Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 19 October 2023
Does Getting into a First-Choice University Affect Learning Attitude in Japan?
Chukyo University, Japan
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Keywords: First-Choice University, Japanese University Students, Learning Attitude, Satisfaction with University Life, Study Time
In Japan, one in two people attends university after graduating from high school, and the annual university dropout rate is low. However, more than 80% of university students study for less than 10 hours a week outside of class. If high school graduates cannot pass the first-choice university exams and enter a university that is not their first-choice university, they might lose motivation to study harder because they cannot receive the desired education or curriculum. To investigate whether those who pass the entrance exam for their first-choice university spend more time studying outside class than those who do not, I used microdata on Japanese university students. From the OLS estimations, I found that whether students study is likely to be more influenced by their satisfaction with their university life than by whether they were able to enroll in their first-choice university. Additional ordered probit estimations concerning students’ learning attitudes revealed that students who were dissatisfied with their first choice displayed higher levels of laziness than students who were satisfied with their first choice.
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