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The Accelerated Military Withdrawal of the United States from Afghanistan and its Turn to East Asia: Changing the Path of Forced and Political Hegemony

Muaiyid Rasooli, Mohammad Ekram Yawar, Muhammad Qasim Shaiq

Xi’an Jiaotong, Akdeniz University, Balkh University

In continuation of Obama and Trump's strategy, Joe Biden's government considered America's withdrawal from Afghanistan as one of its foreign policy priorities and quickly withdrew the country's soldiers from Afghanistan by September 2021. The objective of this article is to analyze the worldwide strategy of the United States in leaving Afghanistan and the strategic turn to East Asia. This article answers the question with a descriptive-analytical method, why did America end its 20-year military presence in Afghanistan after bearing large financial and military costs? In response to the mentioned question, this hypothesis has been proposed that "the rise of China's economic and military power in the shadow of the transfer of global security responsibility to America poses an unprecedented threat to America's perceived global hegemony and the international order." Hence, from the American decision-makers perspective, the withdrawal of the military forces of this country from Afghanistan is a strategic opportunity to move to East Asia and create a new coalition in the Asia-Pacific region in terms of control. "The most significant finding of the research is that, in order to maintain its hegemonic position against China's threat, the United States is trying to divide the huge burden of global security responsibility among its partners, using a forced hegemonic strategy with a focus on East Asia. The method of data collection was library and using specialized magazines and reliable internet resources.



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