Law and Humanities
Published: 06 March 2023
Independent Learning-Independent Campus: From the Perspective of Justice and Utilitarian Theories
Suratman, Umi Salamah, Sulaisyah Amini, Fitria Dewi Navisa
Universitas Islam Malang (Indonesia), SMK Negeri 3 (Indonesia)
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Independent Learning Independent Campus, Justice Theory, Utilitarian Theory
The Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 3 of 2020 implies that learning experience should be able to build characters of graduates in both hard skills and soft skills as expected by learners, the needs of the users, and the development of science and technology. The government set a policy of Independent Learning-Independent Campus, or commonly known as Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka, to set graduates ready to compete in the real career world. This concept was initiated by the government parallel to the theoretical perspective, giving students their rights to study outside their study programs in or outside the university; this is reckoned as a learning activity outside the university. From the perspective of utilitarian theory, this concept, set forth in the Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 3 of 2020, is intended to give countless benefits to university students as a whole to help them construct their hard and soft skills and to set them prepared to adjust to current development.
Allah Nawazi and Muhammad Zubair Khan. (2012). Issues of technical support of e-Learning systems in universities. IJ.Modern Education and Computer Science, 4(2), 40.
Article 15 paragraph (1) Permendikbud RI Number 3 of 2020.
Atmasasmita, R. (2012). Memahami Teori Hukum Integratif [Understanding integrative law theory]. Legalitas: Jurnal Hukum, 3(2).
Bodenheimer. (1974). Jurisprudence, the Philosophy and Method of the Law. Harvard University Press.
Dan W. Butin. (2006). The Limits of Service-Learning in Higher Education. The Review of Higher Education, 29(4).
Fitzgerad. (1966). Salmon on Jurisprudence. Sweet & Maxwell.
Julia E. Rodriguez. (2011). Social Media use in Higher Education: key areas to consider for educators. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 7(4), 539.
Maimoona Salam,•Dayang Nurfatimah Awang Iskandar,• Dayang Hanani Abang Ibrahim, M. S. F. (2019). Service learning in higher education: a systematic literature review, Education Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea , Asia.
Marzuki, P. M. (2021). Penelitian hukum [Law research]. Yuatisia Merdeka, 7(2), 117–125. http://yustisia.unmermadiun.ac.id/index.php/yustisia/article/download/109/85
Mustaghfiroh, S. (2020). Konsep “Merdeka Belajar”Perspektif Aliran Progresivisme John Dewey [Concept of "Merdeka Belajar" based on John Dewey's Progresivism]. Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 4(1), 141.
Paton, G. W. (1971). A Text-book of Jurisprudence. Oxford University Press.
Pound, R. (1978). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law. Yale University Press.
Puspitasari R, N. R. (2021). Implementasi Kegiatan Merdeka Belajar, Kampus Merdeka, FISIP UPN Veteran, Jawa Timur [Implementation of the Merdeka Belajari, Kampus Merdeka, FISIP UPN Veteran, East Java]. DINAMIKA GOVERNANCE: JURNAL ILMU ADMINISTRASI NEGARA, 11(2), 289.
Rahardjo, S. (1991). Ilmu Hukum [Law studies]. Citra Aditya Bakti.
Shazia Rasyid and Sunishtha Singh Yadav. (2020). The impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Higher Education and Research. Indian Journal of Human Development, 14(2).
Soetandyo Wignjosoebroto. (1974). Penelitian Hukum: Sebuah Tipologi Masyarakat Indonesia [Law research: A typology of Indonesian society]. PT Raja GrafindoPersada.
Susilawati. (2021). Merdeka Belajar dan Kampus Merdeka Dalam Pandangan Filsafat Pendidikan Humanisme [Merdeka Belajar and Kampus Merdeka based on humanism education philosophy]. Jurnal Sikola: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran, 2(3), 213.
Thomas Morawet. (1980). The Philosophy of Law, New York Macmillan Publishing.
Todd A. Finkle and Evan Masters. (2014). Does MOOC pose a threat to higher education? Research in Higher Education Journal, 2(6), 9.
Vaughan, David G., and J. R. S. (2022). Risk Estimation of Collapse of the West Antarctic Sheet.