Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 28 December 2021
Investigation of the Relationship Between the Two-Dimensional Self-Esteem Perceptions and Leadership Orientations of the Faculty of Sports Sciences Students
Ismail Karatas, Hayri Akyuz
The University of Bayburt, Turkey
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Self-Esteem, Leadership Orientation, Faculty of Sport Sciences
This research was carried out to investigate of the relationship between the two-dimensional self-esteem perceptions and leadership orientations of the students of the faculty of sports sciences. In this context, the relational survey model, which is consistent with the main purpose of the study, was used in this quantitative study. A total of 323 students, 125 females and 198 males at the Faculty of Sports Sciences of Bartın University constitute the sample of the research. Convenience sampling method, one of the non-probabilistic sampling approaches, was used in the selection of the research group. Questionnaire form was used as data collection tool and this form consisted of three parts. The first part includes the “Personal Information Form,” the second part includes the “Two-Dimensional Self-Esteem: Self-Liking/Self-Competence Scale” and the third part includes the “Multidimensional Leadership Orientations Scale.” The descriptive statistics of the raw data obtained through the questionnaire form were first calculated by considering the data type. Then, the reliability of the scales related to the obtained data were investigated, and the difference and correlation tests were used in the statistical evaluation. In this direction, it has been determined that there are significant correlations within the scope of age and family income level variables. However, there was no significant relationship within the scope of personal income level variable. On the other hand, it was found that there are significant differences in the scope of department and actively doing sports variables. However, it was observed that there were no significant differences in the scope of gender, grade, and place of residence variables. On the other hand, it was determined that there were positive and moderately significant correlations between the participants’ scores of self-liking and political leadership, human resources leadership, charismatic leadership and structural leadership. In addition, it was found that there were positive and moderately significant correlations between the self-competence scores of the participants and the scores of political leadership, charismatic leadership and structural leadership. On the other hand, it was understood that there was a statistically significant positive and low-level correlation between the participants' self-competence scores and their human resources leadership scores. As a result, it can be said that as the self-esteem of the participants increases, their leadership orientation also increases. In this context, it can be said that increasing the self-esteem of the participants is an important concept in the context of leadership orientations.
Akcagoz, H. (2017). Investigation of Self-Concepts and Depression Status of Working Women. The Difference Between Self-Concept and Ideal Self-Concept and Determination of Depression Status in Terms of Variables, Master Thesis, Üsküdar University, Institute of Social Sciences, Istanbul.
Akdeniz, H., & Saytekin, G. N. (2020). Examination of leadership orientations and self-confidence behaviors of faculty of sport sciences students (Kocaeli University Sample). International Journal of Curriculum and Instruction, 12, 233-250.
Avsaroglu, S., & Ure, O. (2007). Investigation of self-esteem, decision-making and stress coping styles of university students in decision making in terms of self-esteem and some variables. Selcuk University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 18, 85-100.
Aydin, R. (2016). Comparison of Leadership Characteristics of Students Who are Engaged in Individual and Team Sports Studying at Physical Education and Sports Colleges. Master's Thesis, Bartın University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Bartın.
Baumeister, R.F., Campbell, J.D., Krueger, J.I., & Vohs, K.D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1), 1–44.
Bowker, A. (2006). The relationship between sports participation and self-esteem during early adolescence. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 38(3), 214–229.
Buyukozturk, S., Cakmak, E. K., Akgun, O. E., Karadeniz, S., & Demirel, F. (2020). Eğitimde Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri (29. Basım). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Cam, O, Khorshid, L., & Ozsoy, S.A. (2000). Investigation of self-esteem levels in a nursing school. Journal of Research in Nursing, 1(8), 33-40.
Car, B. (2013). Determination of Leadership Characteristics of University Students Receiving Sports Education. Master Thesis Gazi University Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara.
Chelladurai, P. (1984). Discrepancy between preferences and perceptions of leadership behavior and satisfction of athlletes in varying sports. Journal of Sport Psychology, 6, 27-41.
Collins,N.M., Cromartie, F., Butler, S., & Bae, J. (2018). Effects of early sport participation on self-esteem and happiness. The Sport Journal, 20, 1-20.
Coopersmith, S. (1967). The antecedents of self-esteem,(ss. 235-258) San Francisco: Freeman Press. Accessed from https://archive.org on 04.03.2020.
Dogan, T. (2015). Two-Dimensional Self-Esteem: Adaptation of the Self-Liking/Self-Competence Scale into Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study. Education and Science, 36(162), 126-137.
Dursun, M., Gunay, M., & Yenel, I. F. (2019). Multidimensional Leadership Orientations Scale (MLOS): Validity and Reliability Study. International Journal of Management Academy, 2(2), 333-347.
Erman, S. (2017). Investigation of Self-Esteem and Social Appearance Anxiety Levels of University Students Who Play and Don't Do Sports. Düzce University Institute of Health Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Master's Thesis, Düzce.
Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill International Edition.
Garry, J. P., & Morrissey, S. L. (2000) .Team sports participation and risk-taking behaviours among a biracial middle school population. Clin J Sport Med, 10(3), 185-190.
Gecas, V. (1982). The self-concept. Annual Review of Sociology, 8, 1-33.
