Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 07 March 2022

Investigation of the Effect of High School Students' Attitudes to Physical Education Course on Empathic Behavior in Sports Environment

Naci Kalkan

Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1993.05.01.444

Pages: 335-342

Keywords: Empathy, Pe Lesson, Attitude, Sport

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the possible effects of high school students' attitudes towards Physical Education and Sports lessons on their empathic behaviors in the sports environment. Mean age x̄ =15.12± SD=1.05, n=133 male, n=117 female, total n=250 high school students participated in the study. In the study, the "Physical Education Lesson Attitude Scale for High School Education Students" developed by Güllü and Güçlü (2009) and the "Empathy Scale in Sports" developed by Erkuş and Yakupoğlu (2001) were used. In the analysis of the data "Independent groups t-test" was to compare students' scores on used empathy in sports and physical education lesson attitudes according to gender, pearson correlation analysis was used for the relationship of the scales according to the age variable, and simple linear regression analysis was used for the prediction of empathy in sports. According to the results, it was found that the attitude towards physical education and sports lessons is a significant predictor of empathy in sports.

References

  1. Açak, M. (2006). Physical Education  Teacher's Handbook. Istanbul: Morpa Kültür Yayinlari.

  2. Arufe-Giráldez, V., Zurita-Ortega,  F., Padial-Ruz, R., & Castro-Sánchez, M. (2019). Association between level  of empathy, attitude towards physical education and victimization in  adolescents: a multi-group structural equation analysis. International  Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(13), 2360. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132360

  3. Balcı, E. (2012). Classroom  teachers' empathic tendency levels (Beşiktaş district sample) (Unpublished  Master's Thesis). Yeditepe University/Social Sciences Institute, Istanbul.

  4. Balyan, M. (2009). Comparison of  the attitudes, social skills and self-efficacy levels of students in primary  and secondary schools towards physical education lesson. Unpublished doctoral  dissertation). Izmir: Ege University.

  5. Banaji, M. R., & Heiphetz, L.  (2010). Attitudes. In S. T. Fiske, D. T. Gilbert, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook  of social psychology (pp. 353–393). John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

  6. Barr, M., & Copeland-Stewart,  A. (2022). Playing video games during the COVID-19 pandemic and effects on  players’ well-being. Games and Culture, 17(1), 122–139. https://doi.org/10.1177/15554120211017036

  7. Böke, H., Güllü, M., & Kış, A.  (2020). Examination of high school students' attitudes towards physical  education and sports lessons according to gender: meta-analysis. Tarih Okulu  Dergisi, 13(45), 1159 - 1173.  http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/Joh37851

  8. Çakıroğlu, S., Soylu, N., &  Görmez, V. (2021). Re-evaluating the digital gaming profiles of children and  adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic: a comparative analysis comprising 2  years of pre-pandemic data. ADDICTA: The Turkish Journal on Addictions,  8(1), 51–57. https://doi.org/10.5152/ADDICTA.2021.21019

  9. Capel, S., & Piotrowski, S.  (2000). Issues in physical education. Routledge Falmer London.

  10. Choudhary, S. (2021). Indian  children’s perception of physical education and sports in school. International  Journal of Yogic, Human Movement and Sports Sciences. 28-31

  11. Czyz, S. H., & Toriola, A. L.  (2012). Polish children’s perception and understanding of Physical Education  and school sports. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 31(1),  39–55. https://doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.31.1.39

  12. Dagdemir, R., & Aka, S. T.  (2019). Comparative Study on Attitudes of Students Studying in Different Types  of High Schools towards Physical Education and Sports Lesson. Asian Journal  of Education and Training, 5(4), 609–615. https://doi.org/10.20448/journal.522.2019.54.609.615

  13. Davis, M. H. (2006). Empathy. In Handbook  of the sociology of emotions (pp. 443–466). Springer.

  14. Demirhan, G., & Altay, F.  (2001). Attitude scale of first year high school students towards physical  education and sports II. Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(2), 9–20.

