Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

Published: 28 May 2019

Present and Future Benefits for Adult Inmate Trainees in Greek Prisons

Vasiliki Papaioannou, Evaggelos Anagnou

Hellenic Open Univercity, Patra, Greece

pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf


Pages: 357-372

Keywords: Correctional Education, Benefits, Personal Development, Professional Rehabilitation, Social Integration


Correctional education aims at challenging the illiteracy which often leads to delinquency and recidivism. In Greece little interest had been shown regarding the education of adult inmates, but with the establishment of Second Chance Schools (SCS) inside prisons, a more systematic and integrated effort was made for the overall development of trainees. Many studies have been conducted regarding the work that SCS provide. For this reason, a systematic review of the relevant bibliography and a compilation of the findings of the studies realized between 2006-2018, regarding the benefits of inmates participating in the educational programs, was considered appropriate. The results demonstrate that there are benefits at the personal, educational and social levels during confinement. After release, the expected benefits are analogous, with the addition of the expectations of the trainees’ expectations for social reintegration and professional rehabilitation.


  1. Commision of the European Communities (1995). Teaching and Learning. Towards the Learning   Society. White Paper of Education and Training. Brussels. Publication Office of European Union.

  2. Darkenwald, G. G. & Merriam, S. B. (1982). Adult Education. Foundations of practice. New York: Harper and Row.

  3. Dimitrouli, K. (2016). Exploring the perceptions of released inmates for the role of education, during and after their persecution, to their initial change and   social reintegration. The case of the released inmates supported by the Epanodos. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  4. Drillia, U. (2108). Second Chance Schools trainees in prisons: Case study: Expectations,            Barriers, Transformations. Based on trainees - prisoners view from prison of Korydallos area. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  5. Eikeland, O.-J., Manger, T. & Asbjørnsen, A. (2009). Education in Nordic Prisons. Prisoners’   educational background, preferences and     motivation. Copenhagen: Nordic Council of   Ministers. Retrieved from

  6. Erisman, W. & Contardo J. (2005). Learning to Reduce Recidivism: A 50-State Analysis of Postsecondary Correctional Education Policy. The Institute for Higher Education Policy.

  7. Esperian, J. (2010). The Effect of Prison Education Programs on Recidivism. The Journal of Correctional Education 61 (4), pp.316-334

  8. Farrall, A., Bottoms, S., & Shapland, J. (2010). Social Structures and Desistance from Crime.    European Journal of Criminology, 7 (6), 546–570.

  9. Farrington, D, Gallagher, B, Morley, L, St. Ledger, R &West, D. (1986). Unemployment, school            leaving and crime. British Journal of Criminology, 26, pp. 335-356.

  10. Finn, P. (1998). Job Placement for Offenders in Relation to Recidivism. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 28(1/2), pp. 89–106.

  11. Flanagan, T. (1994). Prison Education Research Project Final Report. Criminal            Justice Center, Sam Houston State University.

  12. Gaes, G. (2008). The Impact of Prison Education Programs on Post-Release Outcomes. Reentry Roundtable on Education.

  13. Gassuka, M. (n.d.). Educational techniques for inmates and released inmates. Educators’ Training Program - Educational Program for the Theoretical Training Trainers, Volume II. Athens: EkePis. (In Greek)

  14. Gravalou, Α. (2010). Investigating the views of adult trainee inmates on the teaching techniques applied at Second Chance School in Judicial Prisons of Larissa. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University. (In Greek).

  15. Grizou, M., Mpanos, V.,Rogdaki, A., Tsolakopoulou, I., (2008). Correctional education - The Greek version of a European idea. Dialogue for the 8th Educational Conference of OLME. Retrieved from (In Greek).

  16. Harer, M. (1994). Recidivism Among Federal Prisoners Released in 1987. Washington, DC: Federal Bureau of Prisons.

  17. Hiliopoulou, V. (2011). Motives for participation and attitudes of trainees in SCS Central Greece prisons. Master’s Thesis. Library Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  18. Hondolidou, E. (2003). The concept of literacy in Second Chance Schools. In: Vekris, L. - Hondolidou, E. (eds.) Study Specifications for Second Chance Schools. Athens:YPEPTH, GSGE, IDEKE, pp. 35-46 (In Greek).

  19. Hrysikopoulou, Ε. (2015). The implementation and use of participatory-active adult education training techniques in Second Chance Schools.Views of trainees attending the SCS of Eleonas   women's prison in Thiva. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In               Greek).

  20. Kett, M. (1995). Survey of prisoners’ attitudes to education. Wheatfield Place of Detention. Unpublished report.

  21. Kofini, E. (2017). Facing the social exclusion of prisoners through their participation in Second             Chance Schools. Master’s Thesis. Library Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  22. Korella, Α. (2016). Motives for participation and perceptions of trainnees in the 1st SCS (Prison) of Grevena Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  23. Kouimtzi, K.(2011).Investigation of motivation, intentions and trainees-inmates expectations within the General Detention Center of Thessaloniki - 3rd Second Chance School of Thessaloniki. Master’s Thesis. Library Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  24. Lejins, P. P. (1971). Sourcebook on Prison Education: Past, Present, and Future. Springfield Ill.,           Thomas

  25. Makriniotis, D. (2001).Social stigmatization of the self and the body. In K. Livieratos (Ed.), D. Makrinioti (trans.), Position: notes on the managing a damaged identity, pp 9-58. Athens: Publications Alexandria (In Greek).

