top of page
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Social and Political


ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
asia insitute of research, journal of social and political sciences, jsp, aior, journal publication, humanities journal, social journa
open access

Published: 11 April 2023

Determinants of Social Entrepreneurship in Rural West Java: The Role of Agent of Change, Technology and Innovations, and Communication Channel

Wien Kuntari, Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo, Rita Nurmalina, Ma’mun Sarma

IPB University, Indonesia

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf



Pages: 1-8

Keywords: Collective Action, Community Dialogue, Social Entrepreneurship, Agent of Change, Communication Model of Social Entrepreneurship


The aim of the research is study examines the determinants of social entrepreneurship. These variables are characteristics of reform agents, characteristics of technology and innovation, communication channels, community dialogue, and collective action so that they can shape changes in behavior related to the creation of social entrepreneurship in the MHP program. This study used a mixed methods approach. Samples were taken of 200 people, processing and analysis data using SEM-PLS. The results of the SEM analysis show three structural equations, (1) depicting that X1 has a significant direct effect on Y1 (0.248) and X2 (0.518). This factor is dominant in the field because the characteristics of technology and innovation provide opportunities for social innovation. Equation (2) shows that Y1 influences Y2 (0.292), this shows that in community dialogue, the community invited to choose who will manage and maintain the turbine. Equation (3) Y1 has a direct effect on the level of social entrepreneurship (0.671), while Y2 has a negative effect (-0.199). The reason is almost 90 percent of the public when there is a communication dialogue in a large meeting, accepts a decision if there is already someone who is considered far more understanding. Community dialogue influenced by the characteristics of change agents as well as the characteristics of technology and innovation. Collective action are influenced by the support of community dialogue, while social entrepreneurship is influenced by communication dialogue and collective action. Community dialogue and collective action are driving forces for citizens to make changes in social entrepreneurship.


  1. Alawiyah, DN. (2015). Socioteenpreneur. Publisher Erlangga : Surabaya

  2. Asia, N., Sarwoprosodjo, S., Gandasari, D. (2018). Dialogue and Collective Action of Farmer Groups in the Cocoa Certification Program in West Sulawesi Province. Journal of Development Communication, eISSN 2442-4102, February 2018, Volume 16, No. 1.

  3. Aziz, A. (2021). Development of a Communication Model between Parties in the Implementation of an Integrated Information Technology-Based Planting Calendar Information System. [Unpublised Desertation]. IPB University.

  4. Bozhikin, I., Macke, J., and da Costa, L. F. (2019). The role of government and key non-state actors in social entrepreneurship: A systematic literature review. Journal of cleaner production, 226, 730-747.

  5. Chatterjee, I., Cornelissen, J., and Wincent, J. (2021). Social Entrepreneurship and Values Work: The role of practices in shaping values and negotiating change. Journal of Business Venturing, 36(1), 106064.

  6. Dacin, P.A., Dacin, M.T., and Matear, M. (2010). ‘Social entrepre-neurship: why we don’t need a new theory and how we move forward from here’, Academy of Management Perspectives, Vol 24, No 3, pp 37–57.

  7. Figueroa ME, Kincaid DL, Rani M, and Lewis G. (2002). Communication For Social Change: An Integrated Model For Measuring The Process and Its Outcomes. The Communication for Social Change Working Paper Series: No.1. New York (USA).

  8. Goyal, S., Agrawal, A., and Sergi, B. S. (2021).  Social Entrepreneurship for Scalable Solutions Addressing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at BoP in India.  Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management, 16(3-4), 509-529.

  9. Govender JP, and Wu J. (2013). The adoption of internet banking in a developing economy. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies. 5(8):496-504.

  10. Hermawati, W dan Indra. (2019). Local Leadership and Microhydro Project Sustainability in Rural Indonesia. DOI: 10.1177/0019556119844558.

  11. Hoffken J I. (2016). Demystification and localization in the adoption of micro-hydro technology: Insights from India. Energy Research and Social Science journal home page:

  12. Imron, D. K., and Satrya, A. R. A. (2019). Women and coffee farming: Collective consciousness towards social entrepreneurship in Ulubelu, Lampung. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 22(3), 216-229. doi: 10.22146/jsp.35366.