  15. Dökmen, Ü. (1990). A new model of  empathy and measuring empathic skill with two different approaches. Psikoloji  Dergisi, 7(24), 42–50.

  16. Dorak, F., & Vurgun, N. (2006).  The relationship between empathy and team unity in terms of team sports. Spormetre  Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 4(2), 73–77.

  17. Eagly, A. H., & Chaiken, S.  (1993). The psychology of attitudes. Harcourt brace Jovanovich college  publishers.

  18. Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson,  J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 48(1),  43.

  19. Erkuş, A., & Yakupoğlu, S.  (2001a). Empathy scale (sem) development study in sports environment. Spor  Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(1), 22–31.

  20. Erkuş, A., & Yakupoğlu, S.  (2001b). Empathy scale (sem) development study in sports environment. Spor  Bilimleri Dergisi, 12(1), 22–31.

  21. Fazio, R. H. (1986a). How do  attitudes guide behavior. Handbook of Motivation and Cognition: Foundations  of Social Behavior, 1, 204–243.

  22. Fazio, R. H. (1986b). How do  attitudes guide behavior. Handbook of Motivation and Cognition: Foundations  of Social Behavior, 1, 204–243.

  23. Göksel, A. G., & Çağdaş, C. A.  Z. (2016). Examining the attitudes of Anatolian high school students towards  physical education lesson. Marmara Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi,  1(1), 1–9.

  24. Güllü, M., & Güçlü, M. (2009). Developing  a physical education lesson attitude scale for secondary school students. Beden  Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(2), 138–151.

  25. Gürbüz, A., Özkan, H., &  Gürbüz, A. (2012a). Determining the attitude of secondary school students  towards physical education and sport lesson (muğla sample). Pamukkale  Journal of Sport Sciences, 3(2), 78–89.

  26. Gürbüz, A., Özkan, H., &  Gürbüz, A. (2012b). Determining the attitude of secondary school students  towards physical education and sport lesson (muğla sample). Pamukkale  Journal of Sport Sciences, 3(2), 78–89.

  27. Hazar, Z., & Hazar, M. (2018).  Effect of Games Including Physical Activity on Digital Game Addiction of 11-14  Age Group Middle-School Students. Journal of Education and Training Studies,  6(11), 243–253. https://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v6i11.3645

  28. Hazar, Z., Tekkurşun Demir, G.,  Namlı, S., & Türkeli, A. (2017). Investigation of the relationship between  digital game addiction and physical activity levels of secondary school  students. Journal of Physical Education & Sports Science/Beden Egitimi  ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 11(3). Retrieved from  https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsd/issue/53469/711685

  29. Kangalgil, M., Hünük, D., &  Demirhan, G. (2006). Comparison of primary, high school and university  students' attitudes towards physical education and sports. Spor bilimleri  dergisi, 17(2), 48–57. Retrieved from  https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/intjscs/issue/57862/829393

  30. Karasar, N. (2009). Scientific  research method. 14. Baskı, Nobel Yayın, 292.

  31. Kavussanu, M., & Boardley, I.  D. (2009). The prosocial and antisocial behavior in sport scale. Journal of  Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31(1), 97–117. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.31.1.97

  32. Kılıç, T., & Çimen, P. N.  (2018). Investigation of secondary and high school students' attitudes towards  physical education and sports lessons. Akdeniz Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 1(1),  1–13. Retrieved  from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/asbid/issue/40817/442686

  33. Klakk, H., Andersen, L. B.,  Heidemann, M., Møller, N. C., & Wedderkopp, N. (2014). Six physical  education lessons a week can reduce cardiovascular risk in school children  aged 6–13 years: A longitudinal study. Scandinavian Journal of Public  Health, 42(2), 128–136. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494813505726

  34. Klakk, H., Chinapaw, M., Heidemann,  M., Andersen, L. B., & Wedderkopp, N. (2013). Effect of four additional  physical education lessons on body composition in children aged 8–13 years–a  prospective study during two school years. BMC Pediatrics, 13(1),  1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-170

  35. Koca, C., Aşçı, F. H., & Demirhan,  G. (2005). Attitudes toward physical education and class preferences of  Turkish adolescents in terms of school gender composition. Adolescence,  40(158).

