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Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

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open access

Published: 17 March 2024

Risk Factors of Severe Acute Malnutrition among Under-five Children in Al-Nohud Western Kordufan State: Cross-Sectional Study

Ahmed Elnadif Elmanssury

Qassim University, KSA

journal of social and political sciences
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Pages: 85-94

Keywords: Risk factor, Malnourishment, Under Nutrition, Stunting, Wasting


Background: Malnourishment is still conceder a severe public health and progress issue, not just in evolving populations but everywhere in the world. Because it outcomes in the losses of 3.5 million kids less than five, each year, it is a major issue. Its severity is still greatest in Sudan and western Kordufan, where it is public health problems. Objectives: Identification of risk factors and immediate contributors to malnutrition among kids less than five years old was the goals of the study. Methodology: The study's methodology was prospective descriptive. This study included all children under the age of five who were admitted to Al-Nohud Hospital and were diagnosed with unembellished critical malnutrition, which is identified as weight for height quantity of 70% of the median or > 3 SD below the mean World Health Organization situation values or the occurrence of consensual fighting oedema of nutritious origin. The World Health Organization arrangement of kids from 0-59 months of time for height (HFH -3 z-score, or Mid-Upper Arm Circumstances 115 mm) served as the foundation for this investigation. A large proportion of kids (66.7%) had a Mid-Upper Arm Circumstances of below 11cm (110mm), exhibiting acute malnourishment, and (28.6%) had a Mid-Upper Arm Circumstances of between 11 and 12cm, showing adequate malnourishment. According to interpretation of Mid-Upper Arm Circumstances in the research, Weight in relation to height, which represents the majority, is (-3SD). Results: Maternal illiteracy, mother's age, families' economic situation, exposure to infectious infections, and diarrhoea were all factors in under-five malnutrition. Conclusion: By educating mothers on the value of healthy eating for their children's growth and development, we can raise their level of education. All expectant mothers should get antenatal care, and existing programs on child care, infection control, and breastfeeding should be reinforced.


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