Gelbal, S., Duyan, V., & Sevin, C. (2010). Investigation of the Relationship between High School Students' Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Social Support Status and Self-Esteem Levels. Journal of Social Work with Society, 21(2),7-18.
George, D., & Mallery, P. (2010). In GEN (Ed.), SPSS for Windows step by step. A simple study guide and reference. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc, 10.
Gunel, I. (2021). The Effect of Self-Esteem on Leadership Orientation: A Study on Students of Sports Management Department. Asian Journal of Education and Training, 7(1), 91-95.
Hemphill, J., & Coons, A. (1957). Development of the Leader Behaviour Description Questionnaire, ed. R.M.Stogill- A.E. Coons, Leader Behaviour: Its Description and Measurement, Colombus: Ohio State University.
Hersey, P., & Blanchard, K. (1988). Management of Organizational Behavior: Utilizing Human Resources. Fifth Edition, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Sf. 170-183.
Jacobs, T. O., & Jaques, E. (1990). Military executive leadership. In K. E. Clark & M. B. Clark (Eds.), Measures of leadership (pp. 281–295). Leadership Library of America.
Judge, T. A., Ilies, R., Bono, J. E., & Gerhardt, M. W. (2002). Personality and leadership: A qualitative and quantitative review. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 765–780.
Kagitcibasi, C., & Cemalcilar, Z. (2016). Human and People from Past to Present Introduction to Social Psychology. (16th Edition). Istanbul: Evrim Publications.
Karadag, G., Guner, I. Cuhadar, D., & Ucan, O. (2008). Self-esteem of Gaziantep University Health School Nursing Students. Fırat Journal of Health Services, 3(7), 29-42.
Karatas, Z. (2012). Investigation of empathic skills and self-esteem levels of education faculty students. Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 12(23), 97-114.
Katz, D., & Kahn, R. L. (1978). The social psychology of organizations. New York: Wiley.
Kets de Vries M. F. (2001). Leadership in Organizations. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Science. INSEAD, France.
Kirkcaldy, B. D., Shephard, R. J., & Siefen, R. G. (2002). The relationship between physical activity and self-image and problem behaviour among adolescents. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 37(11), 544-550.
Koknel, O. (1982). Personality from Anxiety to Happiness. Istanbul: Altın Kitaplar Publications.
Korkmaz, O. (2017). Authentic leadership and organizational trust. The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, 58, 437-454.
Li, W. -D., Arvey, R. D., & Song, Z. (2011). The influence of general mental ability, self-esteem and family socioeconomic status on leadership role occupancy and leader advancement: The moderating role of gender. The Leadership Quarterly, 22(3), 520-534.
Moran, A. J. (2015). An examination of self-esteem's impact on the leadership behaviors of female undergraduate student leaders. Master Theses.
Ozmutlu, I. (2008). Comparison of Leadership and Creativity Characteristics of Students Studying in Physical Education and Sports Colleges (Gazi University Example), Master Thesis Gazi University Institute of Health Sciences, Ankara.
Ozoglu, S. (2019). Self concept in counseling. Ankara University Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences (JFES), 8(1) , 93-111.
Rauch, C. F., & Behling, O. (1984). Functionalism: Basis for an alternate approach to the study of leadership. In J. G. Hunt, D. M. Hosking, C. A. Schriesheim, & R. Stewart (Eds.), Leaders and managers: International perspectives on managerial behavior and leadership (pp. 45-62). New York: Pergamon Press.
Roberts, W. (1988). Leadership Secrets of Attila The Hun. Warner Books, New York.
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton University Pres,
Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2016) Research Methods for Business: A Skill-Building Approach (7th Edition). West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Shamir, B. (1991). Meaning, Self and Motivation in Organizations. Organization Studies, 12(3), 405-424.
Shamir, B., & Howell, J. M. (2018). Organizational and Contextual Influences on the Emergence and Effectiveness of Charismatic Leadership. Katz, I., Eilam-Shamir, G., Kark, R. and Berson, Y. (Ed.) Leadership Now: Reflections on the Legacy of Boas Shamir (Monographs in Leadership and Management, Vol. 9), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 255-281.
Slutzky, C. B., & Simpkins, S. D. (2009). The link between children's sport participation and self-esteem: Exploring the mediating role of sport self-concept. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10(3), 381-389.
Smith, R.E., Smoll, F.L., & Cumming, S.P. (2007). Effects of a motivational climate intervention for coaches on changes in young athletes’ achievement goal orientations. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 1(1), 23–46.
Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Tafarodi, R. W., & Swann, W. B. (2001). Two-dimensional self-esteem: Theory and measurement. Personality and Individual Differences, 31(5), 653-673.
Tufan, B. (1990). The concept of self-esteem and the development of self-esteem throughout life. Journal of Hacettepe University School of Social Services, 8(1-2-3).
Ustalar, A. (2019). Investigation of Self-Esteem and Shyness Levels of Secondary School Students Who Do and Do Not Sports. Kütahya Dumlupınar University, Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports. Master Thesis. Kütahya.
Yanlic, N. (2011). Self-Esteem of Disabled Athletes Playing Sitting Volleyball. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Fırat University, Institute of Health Sciences.
Yorukoglu, A. (1985). Youth Mental Health and Mental Problems. Ankara: İş bank Cultural Publications.
Yukl, G. A. (2010). Leadership in Organizations. Seventh Edition, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.