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Research on the Influence of Self-Efficacy, Training Motivation, and Training Outcomes on the Employment Intentions of Unemployed Youth in Taiwan Government Vocational Training Programs

Che-Hung Liu, Ru-Yi Xiao

National University of Tainan, Taiwan




This study originates from the observation of youth unemployment in Taiwan society and explores whether unemployed youth can successfully transition to the workplace through participation in Taiwan government vocational training. It examines the effects of individual self-efficacy, training motivation, and training effectiveness on employment intentions. The research method utilized a questionnaire survey, with a total of 121 questionnaires collected. SmartPLS and SPSS were used as statistical analysis software to conduct descriptive statistics, reliability and validity analysis, and regression analysis. The empirical results are as follows: self-efficacy has a significant positive impact on training effectiveness: a significant positive impact between self-efficacy and employment intentions; training motivation has a significant positive impact on training effectiveness; training motivation does not have a significant impact on employment intentions; and training effectiveness has a significant positive impact on employment intentions. In addition to the five hypotheses within the research framework, this study also conducted independent sample T-tests, one-way ANOVA, mediation effects, and moderation effects analyses, and got several empirical results as follows: training effectiveness partially mediates the impact of self-efficacy on employment intentions; males generally have higher self-efficacy than females; trainees who attempted to seek employment before training generally have higher employment intentions than those who did not; and trainees aged 25-29 generally have higher employment intentions than those aged 15-19.


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