top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.09 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.02 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.57 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.52 AM.png
open access

Published: 07 October 2018

Prevalence and Determinant Factors of Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices among Mothers of Children Aged Less than 12 Months Attending Governmental Maternal and Child Health Clinics in Jijiga City, Ethiopia

Mohamed Mohamud, Dek Beshir, Aisha Shiek Adan, Bisharow Mohammed

Jigjiga University, Ethiopia

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf




Background: Breastfeeding is a natural food that serves as a complete source of infant nutrition for the first six months of life. Infants that are exclusively breastfed have a lower chance of becoming ill or dying from diarrhea and infections and are less likely to acquire pneumonia, meningitis, and ear infections than those that were not exclusively breastfed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinant factors of EBF practice among mothers of children aged less than 12 months. Methods: Institutional based cross sectional study was conducted among 361mothers with infants less than 12 months selected from two governmental hospitals. Descriptive statistics were employed to analyze the data by using SPSS version 21 statistical software. Result: Three hundred forty six (95.8%) practiced breastfeeding, 187 (54%) of mothers initiated breastfeeding within one hour after delivery, 138 (39.8%) initiated breastfeeding with in the period 1 hour to 1 day and the rest, 21 (6.1%) initiated within 1 – 3 days. ANC follow up, most 312 (86.4%) mothers were attend ANC during their pregnancy, 303 (97%) of mothers were getting Health education on breastfeeding and 181 (50.1%) delivered at home. Conclusion and Recommendation: The overall breast feeding practices among mothers’ were high, Culture was found to influence the practice of exclusive breast feeding practice, the mothers practice on breast feeding their child on demand, and the continued breastfeeding practice were high and should be strengthened.


  1. Wayne J. And Heather M. Canada's 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS):  Breastfeeding practices, Health Reports, 2005; 16(2).

  2. World Health  Organization  fifty-fifth  world  health  assembly, provisional agenda item 13.10 Infant and young child nutrition Global strategy on infant and young child feeding, Report by the Secretariat, 16 April 2002.

  3. Baby Milk action; update No 29 June 2001, Available at

  4. Lands, B., Kenneth, I. A. & Paterson, P. Infant feeding practices and associated factors in the first 6 months of life. Norwegian infant nutrition survey. Journal of Paediatric 2004 92(1), 152 – 161.

  5. Grant, P. J. Counseling and assessing knowledge and skills of breastfeeding. Geneva; WHO Bulletin 2004 8(3), 17 – 21.

  6. Kloeblen-Tarver, A. S., Thompson, N. J. & Miner, K. R. Intent to breast feed, the impact of attitude, norms, parity and experience. American Journal of Health Behaviour 26(3), 182 – 187.

  7. Federal Ministry of Health Family Health Department Ethiopia, national strategy for infant and young child feeding. April, 2004

  8. Central Statistical Agency. Demographic and health survey 2005, Ethiopia ORC Macro

Calverton, Maryland, USA September 2006

  1. FMOH and UNICEF join forces to promote safe breastfeeding, 6 august 2004

  2. Ministry of finance and economic development population department an annotated bibliography of population and reproductive health researches in Ethiopia, 2002-2007 December, 2008 p 24-28

  3. Essien, N. C., Samson-Akpan, P. E., Ndebbio, T. J. & John, M. E.; Mothers knowledge, attitude, beliefs and practices concerning exclusive breastfeeding in Calabar. West African Journal of Nursing 2009, 11(1), 65 – 75

  4. Gastner, L. M., Morton, J., Lawrence, R. A., Naylor, A. J.: Breastfeeding and the use of human milk paediatrics 2006, 115(2), 496 – 502.

  5. Ajayi, A. D., Hellandensis, J. &Odekunle, F. Sociodemographic correlates of breastfeeding practices among mothers in Kogi State, Nigeria, West African Journal of Nursing 2011, 22(1), 28 – 35.

  6. Pender, N. J., Murdaugh, C. L. Parson, M. A.: Health promotion model revised 4th ed. Prentice Hall: New Jersey 2004.

  7. Rosenstock, I. M. Historical origin of the Health belief model in Becker H. M. ed. The Health belief model and personal health behaviour Charles B. Slack Thorfere. New Jersey 2000.

  8. Kronborg, H. &Vaeth, M. The influence of psychological factors on the duration of breastfeeding. Journal of Public Health 2004, 32(3), 210 – 216.

  9. The state of the world’s children 2010.Special Edition. Celebrating 20 Years of the Convention on the Rigts of the Child. United Nations Children’s Fund. New York, USA.

  10. State of the world’s children 2011. Adolescence. An age of opportunity. United Nations Children’s Fund. New York, USA.

  11. Breastfeeding: Current status. html. Downloaded on 2-12-2011.

  12. Bahl, R., Frost, C., Kirkwood, B. R., Edmond, K., Martines, J., Bhandari, N. and Arthur, P. (2005). Infant feeding patterns and risks of death and hospitalization in the first half of infancy: multi-centre cohort study. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 83: 418-426.

  13. Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics and ICF Macro.2011. Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey 2009-2010. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics & ORC Macro; 2010.

  14. de Paoli M, Manongi R, Helsing E and Klepp K: Exclusive Breastfeeding in the Era  of AIDS .Journal of Human Lactation 2001, 17(313): 315,319

  15. World Health Organization: Infant and young child feeding: Model Chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals. Geneva, WHO: 2009: site visited on 16/5/2012

  1. World Health Organization, - UNICEF: Global Strategy on Infant and Young Child Feeding, site visited on 2012

  2. Leshabari SC, Koniz-Booher P, Astrom AN, de Paoli MM, Moland KM: Translating global recommendations on HIV and infant feeding to the local context: the development of culturally sensitive counselling tools in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. Implementation Science 2006, 1(22):5-9

  3. Sheehan D., Krueger P., Watt, S. et al.; The Ontario Mother and Infant Survey: breastfeeding outcome. Journal of Human Lactation. 2001, 17 (3): 217-218.

  4. Ochuma, L.O and Waudo, J.: Nutritional status and feeding practices of infants born of HIV positive mothers: A case of Homa-Bay PMTCT clinic, Kenya. 2005

  5. Central Statistical Agency Demographic and health survey 2005, Ethiopia ORC Macro Calverton, Maryland, USA September 2006

  6. Haroun H. M Mahfouz M. S and Ibrahim B. Y Breast feeding indicators in Sudan: A case study of Wad Medani town. Sudanese Journal of public health, 2008; 3(2): 81-90

  7. Setegn T, Mulusew GM, Belachew T. Determinants of timely initiation of breastfeeding among mothers in Goba Woreda, South East Ethiopia: A cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:217. 30.

  8. Su LL, Chong YS, Chan YH, Chan YS, Fok D, Tun KT, Ng FSP, Rauff M. Antenatal education and postnatal support strategies for improving rates of exclusive breast feeding: randomized controlled trial. Br Med J. 2007; 335(7620):396.

  9. T. Alemayehu, J. Haidar, and D. Habte, “Determinants of exclusivebreastfeedingpracticesinEthiopia,”EthiopianJournal ofHealthDevelopment,vol.23,no.1,2009.

  10. Alemayehu T, Haidar J, Habte D. Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding practices in Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev. 2009;23(1):12–8.

bottom of page