Law and Humanities
Published: 15 April 2023
The Socio-Legal Condition of the Woman in the Work Environment in Cameroon: Factor or Obstacle for Her Empowerment?
Etoula Essoh Clotilde
University of Buea, Cameroon
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Culture, Discrimination, Employment, Empowerment, Equality, Traditions
This paper examines the socio-legal condition of the woman in the work environment in Cameroon to determine the extent to which it plays in favor of her empowerment. An extensive review of the laws and the literature relating to Labour law in Cameroon has revealed that several Women’s Empowerment Principles (WEPs) launched by the United Nations in 2010 (WEP-Booklet, 2010) have been incorporated by the lawmaker. The principle of equality that drives all those principles is very present in the regulation as issues of discrimination in employment are a constant preoccupation of the lawmaker. Unfortunately, it is observed that the cultural context that keeps imprisoning the woman in Africa in general to the role of mother and wife has not eased her empowerment although she has even been given the opportunity to act in the political field. A more effective legislation that neutralises discriminations in employment and provide for a good sanction system against the violation of the principle of equality at work is unavoidable to empower women. But this is not enough as political awareness is the key that will boost their empowerment and thereof contribute to development.
Abessolo M. (2019). The legal protection of the woman and the girl in Cameroon, Living Book Publishing.
Bacqué M-H. & Biewener. C. (2013). « Empowerment a new concept to talk about participation ? Revue Idées Economiques et Sociales, 173 (3), 25- 32. https://www.cairn.info/revue-idees-economiques-et- sociales-2013-3-page-25.htm
Biwole, O. V. (2021). Women of Cameroon’s emergence: Disturbing Facts, Yaounde University Presses.
Calvès, A-E, (2009). “Empowerment: The History of a Key Concept in Contemporary Development Discourse”, Revue Tiers Monde, 200 (4), 735-749. https://www.cairn-int.info/journal-revue-tiers-monde-2009-4-page-735.htm.
Gender and indicators : Women and Development Commission. (2007). Women’s empowerment approach: A methodological guide, https://www.genreenaction.net.
Goffman, E. (1977), The arrangements between the sexes. Theory and Society, 4 (3), 301-331
ILO. (2008). Global wage report 2008-09: Minimun Wages and Collective Bargaining, Towards Policy Coherence. Geneva. https://www.ilo.org/global/publications/WCMS_100786/lang--en/index.htm
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom – Cameroon Section. (2019). Women’s Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Cameroon, https://www.wilpf.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Cameroon-CESCR_EN.pdf
Lochak, D. (2008). ‘’Sex duality and gender duality in legal norms’’, In Essays in Honour of Lajoie A., Thémis (Eds), University of Montreal, 659-689. http://www.lex-electronica.org/files/sites/103/15-1
Miendjiem, I. L. (2011). National studies on Employment and occupation and proposal for a national action plan in Cameroon, International Labour Office. - Geneva : ILO.
Monkam, C. (2020). “A bird’s eye view of the law N° 2018/010 of 11 July 2018 governing Vocational Training in Cameroon”, Juridis Périodique, 162-167.
Ngaoundje L. D. & Frii-Manyi A. R. (2021). ‘’Gender discrimination in the domain of employment in Cameroon’’, African Journal of Social Sciences, 12 (4), 51-66. .
Noukio, G. B. (2020). ‘Cameroon : Contribution of women in politics’, East African Journal of Education,Humanities and Literature, 2 (6), 242-249. DOI : 10.36349/EASJEHL.2020.v03i06.008
United Nations women and United Nations Global Compact, Women’s Empowerment Principles (WEPs), second Edition 2011, https://asiapacific.unwomen.org/en/countries/china/weps