment, Educational indicators, Parity

Abstract

The article asks three questions of equality in education. First, what kind of equality we are talking about - numerical equality, proportional equality, formal equality, or moral equity? Second, how to categorize the indicators in a practical manner? Third, how to use the equality indicators based on the national level assessment of student achievement? The article starts with a theoretical treatment and gives a framework for further studies of educational indicators. The indicators are divided into absolute- and relative indicators as well as binding- and preferable indicators. In the empirical part, 26 parity indicators are introduced and discussed based on national level datasets from student achievement.

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