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South Korea's Environmental Securitization Process in Facing the Impact of China's Fine Dust

Farrahdiba, Mansur Juned

Universitas Pembangunan Nasional ‘Veteran’ Jakarta, Indonesia

Research has revealed how China's economic policies influence South Korea's securitization strategy in the context of fine dust pollution between China and South Korea. The evolution of South Korea's approach to addressing this issue is highlighted through the difference in approaches between earlier and more recent studies. Policies such as the Blue Sky Project underscore the practical implications of securitization in international relations, emphasizing the importance of diplomatic cooperation in addressing environmental threats collectively. Therefore, securitization involves transforming social-political issues into security concerns, necessitating extraordinary measures to address perceived existential threats. South Korea has strategically utilized securitization to respond to the fine dust issue caused by China's negative technological impacts. By portraying the situation as a national security problem, this research will examine South Korea's implementation of complex measures, initiating diplomatic efforts and international agreements to reduce fine dust particles' environmental and public health risks. Alarming trends in air quality decline, influenced by hazardous fine dust particle flows and reinforced by media coverage, have propelled South Korea to respond effectively. The significance of this issue is amplified by its environmental and public health implications, creating an urgent need for comprehensive action. In a thorough investigation, this research seeks to explain the intricate interaction between environmental challenges arising from fine dust pollution, media narrative influence, and South Korea's strategic securitization usage.



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