Zhao Yingxia, Wang Binjie, Xu Shishi, Guo Yue
Ningbo University of Technology, China
It has become a common phenomenon in universities that "crazy university, happy universities," which makes it urgent for higher education to "return to common sense, duty, original heart, and dream." Following the general direction of "education reform," this paper proposes the hypothesis that "four regressions" which can affect students' regression criteria on the basis of combing relevant literatures domestically and abroad and verifies its correctness through structural equation. In addition, the user's portrait was used to analyze and conclude the characteristics of college students, and regression analysis was used to explore its causes, so as to make suggestions for educational reform.
The research on the study of Chinese university students and analysis of college students in the United States point out it is a common phenomenon that it exist problems of low classroom challenges and the light academic burden of college students in China universities. On June 21, 2018, Minister Chen Baosheng 1 delivered an important speech at the Undergraduate Education Work Conference of the New Era National College of Higher Education, "Adhering to the principle of promoting the four-fold return to build a first-class undergraduate education with Chinese characteristics and world-class level." The "four regressions" firstly emphasizes that college students should realize "return to common sense"; the director of the Department of Higher Education, Wu Yan○2, also interprets the new development of higher education reform and development in the speech of "Comprehensively grasping the situation and revitalizing the undergraduate to play the role of the teaching and learning committee fully."
"Four Returns" points out that college students should study hard and return to common sense. In summary, the definition of "four regressions" is defined as returning to common sense, students should study hard and master the skills for practical service; returning to the duty, teachers should continue and convey spiritual values, and also should concentrate on teaching and educating students; At first glance, colleges and universities should cultivate talents that the society needs and conform to the development of the times; returning to dreams, education must be a dream of building a first-class university and building a first-class discipline. Domestic similar subjects mainly focus on three aspects of college academics, students' rating system, and university reform.
Zhang Liangyue and Guo Suling believe that local colleges and universities still have problems in the overall development of education, which is still stuck in the development model that satisfies demand, and the insufficiency of connotation development. It should pay attention to the development of specialty and discipline, attach importance to the development of teachers' connotation, and pay attention to improving students' ability development is in three aspects. Shang Hongjuan  proposed through the study of first-class undergraduate education in the United States. In the undergraduate study period, American universities aim to provide students with adequate learning opportunities and learning rights, focusing on cultivating students' critical thinking and curiosity, emphasizing students' five core competencies of writing, reading, querying, quantitative analysis, and communication to allow students to "learn how to learn."
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