  26. May, C. (1999). Explaining reconviction following a community sentence: the role of social factors. Home Office Research Study No. 192. London: Home Office.

  27. Motiuk, L. (1996). Targeting employment patterns to reduce offender risk and need. Forum on Corrections research, 8(1).

  28. Mparmpakos, A. (2016). Educational Needs and Barriers to Learning in Second Chance            Schools (SCS) of Correctional Centers of Larissa and Grevena. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  29. Mplioumi, T. (2017). Lyceum education for vulnerable social groups: The case of detainees in the judicial prison in Larissa. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  30. Muñoz, V. (2009) The Right to education of persons in detention. Report of the            special rapporteur on the right to education, Human Rights. Council, UN.

  31. Orlis, S. (2013). The needs for career counseling of vulnerable social groups: the case of SCS trainees in Diavata and Korydallos Correctional Centers Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  32. Panteleri, Α. (2014). The views of vulnerable social groups on their               education programs: The case of Second Chance School in Diavata Prison. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open          University (In Greek).

  33. Papadaki, V. (2006). Study on the education, training and employment of prisoners in

  34.        the context of their social reintegration. The case of the Central Prisoner of

  35.        Korydallos. Master’s Thesis. Library Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  36. Papaioannou, V. (2015). The views of inmates in Korydallos prison for their education at the Second Chance School. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  37. Parker, E.A. (1990). The Social-Psychological Impact of a College Education on the Prison Inmate. Journal of Correctional Education, 41(3), pp. 140-146.

  38. Papadionysiou, D. (2018). Investigating views of trainee women inmates for their education at the Second Chance School at Eleona prison in Thiva. Master’sThesis. Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  39. Papathanasiou, I. (2015). Investigating views of trainee inmates on attendance at the Second Chance School. A Case Study: The Second Chance School of the Prison of Larissa. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  40. Papathanasiou, N. (2010). Correctional education. The example of the Second Chance School Diavata Thessaloniki. Master’s Thesis. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (In Greek).

  41. Petsas G. (2010). Inmates Training: The Second Chance School in Korydallos prison.

  42.        Adult Education, V.34, pp. 31-41. (In Greek).

  43. Piche, J. (2008). Barriers to Knowledge Inside: Education in Prisons and Education on Prisons.  Journal of Prisoners on Prisons, Vol. 17, No. 1.

  44. Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. Simon andSchuster.

  45. Rand Corporation (2013). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Correctional Education: A Meta-Analysis of Programs That Provide Education to Incarcerated Adults.      Retrieved from

  46. Rigoutsou, H. (2005). Inmates Councelling. Athens: IDEKE. Ministry of Education, EPEAEK 2,            Measure 1.1. Act 1.1.2., Act 1.1.2V. Retrieved from (In Greek).

  47. Sakka, V. D. (2015). The Right to Prison Training: Case Study in the Close Prison in Patra. Master’s Thesis. Athens: University of Athens, School of Education, Department of Early Childhood Education & University College London,             Institute of Education. Joint program postgraduate studies "Education and Human Rights" (In Greek).

  48. Spinelli, K. (2009). The inter-institutional training counteracts the risk factors for redicivism? Proceedings of the conference presentation on: The education in prisons: Rehabilitation Lever. Athens 05/09/2009. Retrieved from (In Greek).

  49. Stergiou, A. (2018). The expansion of the training needs of the persons in custody (prisoners). The case of the Detention Center of Chania. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  50. Stouri, V. (2016). Career counseling for adult prisoners. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  51. Theophilou, P. (2004). The professional preparation and integration of people at risk of social   exclusion: young ex-prisoners. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Athens: Panteion University (In Greek).

  52. Τouloumi, Α. (2016). Education in prison: learning motives, barriers and the role of adult trainer in prisons. The case of inmates in SCS at Eleonas women's prison in Thiva. Master’s Thesis. Library Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  53. Ubah, C. (2005). An Examination of Academic, Policy and Social Considerations of Correctional Education and Offender Recidivism: Lessons for 21st Century Criminology, 2, No2 Justice          Policy Journal. Retrieved from

  54. Vacca, J. S. (2004). Educated Prisoners are less likely to Return to Prison. The Journal of Correctional Education, 55(4 ) pp. 297-305.

  55. Varvatakos, N. (2010). Correctional education. Magazine As if... a prisoner. March-April - May 2010, pp. 4-6 (In Greek).

  56. Vergidis, D., Asimaki, A., Tzintzidis, A. (2007). Correctional education. The Second Chance     School of Korydallos Prison. Arethas Scientific Yearbook, Volume IV, 61-93. Patras: University of Patras, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Primary Education, pp. 61-89 (In Greek).

  57. Vergopoulou, P. (2017). Correctional education. Inmates’ hope for a new start. The case of inmates at Eleonas prison in Thiva. Master’s Thesis. Patras: Hellenic Open University (In Greek).

  58. Welch, M. (1996). Corrections: A Critical Approach. New York: The McGraw- Hall.

  59. Wilson, D. B., Gallagher, C. A., & MacKenzie, D. L. (2000). A meta-analysis of corrections-based education, vocation and work programs for adult offenders. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 37(4), pp. 347-368.

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle