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Integrated, Decentralized Wastewater Management Use to Improve the Environmental Health of Khartoum Locality Sudan

Faisal Merghani Ibrahim, Bashir Mohammed El Hassan, Ahmed Elnadif Elmanssury, Ahmed Musa Siyam, Safa Abdaalla Dafaallah, Yasir Hayat Mughal, Mahmoud Jaber

Omdurman Islamic University (Sudan), University of Khartoum (Sudan), Qassim University (Saudi Arabia), University of Hail (Saudi Arabia)

The management of water resources and the related disposal of wastewater are essential for human existence and the advancement of contemporary society. Collecting and managing wastewater has a significant effect on local and global economies as well as the environment. Innovation in the field of the environment is of utmost importance in reducing the environmental impacts on systems and in making them more sustainable economically, environmentally and socially. Decentralization is considered an appropriate solution to sustainability problems in liquid waste management programs because it focuses on treating liquid waste on-site, recycling it locally, and taking advantage of the local resources available in domestic wastewater. This research analyzes the needs, appropriate technical methods, and support for water management through decentralized systems. Three considerations will be used to support the choice of a decentralized wastewater treatment system in the Khartoum Locality: $106,000,000. According to the BioWin results, the effectiveness of each alternative household wastewater treatment was comparable. Software such as MapInfo, GPS Area Calculator, BioWin, and GIS was used to reach the targets. Additionally, the results revealed that the decentralized wastewater treatment method, considering its costs, land requirements, and slope effects on the environment, is preferable to centralized wastewater treatment systems. These results serve as a guide for choosing the best wastewater treatment option to increase access to safe sanitation and to integrate decentralized wastewater management to upgrade and improve the environment in the Khartoum Locality.



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