  36. Kwon, S. J. (2018). A relationship  between personality and empathy in teenagers’ school sports club  participation. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 14(5), 746. https://dx.doi.org/10.12965%2Fjer.1836320.160

  37. Manger, T., Eikeland, O.-J., &  Asbjørnsen, A. (2001). Effects of social-cognitive training on students’  empathy. Swiss Journal of Psychology/Schweizerische Zeitschrift Für  Psychologie/Revue Suisse de Psychologie, 60(2), 82-88. https://doi.org/10.1024/1421-0185.60.2.82

  38. McKenzie, T. L., Nader, P. R., Strikmiller,  P. K., Yang, M., Stone, E. J., Perry, C. L., Taylor, W. C., Epping, J. N.,  Feldman, H. A., & Luepker, R. v. (1996). School physical education: effect  of the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health. Preventive  Medicine, 25(4), 423–431.

  39. Morris, C. G., Maisto, A. A., &  Whitford, F. W. (2008). Understanding psychology. Pearson/Prentice  Hall.

  40. Nguyen, M. H., Gruber, J., Fuchs,  J., Marler, W., Hunsaker, A., & Hargittai, E. (2020). Changes in Digital  Communication During the COVID-19 Global Pandemic: Implications for Digital  Inequality and Future Research. Social Media+ Society, 6(3),  2056305120948255. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120948255

  41. Oskamp, S., & Schultz, P. W.  (2005a). Attitudes and opinions. Psychology Press.

  42. Oskamp, S., & Schultz, P. W.  (2005b). Attitudes and opinions. Psychology Press.

  43. Paschke, K., Austermann, M. I.,  Simon-Kutscher, K., & Thomasius, R. (2021). Adolescent gaming and social  media usage before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sucht. https://doi.org/10.1024/0939-5911/a000694

  44. Rajecki, D. W. (1990). Attitudes.  Sinauer Associates.

  45. Sevdalis, V., & Raab, M.  (2014). Empathy in sports, exercise, and the performing arts. Psychology of  Sport and Exercise, 15(2), 173–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.10.013

  46. Siegel, D. (2007). Middle school  students’ attitudes toward physical education. Journal of Physical  Education, Recreation & Dance, 78(9), 9. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2007.10598090

  47. Silverman, S., & Subramaniam,  P. R. (1999). Student attitude toward physical education and physical  activity: A review of measurement issues and outcomes. Journal of Teaching  in Physical Education, 19(1), 97–125.

  48. Stelzer, J., Ernest, J. M.,  Fenster, M. J., & Langford, G. (2004). Attıtudes toward physical education:  a study of highschool students from four countrıes-austrıa, czechrepublıc,  england, and usa. College Student Journal, 38(2).

  49. Terry, D. J. (2001). Attitudes,  Behavior, and Social Context. Social Influence: Direct and Indirect  Processes, 3, 253.

  50. Uluışık, V., Beyleroğlu, M., Suna,  G., & Yalçın, S. (2016). Examination of secondary school students'  attitudes towards physical education lesson and their academic motivation  levels according to some variables (Burdur city center example). Journal of  Human Sciences, 13(3), 5092–5106.

  51. Wannigamage, D., Barlow, M.,  Lakshika, E., & Kasmarik, K. (2020). Analysis and Prediction of Player  Population Changes in Digital Games During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Australasian  Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 458–469.

  52. Yilmaz, A. (2019). Physical  Education and Sports Lesson from Science High School Students’ Perspective:  Mixed Research Approach. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 7(4),  96–110. https://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v7i4.4030

  53. Zanna, M. P., & Rempel, J. K.  (2008). Attitudes: A new look at an old concept.

  54. Zekeriya, Ç., & Atilla, P.  (2011). Attitudes of secondary school students towards physical education and  sports. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(Özel).