  13. Isti’adah FNL. (2017). Student Interpersonal Communication Profile. Journal of Innovative Counseling : Theory, Practice and Research. 1(1):40-49.

  14. Kazmi, S. A., Hashim, M., Kee, D. H., and Khan, F. U. (2016). Social entrepreneurship and its impact on economy: In perspective of Pakistan. International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, 6(4), 161-166.

  15. Khalid, S., Dixon, S., and Vijayasingham, L. (2022). The gender responsiveness of social entrepreneurship in health–A review of initiatives by Ashoka fellows. Social Science and Medicine, 293, 114665.

  16. Kincaid DL, and Figueroa ME. (2009). Communication for Participatory Development: Dialogue, Action, and Change. In Frey LR, Cissna KN, editor. Routledge Handbook Of Applied Communication Research. New York (USA): Routledge. page 506-531.

  17. Koehne, F., Woodward, R., andHonig, B. (2022). The potentials and perils of prosocial power: Transnational social entrepreneurship dynamics in vulnerable places. Journal of Business Venturing, 37(4), 106206.

  18. Mair, J., and Marti, I. (2006). ‘Social entrepreneurship research: a source of explanation, prediction, and delight’, Journal of World Business, Vol 41, No 1, pp 36–44. doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2005.09.002.

  19. Maulinda. (2018). Proses Pengembangan Social Enterprise Agriculture: Studi Biografi pada Agradaya. Jurnal Studi Pemuda, vol 7 no 2 tahun 2018.

  20. Piotrow, P.T., Kincaid,D. L.,Rimon, J.G. II, and Rinehart, W. (1997). Health Communication: Lessons from Family Planning and Reproductive Health,Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

  21. Rahab. (2009). The Relationship between Technology Characteristics and Likelihood of Small Businesses Adopting TI. Jurnal Bisnis dan Ekonomi (JBE). 16(2):111-125.

  22. Riadi E.  (2018).  Statistical SEM-Structural Equation Modeling with LISREL. Yogyakarta.

  23. Sahrakorpi, T., and Bandi, V. (2021). Empowerment or employment? Uncovering the paradoxes of social entrepreneurship for women via Husk Power Systems in rural North India. Energy Research and Social Science, 79, 102153.

  24. Rosaira, I., dan Hermawati W. (2014). The Impact od MHP on The Socio_Economic Life of the Community in Gunung Sawur Hamlet, Sumber Rejo Village, Candipuro, Lumajang. [Paper Presentation] Proceeding of the 2014 National Appropriate Technology Conference and Seminar.

  25. Samineni S. (2018). Social Entrepreneurship – As a Tool for Sustainable Development of Women in Rural India Leading to Economic Empowerment. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM). DOI: 10.9790/487X-2002079198.

  26. Santos, F.M. (2012). ‘A positive theory of social entrepreneurship’, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol 111, No 3, pp 335–351. DOI 10.1007/s10551-012-1413-4.

  27. Solihat I. (2020). Design Prototype of Micro-hydro Power Plant. Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi, Vol 1 no 2.

  28. Sugiyono, A. (2009). Community Empowerment in Managing the Potential of Water Resources through the Development of PLTMH. JESP Vol. 1, No.3.

  29. Sutowo I R. (2020). Partisipatory Communication in the Development of Social Entrepreneurship in Pandeglang, Banten. EXOPSE : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Vol. 3, No. 01, April, 2020. DOI: 10.33021/exp.v3i1.885.

  30. Tracey, P., and Phillips, N. (2007). The distinctive challenge of educating social entrepreneurs: A postscript and rejoinder to the special issue on entrepreneurship education. Academy of management learning and education, 6(2), 264-271.

  31. Urban, B., and Teise, H. (2015). Antecedents to social entrepreneurship intentions: An empirical study in South Africa. Management Dynamics: Journal of the Southern African Institute for Management Scientists, 24(2), 36-52.

  32. Wibhawa B. (2018). IBEKA’s social service delivery model in Indonesia’s micro-hydro power. Human Systems Management 37 (2018) 387–397 IOS Press. DOI 10.3233/HSM-171628.

  33. Żur, A. (2015). Social problems as sources of opportunity–antecedents of social entrepreneurship opportunities. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(4), 73-87.

bottom of page